John Nunn

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This article is about the chess player. For the Olympic rower, see John Nunn (rower). For the racewalker, see John Nunn (athlete). For RAF officer, see John Nunn (RAF officer).
John Nunn
JohnNunn10 (A).jpg
Full name John Denis Martin Nunn
Country England
Born (1955-04-25) 25 April 1955 (age 59)
Title Grandmaster (2 titles)
World Champion Problem Solving 2004, 2007, 2010
FIDE rating 2602 (July 2014) (last active 2006)
Peak rating 2630 (January 1995)

John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician. He is one of England's strongest chess players and once was in the world's top ten.

Career[edit]

As a junior, he showed a prodigious talent for the game and in 1967, at twelve years of age, he won the British under-14 Championship. At fourteen, he was London Under-18 Champion for the 1969/70 season[1] and less than a year later, at just fifteen years of age, he proceeded to Oriel College, Oxford, to study mathematics. At the time, he was Oxford's youngest undergraduate since Cardinal Wolsey in 1520.[2] Graduating in 1973, he went on to gain his doctorate in 1978 with a thesis on finite H-spaces, and remained at Oxford University as a mathematics lecturer until 1981, when he became a professional chess player.

In 1975, he became the European Junior Champion. He gained the Grandmaster title in 1978 and was British champion in 1979. Nunn has twice won individual gold medals at Chess Olympiads. In 1989, he finished sixth in the inaugural 'World Cup', a series of tournaments in which the top 25 players in the world competed. His best performance in the World Chess Championship cycle came in 1987, when he lost a playoff match against Lajos Portisch for a place in the Candidates Tournament. He won the prestigious Hoogovens tournament (held annually in Wijk aan Zee) in 1982, 1990 and 1991.

He achieved his highest Elo rating of 2630 in January 1995. Six years earlier, in January 1989, his then rating of 2620 was high enough to elevate him into the world's top ten, where he shared ninth place. This was close to the peak of the English chess boom and there were two English players above him on the list; Nigel Short (world number three, 2650) and Jonathan Speelman (world number five, 2640). Nunn has now retired from serious tournament play and has not played a FIDE rated game since August 2006;[3] however, he has been active in the ECF rapid play.[4]

As well as being a strong player, Nunn is regarded as one of the best contemporary authors of chess books. He has penned many books, including Secrets of Grandmaster Chess which won the British Chess Federation Book of the Year award in 1988 and John Nunn's Best Games which took the award in 1995. He is the director of chess publishers Gambit Publications. Chess historian Edward Winter has written of him:[5]

A polymath, Nunn has written authoritative monographs on openings, endings and compositions, as well as annotated games collections and autobiographical volumes. As an annotator he is equally at home presenting lucid prose descriptions for the relative novice and analysis of extreme depth for the expert.

In a 2010 interview,[6] Magnus Carlsen, explaining why he thought extreme intelligence could actually prove to be a hindrance to one's chess career, cited as an example Nunn's never having captured the World Chess Championship title:

He has so incredibly much in his head. Simply too much. His enormous powers of understanding and his constant thirst for knowledge distracted him from chess.

Nunn is also involved with chess problems, composing several examples and solving as part of the British team on several occasions. On this subject he wrote Solving in Style (1985). He won the World Chess Solving Championship in Halkidiki, Greece, in September 2004 and also made his final GM norm in problem solving; he won the World Championship again in 2007[7] and in 2010.[8] He is the third person ever to gain both over-the-board and solving GM titles (the others being Jonathan Mestel and Ram Soffer; Bojan Vučković has been the fourth since 2008).

Since the mid-1990s, Nunn has been engaged in data mining from chess endgame tablebases. The products of this work include the books Secrets Of Rook Endings, Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings, and Secrets Of Pawnless Endings. These books include human-usable endgame strategies found by Nunn (and others) by extensive experimentation with tablebases, and new editions have come out and are due as more tablebases are created and tablebases are more deeply data-mined. Nunn is thus (as of 2004) the foremost data miner of chess endgame tablebases. This work corresponds to the endgame part of the work of Berlekamp, Conway et al. in dots-and-boxes, Hex and other games.

He is married to Petra Fink-Nunn, a German chess player with the title Woman FIDE Master. They have a son, Michael.

Notable games[edit]

Books[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Chess Magazine – March 1970, p. 66. London Championships 1969/70, held at Islington Green Secondary School (29 December 1969 – 3 January 1970)
  2. ^ James, Jeremy and Barden, Leonard (1979). The Master Game. BBC. p. 23. ISBN 0-563-17437-4. 
  3. ^ http://ratings.fide.com/id.phtml?event=400017
  4. ^ Player profile from ECF
  5. ^ Edward Winter, Chess Note 4218. Retrieved on 2009-01-19.
  6. ^ [1]. Retrieved 2013-01-22.
  7. ^ John Nunn wins World Chess Problem Solving Championship, ChessBase News, 3 November 2007
  8. ^ John Nunn wins World Problem Solving Championship, ChessBase News, 3 November 2010

External links[edit]