John Murray (sheep breeder)
John Murray was the name of noted father (ca.1812–1886) and son (1841–1908) breeders of merino sheep in South Australia. The son is here distinguished as John Murray (jun.) although this was not generally so observed at the time.
John Murray (ca.1812 – 13 September 1886) was a noted breeder of merino sheep of Murray Vale Estate, Mount Crawford, who with his wife Ellen (née Hope) arrived in South Australia from Scotland on the City of Adelaide on 6 September 1841. His brothers Alexander Borthwick Murray (1816–1903) and Pulteney Malcolm Murray (1819–1879) were also sheep breeders. A third brother, William Murray (1819–1901) was a gardener and jam manufacturer.
At the Agricultural Show of 1846 one of his merino rams won first prize. He won a large number of similar awards in the next 40 years. During that time fleece weights increased from 13½ to 20 lb with no drop in quality. His breeding strategy involved maintaining the "purity" of bloodline, with no cross-breeding. His breeding philosophy was to perfect a line of big-framed merino rams with absolutely no wrinkles and strong constitutions, and to achieve this without introducing other strains. This strategy was followed by the family (and to a large extent by other studs in the State, resulting in a "South Australian type") for something like 75 years with excellent results as fashions ebbed and flowed. A gratifying example of the regard in which this type was held in difficult climates was the purchase of 1000 ewes by D. M. Aitkin, a Queenslander who had been brought in as a judge for the 1912 Royal Show, with an option for a further 2000.
Other major South Australian merino breeders J. H. Angas, E. Bowman, F. H. Dutton, C. B. Fisher, G. C. Hawker, A. McFarlane, George Melrose, A. B. Murray, Edward Stirling (father of Edward Charles Stirling), F. Thomas and the firm of Duffield and Porter (later Koonoona Pty. Ltd., finally broke the Murrays' near monopoly on Show prizes by the introduction of genetics from the Peppin line as exampled by the purchase in 1913 of the ram Hercules from Wanganella by Walter Hawker of Anama and M. S. Hawker of North Bungaree.
He was married to Alison (ca.1820 – 9 June 1895 at Brougham Place). Their children included:
- John Murray (1841 – 4 July 1908)
- Helen ( – 24 April 1878 at Mars Hill, Gawler) married James Dawson ( – 14 January 1882) on 27 February 1868
- Esther (ca.1849 – 13 July 1923) married William "Willie" Crozier (ca.1840 – 22 June 1906) of Oaklands and Moorna Station.
- Alexander James "Alick" Murray (ca.1850 – 18 April 1929)
- Alison Hope Murray (ca.1852 – 4 July 1894)
- Thomas Hope Murray (ca.1854 – 29 November 1905) married (1) Margaret Prendergast ( – 24 August 1891) (2) Florence Edith Daw ( – ) on 2 September 1892
- William Albert Murray (31 July 1862 – 3 December 1901)
The four brothers were involved in sheep breeding both independently and cooperatively at studs of their own, following their father's methods. All in addition bred and rode horses and T. H. Murray and W. A. Murray were pioneering breeders of polled Angas cattle at Cappeedee station.
- John Murray: Rhine Park estate (Eden Valley, 10 miles from Mount Pleasant.
- T. Hope Murray: Mount Beevor (8 miles east of Nairne)
- Alick J Murray: Murray Vale, Mount Crawford
- W. A. Murray: Cappeedee station., near Hallett.
John Murray (jun.)
John Murray (1841 – 4 July 1908) was born on board the ship City of Adelaide when his parents were emigrating from Scotland to South Australia, and was brought up at Mount Crawford.
When he married Mary Scott (daughter of Thomas Scott, of "Delorain" near Kersbrook), his father put him in charge of his Rhine Park estate.
He was a very successful breeder of merino sheep, evidenced by the number of prizes and championships won by his sheep at the Royal shows and at exhibitions of other prominent agricultural societies. He was generally recognised as one of the best judges of sheep in the State. He was intimately connected with the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society of South Australia for a great many years, and in 1901 was appointed president, a position which he held for two years. His brother Alick J Murray also served as president of the R.A.& H.S.
He was appointed J.P. in September 1888.
He died after suffering several years' painful illness. Rhine Park passed into the hands of his son J. L. Murray. (On the death of Willie Murray, according to his will, Cappeedee's lease passed to John Murray (jun.)'s son Walter S. Murray and the stock was divided among the other three; Norman Brice took Mount Beevor after the death of Tom Hope Murray and its stock sold off.)
He married Mary Scott (ca.1843 – 13 September 1926) on 25 April 1867. Their children included:
- J. L. Murray ()
- (James) Elliott Murray () engaged to Valerie Anne Purves in 1946
- Walter S(cott) Murray (ca.1881 – 21 November 1952) married Ines Kate Goddard on 19 May 1904.
- Edith Alison ( – 5 February 1940) married Alex James McDonald ( – 11 November 1937), manager of Canowie Station, on 30 May 1901
- Elizabeth Rosina Murray ( – 10 September 1941)
- Helen Murray ( – 16 October 1941)
- Mary Murray ( – ) married George Burlingham on 17 September 1919
- "Monday, March 29, 1886.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 29 March 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Advertising.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 14 September 1886. p. 8. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Big Deal in Sheep". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 21 September 1912. p. 6. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- "Farm and Station". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 1 July 1939. p. 27. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- "Death of Mr. W. A. Murray". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 4 December 1901. p. 6. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Angas Bull". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 25 September 1889. p. 4. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Personal". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 6 July 1908. p. 6. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Mount Beevor Sheep". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 2 March 1907. p. 9. Retrieved 6 September 2012.