John P. Stockton
|John Potter Stockton|
|United States Senator
from New Jersey
March 15, 1865 – March 27, 1866
|Preceded by||John C. Ten Eyck|
|Succeeded by||Alexander G. Cattell|
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1875
|Preceded by||Frederick T. Frelinghuysen|
|Succeeded by||Theodore F. Randolph|
August 2, 1826|
Princeton, New Jersey
|Died||January 22, 1900
New York City, New York
Born in Princeton, New Jersey, Stockton was the son of Robert F. Stockton, grandson of Richard Stockton (1764-1828) and the great-grandson of Richard Stockton (1730-1781), both prominent New Jersey politicians. He graduated from Princeton University, then known as the College of New Jersey, where he studied law.
Stockton's first foray into politics was as US Minister to the Papal States (1858–1861). After returning to New Jersey to practice law for four years, he was appointed to the Senate. His first tenure lasted barely a year before he voted against the proposition of the Fourteenth Amendment, which failed to pass the Senate by one vote.
In response, the Senate passed a motion, by a majority of one, to unseat him even though the constitution specified that a two-thirds majority was required to expel a Senator. The inventive response to this was that the Senate was unseating him retroactively, which was claimed to be quite distinct from expulsion.
The outrage caused by this led to New Jersey rescinding its ratification of the Amendment, in protest of his arbitrary removal. He returned to the Senate, this time for a full six-year term, in 1869. Stockton served as New Jersey Attorney General from 1877 to 1897.
- John Potter Stockton at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- John Potter Stockton at The Political Graveyard
- John Potter Stockton at Find a Grave
|United States Senate|
John C. Ten Eyck
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey
Served alongside: William Wright
Alexander G. Cattell
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
Served alongside: Alexander G. Cattell, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Theodore F. Randolph
|New Jersey Attorney General
Samuel H. Grey