Reverse of the Medal of Honor awarded to Seaman John Ortega
|Years of service||1863 - 1865|
Seaman John (or Juan) Ortega (born in 1840 in Spain), was the first Hispanic sailor to be awarded the United States' highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor — for having distinguished himself during the South Atlantic Blockade by the Union Naval forces during the American Civil War.
Ortega was assigned to the USS Saratoga during the American Civil War. The USS Saratoga, commissioned in 1843, was the third ship of the United States Navy christened with that same name. It was a sloop-of-war under the command of Commander George Musalas Colvocoresses.
On January 13, 1864, Secretary of the United States Navy Gideon Welles, ordered Commander Colvocoresses and the USS Saratoga to proceed to Charleston, South Carolina, and report to Rear Admiral Dahlgren for duty in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron in what is known as the Union blockade. This was a massive effort by the Union Navy to prevent the passage of trade goods, supplies, and arms to and from the Confederate States.
Ortega was a member of the landing parties from the ship who made several raids in August and September which resulted in the capture of many prisoners and the taking or destruction of substantial quantities of ordnance, ammunition, and supplies. A number of buildings, bridges, and salt works were destroyed during the expedition.
For his actions Seaman John Ortega was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to acting master's mate.
Medal of Honor citation 
- ORTEGA, JOHN
- Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy
- Accredited To: Pennsylvania
- Born: 1840, Spain
- G.O. No.: 45, December 31, 1864
Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Saratoga during actions of that vessel on 2 occasions. Carrying out his duties courageously during these actions, Ortega conducted himself gallantly through both periods. Promoted to acting master's mate.
Awards and decorations 
Ortega's awards and decorations include the following:
See also 
- List of Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M-Z
- Hispanics in the American Civil War
- Hispanics in the United States Navy
- Civil War Medal of Honor citations; Last names starting with "O" through "R", Retrieved November 8, 2007
- "Medal of Honor citation". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "USS Saratoga". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "South Atlantic Blockading Squadron". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Vermont Civil War". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2010.