John Moors Cabot

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John Moors Cabot
Born December 11, 1901
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.[1]
Died February 24, 1981 (age 79)
U.S.
Education Harvard University (1923)
Occupation Diplomat, U.S. Ambassador
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Lewis (m. 1932)
Children Lewis Cabot[2]
Parents Godfrey Lowell Cabot
Maria Moors Cabot

John Moors Cabot (December 11, 1901 – February 24, 1981) was an American diplomat and U.S. Ambassador to four nations during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administration. He also served as Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.[3]

Early life[edit]

Cabot was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His father was Godfrey Lowell Cabot,[1] founder of Cabot Corporation[4] and a philanthropist. His mother was Maria Moors Cabot. Two of his siblings were Thomas Dudley Cabot[5] (b. 1897), businessman and philanthropist, and Eleanor Cabot of the Eleanor Cabot Bradley Estate.[6]

Cabot graduated from Buckingham Browne & Nichols in 1919.[7] He would go on to graduate magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1923, and from Oxford University with a degree in Modern History.[1]

Career[edit]

Cabot was a U.S. Ambassador to Sweden from 1954 to 1957, Colombia from 1957 to 1959, Brazil from 1959 to 1961, and Poland from 1962–1965,[3] during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administration. He was also commissioned to Pakistan during a recess of the Senate, but did not serve under this appointment.[8] From 1953-1954, he also served as Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs.[3] There is a 27 page transcript from an interview of Cabot, discussing the Alliance for Progress, Bay of Pigs invasion, Cold War, foreign policy, and international relations during the Kennedy administration, archived in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum.[9]

In December 1954, Cabot, in his role as U.S. ambassador to Sweden, attended the Nobel banquet and read the acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Literature awarded that year to Ernest Hemingway who was not present due to ill health.[10]

Following his retirement from the U.S. Department of State, he taught at Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and Tufts Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.[1] In 1981, Tuft's John M. and Elizabeth L. Cabot Intercultural Center was named in honor of Cabot and his wife.[11]

Writings[edit]

  • The Racial Conflict in Transylvania: A Discussion of the Conflicting Claims of Rumania and Hungary to Transylvania, the Banat, and the Eastern Section of the Hungarian Plain, 1926

Personal life[edit]

In 1932, he married Elizabeth Lewis. They had four children: John G.L. Cabot, Lewis P. Cabot of the Lewis Cabot Estate, Marjorie (Cabot) Enriquez, and Elizabeth T. (Cabot) van Wentzel.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "John Moore (sic) Cabot is dead at 79; U.S. Ambassador to 5 countries". New York Times. February 25, 1981. Retrieved March 29, 2008. 
  2. ^ "WEDDINGS;Sara R. Snow and Timothy P. Cabot". New York Times. February 11, 1996. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "The Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum Finding Aids: C". Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ "The History of Cabot Corporation". Cabot Corporation. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Thomas Cabot, 98, Capitalist And Philanthropist, Is Dead". New York Times. June 10, 1995. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Town & Country, Volumes 75-76". Town & Country. February 20, 1919. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Giving Programs: Endowment & Spendable Funds". Buckingham Browne & Nichols. Retrieved July 26, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Department History People: JOHN MOORS CABOT(1901-1981)". Bureau of Public Affairs Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  9. ^ "John Moors Cabot Oral History Interview - JFK #1, 1/27/1971". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ernest Hemingway's Banquet Speech". nobelprize.org. December 10, 1954. Retrieved November 30, 2012. 
  11. ^ Miller, Russell (1986). "Light on the Hill, Volume II". Tufts Digital Library. Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
  12. ^ "A Guide to the John Moors Cabot papers, 1929-1980". Tufts Digital Library. 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Edward G. Miller, Jr.
Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs
March 3, 1953 – March 1, 1954
Succeeded by
Henry F. Holland
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
W. Walton Butterworth
United States Ambassador to Sweden
1954-1957
Succeeded by
Francis White (diplomat)
Preceded by
Philip Bonsal
United States Ambassador to Colombia
1957-1959
Succeeded by
Dempster McIntosh
Preceded by
Ellis O. Briggs (1899-1976)
United States Ambassador to Brazil
1959-1961
Succeeded by
Lincoln Gordon
Preceded by
Jacob D. Beam
United States Ambassador to Poland
1962-1965
Succeeded by
John A. Gronouski