John Keane, 1st Baron Keane

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For other people named John Keane, see John Keane (disambiguation).
John Keane, 1st Baron Keane
Born 6 February 1781
Died 24 August 1844
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held Bombay Army
Battles/wars Peninsular War
First Anglo-Afghan War
Anglo Marri war
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order

Lieutenant-General John Keane, 1st Baron Keane, GCB, GCH (6 February 1781 – 24 August 1844) was an Irish soldier in the British Army.[1]

Background[edit]

Keane was born in Belmont, Ireland, the second son of Sir John Keane, 1st Baronet.[1] He joined the British Army as an Ensign at age 11 in 1792. He rose the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the 60th Foot and commanded a brigade in the Peninsular War.[1] For his services there, he was awarded the Army Gold Cross with two clasps for Martinique, Vitoria, the Pyrenees, Nivelle, the Nive, and Toulouse.[1] Promoted to Major-General, Keane commanded the British 3rd brigade at the Battle of New Orleans where he was wounded twice.[1] He served as commander-in-chief in the West Indies and also administered the colonial government of Jamaica.[1]

Actions[edit]

Lieutenant-General Keane served as Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army from 1834 to 1840 and commanded the combined British and British Indian army ("The Army of the Indus") during the opening campaign of the First Anglo-Afghan War and first Anglo Marri war. He commanded the victorious British and Indian army at the Battle of Ghazni on 23 July 1839. For his service, he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Keane, of Ghuznee and of Cappoquin in the County of Waterford on 23 December 1939.[2][3]

Personal life[edit]

During the course of his life Keane married two times, firstly Grace Smith, the daughter of Lieutenant General Sir John Smith whom he married in 1806, then secondly was Charlotte Maria Boland, the daughter of a Colonel Boland in 1840. From his marriage with Grace Smith the couple had six children.[4] Lord Keane died at Burton Lodge, Hampshire, England, on 24 August 1844.[1]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "John Keane". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19805. p. 2655. 20 December 1839.
  3. ^ "John Keane, Baron Keane of Ghuznee and Cappoquin". Family Search. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Person Page - 23550". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. [unreliable source]
Government offices
Preceded by
Edward O'Hara
Governor of Saint Lucia
1818–1819
Succeeded by
John Joseph Winkler
Preceded by
The Duke of Manchester
Governor of Jamaica
(acting)

1827–1829
Succeeded by
The Earl of Belmore
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Colin Halkett
C-in-C, Bombay Army
1834–1840
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas McMahon
Preceded by
Sir Henry Warde
Colonel of the 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
1831–1838
Succeeded by
Sir William Johnston
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Keane
1839–1844
Succeeded by
Edward Arthur Wellington Keane