John Patrick Higgins

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For other people of the same name, see John Higgins (disambiguation).
John Patrick Higgins
John Patrick Higgins.png
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1935 - September 30, 1937
Preceded by John J. Douglass
Succeeded by Thomas A. Flaherty
Personal details
Alma mater Harvard, Boston University Law School, Northeastern College of Law
Profession Chemist, Attorney, Jurist
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1917-1919
Rank Ensign
Battles/wars World War I

John Patrick Higgins (19 February 1893 – 2 August 1955) was an officer in the United States Navy, chemist, attorney, and U.S. Representative from Massachusetts. John P. Higgins was born in Boston, Massachusetts, where he attended the public schools and graduated from Harvard University in 1917. During the First World War, he served as an Ensign in the United States Navy from 1917 until 1919. Returning to civilian life, Higgins was employed as a chemist from 1919 until 1922. He then resumed his academic studies, enrolling in the Boston University Law School and Northeastern College of Law in 1925 and 1926. He was admitted to the bar in 1927 and commenced practice in Boston.

Entering politics, Higgins was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1929 through 1934. He was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth Congress, was unopposed in his re-election to the Seventy-fifth Congress and served from January 3, 1935 until his resignation on September 30, 1937, having been appointed by Gov. Charles F. Hurley on October 1, 1937 as chief justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court, in which capacity he served until his death in 1955. Appointed in January 1946 by the Justice Department with the approval of President Truman to be the United States judge on the 11 country International Military Tribunal for the Far East at Tokyo, Japan, Judge Higgins resigned in June 1946 to return to his family and his duties as Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court.

During his Congressional career, Congressman Higgins advocated for improved working conditions and benefits in America and against religious persecution in Mexico.

Higgins died in Boston and was interred in St. Joseph Cemetery, West Roxbury, Massachusetts.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John J. Douglass
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th congressional district

January 3, 1935 – September 30, 1937
Succeeded by
Thomas A. Flaherty
Legal offices
Preceded by
Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court
October 1, 1937 – 2 August 1955
Succeeded by
Preceded by
None
judge of the
International Military Tribunal for the Far East

May 3, 1946 – June 1946
Succeeded by
None