John Miles (racing driver)
|Born||14 June 1943|
|Formula One World Championship career|
|Races||15 (12 starts)|
|First race||1969 French Grand Prix|
|Last race||1970 Italian Grand Prix|
The Hon. John Miles (born June 14, 1943 in London) is a British former racing driver from England. He participated in 15 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, making his debut on July 6, 1969, in the Lotus 63 4-wheel drive F1 car for which he was the official Team Lotus test driver. He scored a total of 2 championship points with a fifth place in the 1970 South African Grand Prix.
In 1963/64, Miles was the overall champion of the Autosport Veedol Sports and Saloon Championship, with 15 outright wins from 17 races, driving the Lotus Elan Sports Car .
In 1969, Miles had to develop the Lotus 63 4WD car while World Champion Graham Hill and Jochen Rindt refused to drive this design, considering it a death trap. In five GPs, Miles finished only once, in 10th place. In between, the car was given twice to Mario Andretti, but he did not finish either.
After Graham Hill had broken his legs in late 1969, he did not return to Team Lotus, driving Lotus cars for Rob Walker Racing Team instead. Miles was promoted to number two Lotus F1 driver behind Jochen Rindt for the 1970 Formula One season. In the 1970 South African Grand Prix, where a total of five Lotus cars were entered he finished fifth in a Lotus 49, with Hill behind him. Miles had driven most of the race with petrol leaking over him, but Colin Chapman, expressed dissatisfaction, he had not taken Beltoise for 4th. For the Spanish GP, the new Lotus 72 was entered, but Miles failed to qualify for the race which Rindt had to abandon early. Due to the problems which the 72, the updated Lotus 49C was used in Monaco, with Miles driving a few practice laps in the 72, and failing to qualify in the 49C. Graham Hill was slower in practice ,but had a guaranteed grid place as a past World Champion, and was allocated, Miles' 49C in the race, which was won by Rindt. In Belgium, Miles raced the 72, while Rindt relied on the old 49C, and both had to retire. In Zandvoort, the 72 finally proved to be competitive, with Rindt qualifying on pole and winning, while Miles, qualified and finished 7th in the race, losing a a points finish, after John Surtees passed him after a long duel, Regazzoni and Piers Courage passed Miles in the opening laps, Courage notorious for over driving was killed a few laps later. In France, Rindt won again in the 72 despite an injury, while Miles finished outside the points once again, although on the same lap as his team leader. By now, it was evident that Miles was thoroughly overshadowed by his team leader who would win five races and earn the F1 World Championship that year.
For the British GP, Lotus cars founder and Team Lotus principal Colin Chapman started to enter a third car with Emerson Fittipaldi. With the reliable 49C, the young Brazilian finished his first three GPs while Miles had to retire from each race. Miles qualified 7th at Brands, 1.2 sec slower than Ridnt. with Rindt winning them all.With the three car team, John Miles car did not get the same attention, as Chapman obviously saw Fittipaldi as the future, as his old Lotus finished 8th and 4th in the British and German races, while Miles suffered mechanical failures at both races and had blown three Cosworth V8s during the practice sessions. During the Hockenheim practice sessions, John Miles spent many laps, providing slipsteam tow to enable, Fittipaldi to qualify, Ridn't said "a monkey could have won in the car(72)" and told John Miles who qualified tenth, two seconds behind Ridnt, that he was mystfied than John didn't drive faster, as two seconds slower, was no safer in Jochen's view. Which may have been true in a Lotus 72 as Miles turned in an identical practice performance, at the next race in Austria, where on a high speed lethal circuit, Miles found himself without steering on the 4th lap. Matters came to a head at the Italian GP. Chapman ordered Miles to follow Rindt in running a new Lotus 72 without front and rear wings in order to take advantage of the Monza circuit's long straights and fast, low-downforce corners. Miles reluctantly complied but was concerned by the wingless 72's handling on the straights. His teammate Rindt was killed when one of the brake shafts on his new Type 72 failed and his car veered off the track, ploughing into the steel barrier that was placed too high for the revolutionary wedge design of the 72. Rindt, who had only recently acquiesced to wearing a simple lap belt, slid underneath and had his throat cut by the belt buckle. That was too much for Miles, who was widely regarded as too cerebral and sensitive to fit Chapman's idea of a race driver, and he left the team. The team skipped the next race in Canada, and at Watkins Glen, Reine Wisell drove the second Lotus car, while Fittipaldi won, thereby securing both championships for Lotus. John Miles was signed for BRM for 1971,mainly as a test driver and raced in two non championship rounds at Brands Hatch and Hockenheim in the BRM and in 1972 finished his serious racing career with a highly succesful season in 2 litre sports cars
A qualified mechanical engineer, Miles later made a name for himself working for Lotus's road car division. He wrote a column, Miles Behind The Wheel, for Autocar magazine, giving his road impressions of sportier cars.
Miles is the son of the actor Bernard Miles.
In 1985 Miles founded 'Miles Music', a jazz recording company, with Peter Watts. In 1996 their release of the CD Tamburello by Peter King won the BT Jazz CD of the year award, it was inspired by the death of Ayrton Senna.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
|1969||Gold Leaf Team Lotus||Lotus 63||Cosworth V8||RSA||ESP||MON||NED||FRA
|1970||Gold Leaf Team Lotus||Lotus 49C||Cosworth V8||RSA
- Jenkins, Richard. "The World Championship drivers - Where are they now?". OldRacingCars.com. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
- Max Mosley and Robin Herd the March team founders, considered Piers Courage the most likely driver to be killed in the 1970 season- ref Champion Year, Ted Simon.
- Autosport, Mark Hughes on Pete King
- Miles Music, History