John Ommanney Hopkins

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Sir John Hopkins
Born 13 July 1834
Died 29 September 1916
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1848 - 1899
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Liverpool
HMS Narcissus
HMS Royal Adelaide
HMS Temeraire
North America and West Indies Station
Mediterranean Fleet
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral Sir John Ommanney Hopkins GCB (13 July 1834 – 29 September 1916) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.

Naval career[edit]

Hopkins joined the Royal Navy in 1848.[1] Promoted to Captain in 1867, he commanded successively HMS Liverpool, HMS Narcissus, HMS Royal Adelaide and HMS Temeraire.[1] He became Commander of HMS Excellent, the Gunnery School at Portsmouth, in 1880.[1] In 1881 he became Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty and in 1883 he was made Captain-superintendent of Sheerness Dockyard and then Director of Heavy Ordnance.[1] He went on to be Admiral-superintendent of Portsmouth Dockyard in 1886 and Junior Naval Lord and then Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy in 1888.[1]

He had the distinction in 1893 of parading his brigade of Royal Marines in New York in the first display of British military force in that City since the American Revolutionary War.[2]

Promoted to Vice Admiral in 1891 Hopkins was appointed Commander-in-Chief, North American and West Indies Station later that year [3] before being made Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet in 1897[4] during which tour he hosted a visit to Malta by the Kaisar Wilhelm II.[5] He was a supporter of improvements in gunnery and at this time experimented with a new type of salvo firing.[6] He retired as a full admiral in 1899.[1]

In 1903 he served on the Royal Commission responsible for examining the conduct of the Second Boer War.[7] Hopkins predicted the threat from Zeppelins as the threat of World War I approached and lobbied for investment in aerial defence.[8] He died in 1916.[9]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir William Graham
Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy
1888–1891
Succeeded by
Sir Jackie Fisher
Preceded by
Sir George Watson
Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
1891–1895
Succeeded by
Sir James Erskine
Preceded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
1896–1899
Succeeded by
Sir John Fisher