21 May 1942 |
|Height||1.79 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Weight||84 kg (185 lb)|
John Konrads (Latvian: Jānis Konrads; born 21 May 1942) is an Australian former freestyle swimmer of the 1950s and 1960s, who won the 1500 m freestyle at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome. In his career, he set 26 individual world records, and after his swimming career ended, was the Australasian director of L'Oréal, as well as campaigning for the Sydney Olympics bid. Along with his sister Ilsa Konrads, who also set multiple world records, they were known as the Konrad Kids.
Born in Riga, Latvia, Konrads emigrated with his parents Janis and Elza, grandmother, elder sister Eve and younger sister Ilsa in August 1944, initially staying in Germany. This came after occupation of Latvia by German troops during the Second World War and then reoccupation by Soviet troops. Though living in Germany until 1949, their application to immigrate to the United States was refused on account of the large size of the family. Instead, Australia accepted them. They were first located at Greta migrants' camp near Maitland, New South Wales, and then they were relocated to a camp at Uranquinty, in mid-western New South Wales, at what had been a base for the Royal Australian Air Force. There his father Janis taught the children to swim, fearing that they could drown in the many watering holes and dams in the camp. After spending four weeks in hospital due to a case of polio, Konrads swam therapeutically to rebuild strength.
His father Janis secured a job in Sydney as a dentist, and the family settled first in Pennant Hills and then Bankstown. Elza enrolled in the University of Sydney's dentistry program, as her qualification from the University of Riga was not recognised, but withdrew due to the demands of raising three children. Konrads and his siblings attended Revesby Primary School, where one of the schoolteachers was Don Talbot. Talbot was an assistant to Frank Guthrie as the Bankstown Swimming Pool. Konrads joined the club in the 1953–1954 season, winning the junior 880yd freestyle. His first national title came in 1956, winning the junior 440yd freestyle. This led to Konrads being selected for the team to attend the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, although as a reserve he did not compete in any form.
Every day, John and his younger sister Ilsa cycled to the Bankstown pool before sunrise, for a two-hour training session, before returning home for breakfast and then attending school. After school, they would cycle back to the pool and repeat the training regimen. In 1958, the results of his training began to materialise, when he started to win his first national titles and break his first world records. In Sydney in January, in the space of eight days, he broke world records in the 200 m, 220yd, 400 m, 440yd, 800 m and 800yd, for a total of six world records. He set another eight in February and March, including a 1500 m and 1650yd world record, and proceeded to win the 220yd, 440yd and 1650yd freestyle at the Australian Championships. At the 1958 Empire Games in Cardiff, he won the 440yd and 1650yd and then combined with John Devitt, Gary Chapman and Brian Wilkinson to claim the 4x220yd freestyle. In 1959 he broke six world records in the same six events as he did in January the previous year, and was the first person to sweep the freestyle events from 110yd to 1650yd at the Australian Championships, winning the Helms Award. He decided in conjunction with Talbot to concentrate on the 400 m and 1500 m events for the Olympics, and in 1960, at the Australian championships, set world records in the 400 m, 440yd, 1500 m and 1650yd events. He also won the 220yd event in world record time, but it was not an Olympic event at the time.
Rome Olympics and beyond
At the Olympics in Rome, fellow Australian and defending 400 m and 1500 m champion Murray Rose had returned from the United States to compete, and qualified fastest for the 400 m final, although well outside Konrads' mark. Konrads held the lead in the final until the halfway mark, when Rose attacked and Konrads deviated from his raceplan. Rose went on to win in 4 m 18.3s while Konrads was third in 4 m 21.8s, well outside his world record of 4 m 15.9s. In the 1500 m final, Konrads qualified second as Rose set an Olympic record in the final. Although George Breen of the United States had attacked early, Konrads stuck to his raceplan and overhauled him to win in an Olympic record time of 17 m 19.6s, with Rose second. In the 4x200 m freestyle relay, Konrads combined with Devitt, Rose and David Dickson to claim a bronze medal behind the United States and Japan. In Olympic training at the Tobruk Pool, Townsville, Queensland, the Australians had broken the world record for this event, but without teammate Jon Henricks, who withdrew due to illness, they were not able to keep pace with the Americans who claimed both the gold and the world record.
After the games, Konrads accepted a swimming scholarship at the University of Southern California, where his performances decreased over time. Upon returning to Australia to qualify for the 1964 Summer Olympics, he managed only qualification for the 4x200 m freestyle relay team. He only swam in the heats, and watched from the stands as another Australian, Bob Windle, claimed his 1500 m title. After retirement, Konrads became a swimming coach, and with his marketing degree from USC, he eventually rose to the Australasian directorship of L'Oréal. He later established a consultancy and advertising firm.
In 1984, Konrads had one of his gold medals (1500-metre freestyle-1960 Rome Olympics) stolen from his Melbourne home. It was found 25 years later after a woman tried to sell it to an American sports enthusiast. The woman purchased that gold medal at a bric-a-brac sale in Brisbane. The returned medal is now on loan for display at the National Sports Museum in Melbourne. In 2011, John Konrads decided to auction his collection of swimming memorabilia, including his medals.
- World record progression 200 metres freestyle
- World record progression 400 metres freestyle
- World record progression 800 metres freestyle
- World record progression 1500 metres freestyle
- World record progression 4 × 100 metres freestyle relay
- World record progression 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay
- Konrads, Ilsa (14–15 August 19232004). "Guiding light at the poolside: Elza Konrads: Modest matriarch of swim stars' family (1904–2004)". The Sydney Morning Herald. Check date values in:
- 7.30 Report – 05/01/2006: Rogers death highlights depression stigma
- John Konrads' stolen medals returned after 24 years – Nicole Jeffery, The Australian, 23 September 2009, accessed 12 December 2009.
- Stolen Olympic medals found in shoe box Mex Cooper, The Age, 22 September 2009, 12 December 2009
- Charles Leski Auctions – The John Konrads Collection
- "John Konrads". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "Konrads, John: Australian Sports Medal". It's an Honour. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Andrews, Malcolm (2000). Australia at the Olympic Games. Sydney, New South Wales: ABC Books. pp. 236–238. ISBN 0-7333-0884-8.
- Howell, Max (1986). Aussie Gold. Albion, Queensland: Brooks Waterloo. pp. 152–156. ISBN 0-86440-680-0.
- Official website
- John Konrads at the Internet Movie Database
- John Konrads interviewed by Four Corners in 1961