|Bishop of Chichester|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||5 April 1305|
|Term ended||19 July 1337|
|Predecessor||Gilbert of St Leonard|
|Other posts||Lord Chancellor|
|Consecration||19 September 1305|
|Died||19 July 1337|
Langton was a clerk in the royal chancery, serving as the first Master of the Rolls from May 1286, and became chancellor in 1292. He obtained several ecclesiastical appointments (including as Vicar of St. Mary's Church, Horncastle), but owing to the resistance of Pope Boniface VIII he failed to secure the bishopric of Ely in 1298, although he was supported by King Edward I of England and visited Rome to attain his end. Resigning his office as chancellor in 1302, he was chosen Bishop of Chichester on 5 April 1305, consecrated bishop on 19 September 1305, and again became chancellor shortly after the accession of Edward II in 1307. Langton was one of the ordainers elected in 1310, and it was probably his connection with this body that led to his losing the office of chancellor about this time. He continued, however, to take part in public affairs, mediating between the king and Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster in 1318, and attempting to do so between Edward and his rebellious barons in 1321. He died on 19 July 1337. Langton built the chapterhouse at Chichester, and was a benefactor of the University of Oxford.
- Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 85
- Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops
- Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
- Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86
- Buck "Langton, John" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Buck, M. C. (2004). "Langton, John (d. 1337)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16040. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
|New office||Master of the Rolls
as Keeper of the Great Seal
|Catholic Church titles|
William of Louth
as Bishop of Ely
|Bishop-elect of Ely
Opposed by John Salmon
as Bishop of Ely
Gilbert of St Leonard
|Bishop of Chichester