John Ogdon

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John Andrew Howard Ogdon (27 January 1937 – 1 August 1989) was an English pianist and composer.

Biography[edit]

Career[edit]

Ogdon was born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, and attended Manchester Grammar School, before studying at the Royal Northern College of Music (formerly, The Royal Manchester College of Music) between 1953 and 1957, where his fellow students under Richard Hall included Harrison Birtwistle, Alexander Goehr, Elgar Howarth and Peter Maxwell Davies. Together they formed New Music Manchester, a group dedicated to the performances of serial and other modern works. His tutor there was Claud Biggs. As a boy he had studied with Iso Elinson and after leaving college, he further studied with Gordon Green, Denis Matthews, Dame Myra Hess, and Egon Petri—the latter in Basel, Switzerland.

He won first prize at the London Liszt Competition in 1961 and consolidated his growing international reputation by winning another first prize at the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow in 1962, jointly with Vladimir Ashkenazy.

John Ogdon was able to play most pieces at sight and had committed a huge range of pieces to memory. He wanted to record the complete piano works of Sergei Rachmaninoff (which constitute about 6-full length CDs), but only recorded about half of them,[1] and those recordings were released in 2001. He recorded all ten Scriabin sonatas early in his career. Ogdon was also a formidable exponent of the works of Alkan and Busoni. In more familiar repertoire, he revealed deep musical sensibilities, always buttressed by a colossal technique. He also recorded a number of duo-piano works with his wife, Brenda Lucas (aka Brenda Lucas Ogdon).[2]

On 2 February 1969, on British television, he gave the first modern performance of Edward Elgar's Concert Allegro, Op. 46. The piece was never published and the manuscript had long been believed lost, but it came to light in 1968. Ogdon and Diana McVeigh developed a performing version of the piece from Elgar's manuscript, which was full of corrections, crossings out and additions.

His own compositions number more than 200, and include 4 operas, 2 large works for orchestra, 3 cantatas, songs, chamber music, a substantial amount of music for solo piano, and 2 piano concertos, the first of which he recorded. The majority of his music was composed for the piano. These include 50 transcriptions of works by composers as diverse as Stravinsky, Palestrina, Mozart, Satie and Wagner. He also made piano arrangements of songs by Cole Porter, Jerome Kern and George Gershwin. He also wrote sonatas for violin, flute and cello, all unaccompanied. A planned symphony based on the works of Herman Melville, and a comic opera, were left unfinished. The original manuscripts of many of John Ogdon's compositions now reside at the Royal Northern College of Music Library Catalogue.[3]

The breakdown[edit]

Ogdon's health was good, and his physical constitution was strong, as his wife often recalled in her biography. Regarded as a "gentle giant", known and loved for his kindness and generosity, he had tremendous energy. But an everyday business argument seemed to upset him more than expected and then suddenly in 1973 he experienced a severe breakdown. This sometimes changed his personality completely. His illness was initially diagnosed as schizophrenia, but then changed to manic depression (now referred to as bipolar disorder). Either condition may have been inherited from his father, who suffered several psychotic episodes and a mental breakdown.[4] Ogdon spent some time in the Maudsley Hospital in London, and in general needed more nursing than it was possible to provide while touring. Nevertheless, he was reported to maintain three hours' practice a day on the hospital's piano.

In 1983, after emerging from hospital, he played at the opening of the Royal Concert Hall in Nottingham. In 1988 he released a five-disc recording of an interpretation of Sorabji's Opus clavicembalisticum. He died in August 1989 of pneumonia, brought on by undiagnosed diabetes.

The BBC made a film about his life titled Virtuoso, based on his biography written by Brenda Lucas Ogdon. John Ogdon was played by Alfred Molina, who won a Best Actor award from the Royal Television Society for his performance. This production regarded Ogdon's illness as manic depression rather than schizophrenia, as he responded much better to treatment for the former condition. Brenda Ogdon also recalled being informed that his obsessive music work could be a symptom of manic depression.

