John Long Routt
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|John Long Routt|
|1st & 7th Governor of the State of Colorado|
1876 – 1879
|Lieutenant||Lafayette Head (1877-1879)
William Story (1891-1893)
|Preceded by||Edward M. McCook
as Territorial Governor of Colorado
Job Adams Cooper (1891)
|Succeeded by||Frederick W. Pitkin (1879)
David H. Waite (1893)
April 25, 1826|
|Died||August 13, 1907
John Long Routt (April 25, 1826 - August 13, 1907) was a U.S. Republican political figure. Born in Eddyville, Kentucky, he served as the first and seventh Governor of Colorado from 1876 to 1879 and 1891 to 1893. He also served as Mayor of Denver, Colorado from 1883 to 1885. He died in Denver, Colorado.
John Long Routt was born in Eddyville, Kentucky, and moved to Bloomington, Illinois shortly thereafter where he completed his public school education. Upon completion of his studies, he worked as a carpenter prior to entering elected office.
While living in Illinois, he attained his first elected office as Sheriff of McLean County, Illinois. Routt's blossoming public service career was abruptly interrupted by service in the American Civil War, during which acted as a captain in the 94th Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Colorado's last territorial governor
U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed John Routt as the Governor of the Territory of Colorado on March 29, 1875. Statehood had long been Colorado's primary interest. Thomas Patterson and Jerome Chaffee, in House Bill 435, initially provided for the creation of the Colorado state government. Routt's time as Territorial Governor was largely spent deliberating the contents of the Colorado state constitution.
Colorado's first state governor
After Colorado was established as a state, the increasingly popular Routt easily won the gubernatorial election without making a single speech in public. As the first governor, Routt tackled the major issues Colorado was facing at the time, including violence in and around the city of Creede, Colorado, as well as problems dealing with county valuations.
Routt was also very popular among the female citizenry of the state because of his strong support for women's suffrage. At one point, he arranged a speaking tour for popular women's suffragist Susan B. Anthony and personally escorted her around the state. When women in Colorado first became able to vote in 1893, his wife, Eliza, became the first woman to register to vote in Colorado history.
Following his first two terms as Governor of Colorado, Routt entered the private sector, but re-entered public service again to serve as the Mayor of Denver, Colorado from 1883 to 1885. After unsuccessfully running for the United States Senate, Routt ran successfully for the governorship again in 1891, and served as Colorado's seventh Governor until 1893. His third term was marked by a high level of disagreement within the Republicans in Colorado's state government.
- History of Colorado
- Law and Government of Colorado
- List of Governors of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- Territory of Colorado
- Lohse, Joyce B. "First Governor, First Lady: John and Eliza Routt of Colorado" ISBN 0-86541-063-1
- The Governors of Colorado @ Colorado.gov
- John Long Routt at Find a Grave
Edward M. McCook
(last territory governor)
|Governors of Colorado
Frederick Walker Pitkin
|Mayor of Denver
Joseph E. Bates
Job Adams Cooper
|Governors of Colorado
Davis Hanson Waite