John Moore (Australian politician)

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The Honourable
John Moore
AO
AndrewPeacock.jpg
John Moore (right) in 1999
46th Minister for Defence
In office
21 October 1998 – 30 January 2001
Preceded by Ian McLachlan
Succeeded by Peter Reith
Vice-President of the Executive Council
In office
11 March 1996 – 21 October 1998
Preceded by Gary Johns
Succeeded by David Kemp
Minister for Industry, Science and Tourism
In office
11 March 1996 – 21 October 1998
Preceded by Peter Cook
Succeeded by Nick Minchin
Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs
In office
3 November 1980 – 20 April 1981
Preceded by Sir Victor Garland
Succeeded by Neil Brown
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Ryan
In office
13 December 1975 – 5 February 2001
Preceded by Nigel Drury
Succeeded by Leonie Short
Personal details
Born John Colinton Moore
(1936-11-16) 16 November 1936 (age 77)
Rockhampton, Queensland
Political party Liberal Party of Australia
Alma mater University of Queensland
[1][2]

John Colinton Moore AO (born 16 November 1936) is a former Australian politician. He was a Liberal member of the House of Representatives for over 25 years, serving between 1975 and 2001. Moore was also a minister in the Fraser and Howard governments.

Background and early career[edit]

Moore was born in Rockhampton, Queensland. He was raised on a cattle station west of Bowen. His early education was through the Australian correspondence system used for isolated families. He finished his secondary education at The Southport School, an Anglican boarding school for boys, before entering the University of Queensland and graduating with a Bachelor of Commerce with additional study in Accounting.

Before he entered politics, Moore had a very successful career as a businessman and stock broker. He spent four years (1960–1963) with A.R. Walker & Co. before forming his own brokerage (John Moore & Company) in 1964. He was a member of the Brisbane Stock Exchange[3] from 1961 until 1974. He grew his firm into the largest single trader business in Queensland, opening offices in regional centers there and in New South Wales. He also held directorship or board membership in a number of Australian companies, such as Brandt Limited and Phillips. He was a board member of the Australian subsidiary of some multinational investment firms including Merrill Lynch and Citigroup.[3][4] Moore was appointed to the Council of The Australian National University in 1971, and served as a Councillor until 1976.[2]

Moore became a member of the Liberal Party in 1964, and by 1966 was serving in its state Executive Committee in Queensland. He was President of the Queensland Party twice; from 1973 to 1976 and again from 1984 to 1990. By party rules this also made him a member of the Federal Executive Committee (FEC) of the party. Indeed, he served on the FEC in one role or another for almost thirty years.[2]

Political career[edit]

Moore was elected to the House of Representatives for the Division of Ryan in Brisbane at the 1975 federal election. His first ministerial office was during the fourth Fraser government, when he was Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs from 1980 to 1982.[2] He was forced to resign from this portfolio when it was shown that fellow minister Michael MacKellar had brought a television into Australia without paying customs duty and that Moore as the minister responsible for Customs had failed to adequately respond to a report of the incident.[5]

While the Labor governments of Hawke and Keating were in power 1983–1996, Moore served in the opposition's Shadow Cabinet for several key ministries including Finance, Industry and Commerce, and Communications.[2]

In March 1996 Moore was appointed to the Cabinet in the new Howard Coalition government, as Minister for Industry, Science and Tourism and Vice-President of the Executive Council. In this position Moore had a major role in shaping new government policies affecting the motor vehicle and pharmaceutical industries. In cooperation with industrial leaders, he created a long range policy package, "Investing for Growth."[citation needed]

In 1996, Moore came close to being forced to resign a ministry for the second time in his career, when it was discovered that his share holdings included significant investments that could potentially create a conflict of interest with his ministerial portfolio. These investments breached the Howard's ministerial code of conduct, but Moore was allowed to stay on.[6]

After the 1998 election, Moore was appointed as Minister for Defence. The most significant events during this period were the deployment of forces to East Timor as a part of the U.N. peace-keeping effort and the upgrade and operationalisation of the Collins Class Submarine Fleet. Famously, Moore had a falling out with the Secretary of the Department of Defence, Paul Barratt, resulting in the termination of Barratt's employment contract.[7][8] Moore's most lasting legacy[according to whom?] within the Australian Defence Force was the White Paper Defence 2000: Our Future Defence Force, released late in his ministry. Howard said: "The Defence White Paper is the most far-sighted reshaping of Australia's defence capability in a generation. It would not have been possible without John Moore's determination to improve management within Defence and also win new resources for the ADF".[citation needed]

During the course of his second term in government, Howard reorganised Cabinet, and appointed Peter Reith as the Minister for Defence, with effect from 30 January 2001. Moore resigned his seat in Parliament on 5 February 2001.[2] His resignation came at a bad time for the government, and the subsequent Ryan by-election was won by Labor.

Honours[edit]

Moore was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in 2004 for service to the community through the Australian Parliament, to the development of strategic industry policy, and to both policy and management reform in the defence sector.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Howard: Key people". Australia's Prime Ministers. National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Biography for MOORE, the Hon. John Colinton". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "The Hon John Moore AO - Chairman". Get Farming Australia. Get Media. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Company Overview of John Moore & Co". BusinessWeek (Bloomberg). 14 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Bowers, Peter (21 April 1982). "A Government in tatters after the night of the long shredder. Resignations of Michael MacKellar and John Moore over the colour television incident". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 7. ISSN 0312-6315. 
  6. ^ Dowding, Keith M; Lewis, Chris, eds. (2012). Ministerial Careers and Accountability in the Australian Commonwealth Government (e-book). Canberra: ANU Press. pp. 123–4. 
  7. ^ Colvin, Mark; Reynolds, Fiona (31 August 1999). "Barratt sacked" (transcript). PM (ABC Radio) (Australia). Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Colvin, Mark; Reynolds, Fiona (10 March 2000). "Barrett loses appeal against dismissal" (transcript). PM (ABC Radio) (Australia). Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "MOORE, John Colinton: Officer of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. 26 January 2004. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Victor Garland
Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs
1980–82
Succeeded by
Neil Brown
Preceded by
Peter Cook
Minister for Industry, Science and Tourism
Minister for Industry, Science and Technology

1996–98
Succeeded by
Nick Minchin
Preceded by
Gary Johns
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1996–98
Succeeded by
David Kemp
Preceded by
Ian McLachlan
Minister for Defence
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Peter Reith
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Nigel Drury
Member for Ryan
1975–2001
Succeeded by
Leonie Short