John Montagu, 5th Earl of Sandwich

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The Right Honourable

The Earl of Sandwich

PC
Sandwich-Carrots-Gillray.jpeg
In Sandwich-Carrots!—dainty Sandwich-Carrots (1796), James Gillray caricatured Lord Sandwich slipping money into the pocket of an attractive carrot-seller, said to be one of his usual amusements.
Master of the Buckhounds
In office
1783–1806
Monarch George III
Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded by The Earl of Jersey
Succeeded by The Earl of Albemarle
Personal details
Born 26 January 1744
Died 6 June 1814
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Elizabeth Montague-Dunk (d. 1768)
(2) Lady Mary Powlett

John Montagu, 5th Earl of Sandwich PC (26 January 1744 – 6 June 1814), styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke until in 1792, was a British peer and Tory politician.

Background and education[edit]

Montagu was the eldest son of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, by the Honourable Dorothy Fane, third surviving daughter of Charles Fane, 1st Viscount Fane. He was educated at Eton. In 1761, at the age of 17, he joined the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards as a Captain.

Political career[edit]

In 1765, Hinchingbrooke entered Parliament as Tory Member of Parliament (although he supported the Fox-North Coalition of 1783) for Brackley, a seat he held until 1768,[1] and then represented Huntingdonshire from 1768 to 1792, when he succeeded his father in the earldom.[2] He served as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household from 1771[3] to 1782, as Master of the Buckhounds from 1783 to 1806 and as Joint Postmaster General from 1807 to 1814. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1771.[3]

Family[edit]

Lord Sandwich married firstly his distant cousin Lady Elizabeth Montague-Dunk, only daughter of George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, 8 March 1766. Lady Elizabeth died in 1768 and Sandwich married Lady Mary Powlett, daughter and co-heir of Admiral Harry Powlett or Paulet, 6th and last Duke of Bolton. Lord Sandwich lived and was a rural landowner at Hinchingbrooke House today in north Cambridgeshire and held other farming interests. His eldest child, John George Montagu, by his first wife died in 1790. Lord Sandwich died in June 1814, aged 70, and was succeeded by his eldest son by his second wife, George. Lord Sandwich's illegitimate son William Augustus Montagu rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy.[4] William is thought to be named after his uncle, William Augustus, who died at Lisbon in 1776.

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Marshe Dickinson
Robert Wood
Member of Parliament for Brackley
1765 – 1768
With: Robert Wood
Succeeded by
Robert Wood
William Egerton
Preceded by
The Lord Carysfort
Robert Bernard
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
1768 – 1792
With: The Earl Ludlow
Succeeded by
The Earl Ludlow
Lancelot Brown
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Robinson
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1771–1782
Succeeded by
Viscount Chewton
Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
Master of the Buckhounds
1783–1806
Succeeded by
The Earl of Albemarle
Preceded by
The Earl of Carysfort
The Earl of Buckinghamshire
Joint Postmaster General
(with the Earl of Chichester)

1807–1814
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Clancarty
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Montagu
Earl of Sandwich
1792 – 1814
Succeeded by
George Montagu