John Lyng

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Lyng
John Lyng.jpg
Prime Minister of Norway
In office
28 August 1963 – 25 September 1963
Monarch Olav V
Preceded by Einar Gerhardsen
Succeeded by Einar Gerhardsen
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 October 1965 – 22 May 1970
Prime Minister Per Borten
Preceded by Halvard Lange
Succeeded by Svenn Stray
Personal details
Born John Johan Daniel Fürstenberg Lyng
22 August 1905
Trondheim
Died 18 January 1978(1978-01-18) (aged 72)
Bærum
Nationality Norwegian
Political party Conservative Party
Profession Lawyer
Religion Church of Norway

About this sound John Daniel Lyng  (22 August 1905 – 18 January 1978) was a Norwegian politician from the Conservative Party. He was Prime Minister of Norway from 28 August to 25 September 1963 in a coalition government consisting of the Conservative, Centre, Christian Democratic, and Liberal parties. It was the first government in 28 years that was not headed by the Norwegian Labor Party.

Lyng was born in Trondheim, and graduated with the cand.jur. degree in 1927, and later studied in Copenhagen and Heidelberg. Before and after World War II he worked as a lawyer and a judge.[1]

During the war he joined the Norwegian resistance movement against the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. He raised the mountain cabin Skardøla in Sylene, about 50 metres from the Norway-Sweden border. The cabin was used as an outpost by resistance fighters such as Odd Sørli, Johnny Pevik and Nils Uhlin Hansen.[2] Lyng had to flee the country. He worked in the Norwegian legation in Stockholm's law office from 1943 to 1944, then in the Norwegian government administration-in-exile in London until 1945.[1]

He was originally a member of the Liberal Left Party, heading the local party chapter from 1934 to 1935. He was a member of the executive committee of Trondheim city council from 1934 to 1940 and in 1945. In 1945 he had changed to the Conservative Party, heading the party chapter in Trondheim until 1947. Lyng was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from the Market towns of Sør-Trøndelag and Nord-Trøndelag counties in 1945, and was re-elected in 1953. He was then out of parliament for one term, before being elected again in 1958 and 1961, this time from Akershus. From 1955 to 1959 he was a member of Skien city council.

His brief stint as Prime Minister came in August 1963 after the two representatives from the Socialist People's Party (SF) joined a slim 76-74 no confidence vote against the cabinet Gerhardsen following the Kings Bay Affair, a series of mining accidents at Ny Ålesund. Lyng quickly realised that between them, the non-socialist parties were only one seat short of a majority in the Storting, and that if they banded together, they would be able to form a government as long as the SF abstained. He quickly pulled together a coalition which took office on 28 August. The socialist vote of no confidence was merely a protest and demonstration, and the Labour cabinet was restored a month later after the SF threw its support back to Labor. While Lyng was Prime Minister Ebba Haslund took his seat in parliament.

Although the cabinet Lyng only lasted a month, it proved that the non-socialist parties were capable of forming a government. Following the 1965 elections the non-socialist parties won a majority with Per Borten as Prime Minister, and John Lyng as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He was replaced by Svenn Stray in 1970.

Lyng held the post of County Governor of Oslo and Akershus from 1964 to 1965. He is also remembered for pursuing Norwegian membership in the EEC.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "John Lyng" (in Norwegian). Stortinget.no. 
  2. ^ Lyng, John (1972). Brytningsår (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. pp. 60–61. ISBN 82-02-02579-6. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Prime Minister of Norway
August 1963–September 1963
Succeeded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by
Halvard Manthey Lange
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1965–1970
Succeeded by
Svenn Stray
Preceded by
Trygve Lie
County Governor of Oslo and Akershus
1964–1965
Succeeded by
Petter Mørch Koren