John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Gower
PC
John Leveson-Gower 1st Earl Gower.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1742–1743
Monarch George II
Prime Minister The Earl of Wilmington
Preceded by The Lord Hervey
Succeeded by The Earl of Cholmondeley
In office
1744–1754
Monarch George II
Prime Minister Hon. Henry Pelham
Preceded by The Earl of Cholmondeley
Succeeded by The Duke of Marlborough
Personal details
Born 10 August 1694 (1694-08-10)
Died 25 December 1754(1754-12-25) (aged 60)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Evelyn Pierrepont
(1691–1729)
(2) Penelope Stonhouse
(d. 1734)
(3) Lady Mary Tufton
(1701–1785)

John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower PC (10 August 1694 – 25 December 1754),[1][2] known as The Baron Gower from 1709 to 1746, was a British Tory politician, one of the first Tories to enter government in the 18th century.

Background[edit]

Gower was a son of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Baron Gower (7 January 1675 – 31 August 1709) and his wife Lady Catherine Manners (19 May 1675 – 7 March 1722).[2] His maternal grandparents were John Manners, 1st Duke of Rutland and Catherine Wriothesley Noel, daughter of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden.[2] He was educated at Adams' Grammar School before entering Christ Church College, Oxford in 1710.[2] He was awarded degree as D.C.L. from the latter university in 1732.

Political career[edit]

Gower served as Lord Privy Seal between 1742 and 1743 and 1744 and 1754. In 1742, he was appointed to the Privy Council, and on 8 July 1746, he was created Viscount Trentham, of Trentham in the County of Stafford, and Earl Gower. In 1739, he became a founding Governor of London's Foundling Hospital.

Family[edit]

Gower married firstly, 13 March 1711 or 1712, Lady Evelyn Pierrepont (6 September 1691 – 26 June 1729), daughter of Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull and his first wife Lady Mary Feilding. Mary was a daughter of William Feilding, 3rd Earl of Denbigh and his wife Mary King. They were parents to eleven children:[2]

Gower married secondly, on 31 October 1733, Penelope Stonhouse (d. 19 August 1734), daughter of Sir John Stonhouse, 7th Baronet, and had issue:[2]

  • Hon. Penelope Leveson-Gower (circa June 1734 – 26 February 1742).

Gower married thirdly, on 16 May 1736, Lady Mary Tufton, daughter of Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet and widow of Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold, and had issue:[3]

  • Hon. Thomas Leveson-Gower (born on 23 August 1738 but known to have died young).
  • Admiral Hon. John Leveson-Gower (11 July 1740 – 28 August 1792), married Frances Boscawen, daughter of Admiral Edward Boscawen.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Record for John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower at www.thepeerage.com
  2. ^ a b c d e f George Edward Cokayne, editor. The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume III, pages 39–40
  3. ^ Charles Mosley, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1065


Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Hervey
Lord Privy Seal
1742–1743
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cholmondeley
Preceded by
The Earl of Cholmondeley
Lord Privy Seal
1744–1754
Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Ferrers
Lord Lieutenant and
Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire

1742–1754
Succeeded by
The Earl Gower
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl Gower
1746–1754
Succeeded by
Granville Leveson-Gower
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Leveson-Gower
Baron Gower
1709–1754
Succeeded by
Granville Leveson-Gower