John Murray (theologian)
October 14, 1898|
|Died||May 8, 1975(aged 76)|
|Notable work||Redemption Accomplished and Applied, Imputation of Adam's Sin|
|Tradition or movement||Reformed, Presbyterian|
John Murray (14 October 1898 – 8 May 1975) was a Scottish-born Calvinist theologian who taught at Princeton Seminary and then left to help found Westminster Theological Seminary, where he taught for many years.
Murray was born in the croft of Badbea, near Bonar Bridge, in Sutherland county, Scotland. Following service in the British Army in the First World War (during which he lost an eye, serving in the famous Black Watch regiment) he studied at the University of Glasgow. Following his acceptance as a theological student of the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland he pursued further studies at Princeton Theological Seminary under J. Gresham Machen and Geerhardus Vos, but broke with the Free Presbyterian Church in 1930 over that Church's treatment of the Chesley, Ontario congregation. He taught at Princeton for a year and then lectured in systematic theology at Westminster Theological Seminary to generations of students from 1930 to 1966, and was an early trustee of the Banner of Truth Trust. Besides the material in the four-volume Collected Writings, his primary published works are a commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (previously included in the New International Commentary on the New Testament series but now superseded by Douglas J. Moo's commentary), Redemption Accomplished and Applied, Principles of Conduct, The Imputation of Adam's Sin, Baptism, and Divorce.
Murray preached at Chesley and Lochalsh from time to time until his retirement from Westminster Theological Seminary in 1968. He married Valerie Knowlton 7 December 1967 and retired to Scotland where he was connected with the Free Church of Scotland. Writing after a communion season at Lochalsh, Murray said, “I think I feel most at home here and at Chesley of all the places I visit.” There had been some consideration that upon leaving the seminary, Murray might take a pastorate in the newly formed Presbyterian Reformed Church, but the infirmity of his aged sisters at the home place necessitated his return to Ross-shire, Scotland.
- The Life of John Murray: Professor of Systematic Theology, Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1937-1966 by Iain Murray, (1984), ISBN 0-85151-422-7, ISBN 0-85151-426-X
- The Collected Writings of John Murray, 4 volumes, Edinburgh, Banner of Truth Trust, 1982, ISBN 0-85151-396-4
- Free audio lectures and sermons in mp3 format from ThirdMill.org
- "The Atonement"
- "The Reformed Faith and Arminianism" (Part 1) (Part 2) (Part 3)
- "Arminianism and the Atonement"
- "Irresistible Grace"
- "Law and Grace"
- "The Covenant of Grace"
- "The Sovereignty of God"
- "Calvin on the Sovereignty of God"
- "Calvin, Dordt and Westminster on Predestination"
- "The Adamic Administration"
- "From Faith to Faith"
- "The Mode of Baptism" (PDF)
- "Pictures of Christ"
- "Definitive Sanctification"
- "The Weak and the Strong"
- "Tradition: Romish and Protestant"
- "Preaching: at Chesley Canada"