Books on John Ogdon[edit]

His wife wrote a biography of her life with him in 1981, and then updated it in a second edition in 1989 shortly before his death.[5] Another by Charles Beauclerk was published in March 2014.[4]

Discography[edit]

A reasonably comprehensive discography can be found on the website of the John Ogdon Foundation reproduced from The Gramophone Spring 1998 edition as compiled by Michael Glover. However, a small number of other recordings have since come to light as listed below.

  • Ludwig van Beethoven
    • Piano Sonata No. 32 in C minor, Op. 111
      • Recorded in the BBC studios, London, 5 November 1963[6]
    • Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 5 in E major, Op. 73
      • Recorded with the BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra and Jascha Horenstein[7]
    • 32 Variations on an original theme in C minor, WoO 80[7]
  • Johannes Brahms
    • Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 in B major, Op. 83
      • Recorded in the BBC Studios, Manchester, 16 September 1966 with the Halle Orchestra and Sir John Barbirolli[6]
  • Percy Grainger
    • Transcription of Lullaby from Tribute to Foster
      • Recorded at the 1966 Aldeburgh Festival[8]
    • Shepherd's Hey
      • Recorded at the 1966 Aldeburgh Festival[8]
    • Zanzibar Boat Song
      • Recorded at the 1966 Aldeburgh Festival with Benjamin Britten and Viola Tunnard[8]
  • Franz Liszt
    • Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 in E major, S.124
      • Recorded in the Colston Hall, Bristol, 20 September 1967[10]
    • Mephisto Waltz No. 1 (Der Tanz in der Dorfschenke), S.514
      • Recorded in the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London, 24 April 1969[10]
    • Grande Fantaisie de bravoure sur La Clochette (La campanella) de Paganini, S.420
      • Recorded in the BBC studios, London, 20 January 1970[10]
    • Grande Etude S.137, No.11 (1837 version of Etude d'exécution transcendente S.139, No. 11 Harmonies du soir)
      • Recorded in the BBC studios, London, 20 January 1970[10]
  • Tilo Medek
    • "Battaglia alla Turca" for two pianos, from Mozart's Rondo alla Turca
      • Recorded live in London in 1974 with John Lill[11]
  • Nikolai Medtner
    • Piano Sonata in C minor, Op. 25, No.1 (Fairy Tale)
      • Recorded in 1971 for the BBC[8]
    • Piano Sonata in E minor, Op. 25, No.2 (Night Wind)
      • Recorded in 1972?[12]
  • Igor Stravinsky
    • Sonata for two pianos (1943/1944)
      • Recorded at the 23rd Cheltenham Festival with Brenda Lucas[9]
    • Concerto for two solo pianos (1935)
      • Recorded at the 23rd Cheltenham Festival with Brenda Lucas[9]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Ogdon Foundation: Discography
  2. ^ Brenda Lucas Ogdon website
  3. ^ John Ogdon Foundation: John Ogdon's Compositions
  4. ^ a b Beauclerk, Charles (2014). Piano man. A life of John Ogdon. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-85720-011-9. OCLC 762990291. 
  5. ^ Lucas Ogdon, B. & Keer, M. (2008). Virtuoso. Bury St Edmunds: Arima Publishing.
  6. ^ a b BBC Legends Disc BBCL 4183-2
  7. ^ a b c BBC Legends Disc BBCL 4142-2
  8. ^ a b c d e BBC Legends Programme on Radio 3 presented by Piers Lane circa 2003
  9. ^ a b c John Ogdon Foundation: Fundraising
  10. ^ a b c d BBC Legends Disc BBCL 4089-2
  11. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XF3c4rnXGpk
  12. ^ Information gleaned from The National Sound Archive - recording NP1978R, BBC Radio 3 197251 (May 1, 1972?) (found from a search Ogdon AND Medtner).

External links[edit]