John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer

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John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer
Snape Castle.jpg
Snape Castle, seat of the Barons Latimer
Spouse(s) Dorothy de Vere
Elizabeth Musgrave
Katherine Parr

Issue

John Neville, 4th Baron Latimer
Margaret Neville
Noble family House of Neville
Father Richard Neville, 2nd Baron Latimer
Mother Anne Stafford
Born 17 November 1493
Died 2 March 1543

John Neville, 3rd Baron Latimer (17 November 1493 – 2 March 1543) was an English peer. His third wife was Katherine Parr, later Queen consort of King Henry VIII.

Family[edit]

John Neville, born 17 November 1493, was the eldest son of Richard Neville, 2nd Baron Latimer, by Anne Stafford, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford of Grafton, Worcestershire, and Katherine Fray (12 May 1482), the daughter of Sir John Fray, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, by Agnes Danvers (d. June 1478), the daughter of Sir John Danvers (died c.1448). He had five brothers and six sisters:[1]

  • William Neville (15 July 1497 – c.1545), author of The Castell of Pleasure, who married, before 1 April 1529, Elizabeth Greville, the daughter of Sir Giles Greville, by whom he had a son, Richard Neville of Penwyn and Wyke Sapie, Worcestershire, and two daughters, Mary and Susan.[2] After the death without male issue of John Neville, 4th Baron Latimer, William's son, Richard Neville (d. 27 May 1590), wrongfully assumed the title of Baron Latimer.[3]
  • Sir Thomas Neville of Piggotts Hall in Ardleigh, Essex, who married Mary Teye, the daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Teye, by whom he had a son, Thomas.[4]
  • Marmaduke Neville of Marks Tey, who married Elizabeth Teye, the daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Teye, by whom he had a son, Christopher, who died young, and a daughter, Alianore, who married Thomas Teye, esquire, of Layer de la Haye, Essex.[4]
  • Christopher Neville.[4]
  • Elizabeth Neville (born 28 April 1500), who married, before 1531, Sir Christopher Danby (c.1505 – 14 June 1571), of Farnley, North Yorkshire, only son of Sir Christopher Danby (d. 17 March 1518) and Margaret Scrope, daughter of Thomas Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Masham (d.1475). They had six sons, Sir Thomas Danby, Christopher Danby, John Danby, James Danby, Marmaduke Danby and William Danby, and eight daughters, Dorothy, who married Sir John Neville; Mary; Joan, who married Roger Meynell, esquire; Margaret, who married Christopher Hopton, esquire; Anne, who married Sir Walter Calverley; Elizabeth, who married Thomas Wentworth, esquire; Magdalen, who married Marmaduke Wyvill; and Margery, who married Christopher Mallory, esquire.[8] Anne Danby and Sir Walter Calverley were the grandparents of Walter Calverley (d.1605), whose murder of his children is dramatized in A Yorkshire Tragedy, attributed on the title page to William Shakespeare.[9] It seems likely that Anne's brother, William Danby, was the William Danby who served as coroner at the inquest into the death of Christopher Marlowe in 1593.
  • Katherine Neville.[4]
  • Susan Neville (1501 – c.1560), who married the rebel Richard Norton (d. 9 April 1585), esquire, the eldest son of John Norton (d. 1557) by Anne Radcliffe (d. before 1557).[10]
  • Joan Neville.[4]

After the death of Anne Stafford, Neville's father, by licence dated 5 July 1502, married secondly, Margaret (d. 16 December 1521), the widow of Sir James Strangways.[11]

Career[edit]

The Neville family was one of the oldest and most powerful in the North, with a long-standing tradition of military service and a reputation for seeking power at the cost of the loyalty to the crown as shown by the Earl of Warwick, John's cousin.[12]

Neville came to court as one of the King's gentlemen-pensioners.[13] In 1513 he served in King Henry VIII's French campaign, and was knighted after the capture of Tournai.[14] He took part about 1517 in the investigation of the case of the Holy Maid of Leominster.[13] He was knight of the shire (MP) for Yorkshire in 1529, his fellow knight of the shire being his cousin, Sir Marmaduke Constable, the son of his mother's sister, Joyce Stafford, and Sir Marmaduke Constable.[15]

Neville's father died before the end of 1530. Neville was appointed to the Council of the North in that year, and signed the letter petitioning Pope Clement VII to grant Henry VIII a divorce from Catherine of Aragon.[14] He had livery of his lands on 17 March 1531. He lived chiefly at Snape Castle, Yorkshire, but sometimes at Wyke in Worcestershire.

In 1536 he was implicated in the Pilgrimage of Grace, in an ambivalent role. It was rumoured that he was captured by the rebels, and he afterwards said of the part he had played: "My being among them was a very painful and dangerous time to me". He represented the insurgents, however, in November 1536 at the conferences with the royal leaders, and helped to secure the amnesty.

He then returned home and took no part in the Bigod rising of the following year. He did have to give up his town house in the churchyard of the Charterhouse to a friend of Lord Russell. He died 2 March 1543 in London, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.

Marriages and issue[edit]

Neville married firstly, by 1520, Dorothy (d. 7 February 1527), daughter of Sir George de Vere by Margaret Stafford, and sister of John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, by whom he had a son and a daughter:[16]

  • Margaret Neville (1525[21]-1546), was betrothed to Ralph Bigod. She died at age twenty-one with no children.[12]

Neville married secondly, by licence dated 20 June 1528, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Musgrave of Hartley, Westmorland, and Edenhall, Cumberland, by whom he had no issue.[16]

Neville married thirdly, in the summer of 1534, Katherine (1512–1548), daughter of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal, Westmorland, and widow of Sir Edward Borough (d. 1533), son of Thomas Burgh, 1st Baron Burgh. She afterwards became the sixth wife of King Henry VIII.[16]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 119–20; Richardson III 2011, pp. 3–4; Macnamara 1895, pp. 101, 102, 144, 150.
  2. ^ Edwards 2004; Burke 1866, p. 398.
  3. ^ Cokayne 1929, p. 486.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Burke 1866, p. 398.
  5. ^ Ford 2004; Burke 1866, p. 398.
  6. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 336–8; Richardson II 2011, p. 269; Burke 1866, p. 398.
  7. ^ Gouws 2004.
  8. ^ Richardson IV 2011, pp. 12–13; Burke 1866, p. 398.
  9. ^ Burlinson 2004; Lowe 2004.
  10. ^ Hicks 2004; Burke 1866, p. 398.
  11. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 119.
  12. ^ a b Linda Porter. Katherine, the Queen. Macmillan, 2010.
  13. ^ a b Archbold, p. 271.
  14. ^ a b Bindoff 1982, p. 9.
  15. ^ Bindoff 1982, p. 9; Richardson I 2011, pp. 119, 528–9.
  16. ^ a b c Cokayne 1929, p. 483; Dockray 2004.
  17. ^ Linda Porter. Katherine, the Queen, Macmillian, 2010. pg 65. *At the time of his father's marriage to Catherine Parr in 1543, Neville was 14 yrs old.
  18. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1363.
  19. ^ Cokayne 1929, p. 484.
  20. ^ History of Village of Well, North Yorkshire, St. Michael's
  21. ^ Linda Porter. Katherine, the Queen, MacMillan, 2010. pg 66. *At the time of her father's marriage to Catherine Parr in 1543, Margaret was aged 9.

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Neville, John (1490?-1543)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

External links[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Neville
Baron Latimer
1531–1543
Succeeded by
John Neville