John Langton

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This article is about the Chancellor of England. For other persons named John Langton, see John Langton (disambiguation).
John Langton
Bishop of Chichester
See Diocese of Chichester
Appointed 5 April 1305
Term ended 19 July 1337
Predecessor Gilbert of St Leonard
Successor Robert Stratford
Other posts Bishop of Ely-elect
Orders
Consecration 19 September 1305
Personal details
Died 19 July 1337
Denomination Catholic

John Langton (died 1337) was a chancellor of England and Bishop of Chichester.

Life[edit]

Langton was a clerk in the royal chancery, serving as the first Master of the Rolls from May 1286, and became chancellor in 1292.[1] He obtained several ecclesiastical appointments (including as Vicar of St. Mary's Church, Horncastle), but owing to the resistance of Pope Boniface VIII he failed to secure the bishopric of Ely in 1298, although he was supported by King Edward I of England and visited Rome to attain his end.[2] Resigning his office as chancellor in 1302,[1] he was chosen Bishop of Chichester on 5 April 1305, consecrated bishop on 19 September 1305,[3] and again became chancellor shortly after the accession of Edward II in 1307.[4] Langton was one of the ordainers elected in 1310, and it was probably his connection with this body[5] that led to his losing the office of chancellor about this time.[1] He continued, however, to take part in public affairs, mediating between the king and Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in 1318, and attempting to do so between Edward and his rebellious barons in 1321.[5] He died on 19 July 1337.[3] Langton built the chapterhouse at Chichester, and was a benefactor of the University of Oxford.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 85
  2. ^ British History Online Bishops of Ely
  3. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86
  5. ^ a b Buck "Langton, John (d. 1337)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References[edit]

Legal offices
New office Master of the Rolls
1286–1295
Succeeded by
Adam Osgodby
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Burnell
Lord Chancellor
1292–1302
Succeeded by
William Greenfield
Preceded by
Ralph Baldock
Lord Chancellor
1307–1310
Succeeded by
Walter Reynolds
as Keeper of the Great Seal
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John Salmon
Bishop of Ely
Election quashed

1298–1299
Succeeded by
Ralph Walpole
Preceded by
Gilbert of St Leonard
Bishop of Chichester
1305–1337
Succeeded by
Robert Stratford