Museum of John Paul II Collection
|Museum of John Paul II Collection|
|Location||1 Bank Square
The Museum of John Paul II Collection (Polish: Muzeum Kolekcji im. Jana Pawła II I) in Warsaw, also known as the Porczyński Gallery or Carroll-Porczyński Collection, is a museum dedicated to its painting collection, which is housed in the building of the former stock exchange and National Bank. It is considered one of the finest collections of European art in Warsaw. The collection includes around 400 exhibits mainly Old Masters and the Impressionists along with some copies of masterpieces of European painting.
Zbigniew and Janina Porczyński having been amassing the collection since 1981. In the first three years, the couple concentrated on adding paintings with biblical themes but later portraits and impressionistic works were added. In 1986 the couple transferred about 400 exhibits to the Archdiocese of Warsaw and the Polish nation and created a foundation to supervise the collection. The first part of the collection was displayed publicly on 5 November 1987 at the Museum of the Warsaw archdiocese (Muzeum Archidiecezji Warszawskiej) at Solec Street. The second part was displayed from 14 September to 30 December 1988.
In 1989 the beneficiaries of the foundation, the Primate of Poland and the Polish Arts and Culture Ministry, decided to create a museum to provide a permanent display of the collection. The city of Warsaw provided the collection with a permanent home in a building designed by Antonio Corazzi in 1825 - the former stock exchange rebuilt after the Second World War destruction.
Since 1987 various art experts put in doubt the authenticity of many important works in the collection. The Polish art historians Mieczysław Morka and Waldemar Łysiak contributed several times to this criticism. A painting signed by Alfred Sisley (River landscape) is a forgery by Tom Keating.
Apart from forgery allegations and unclear financing of the foundation by the public sector, some other activities of the foundation were criticised (the organization of commercial events in the museum premises).
The collection is displayed in eight rooms and arranged thematically: Impressionists, mythology and allegory, portraits and self-portraits (in the two-story hall "Rotunda"), mothers and children, effigies of the Madonna and Child, biblical themes, still lifes and landscapes (in the gallery) and a room dedicated to the monumental painting Baptism of Lithuania (1889) by Wojciech Gerson.
The majority of the collection consists of works by British, Dutch, Early Netherlandish, Flemish, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Swiss Old Masters, their pupils and followers. Among the artists represented are Paris Bordone, Cornelis van Haarlem, José de Ribera, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Vincent van Gogh and a significant collection of paintings by Swiss painter Fritz Zuber-Bühler.
- Neal Bedford (2008). Poland. Lonely Planet. p. 94. ISBN 17-41044-79-0.
- Mark Salter, Jonathan Bousfield (2002). Poland. Rough Guides. pp. 105–106. ISBN 18-58288-49-5.
- "History". www.muzeummalarstwa.pl. Retrieved 23 January 2013. "In 1986, Janina and Zbigniew Carroll-Porczynski donated a rich collection of Western European art, amounting to almost 400 paintings and sculptures which had been assembled over many years, to the Church and the Nation. (...) From its very beginning until the present time, the Museum was and is maintained from funds donated to Fundacja Arteks."
- Mieczysław Morka (1999). Kolekcja im. Jana Pawła II, Kompromitacja kościoła i państwa. Agencja Wydawnicza Il Libro. pp. 105–106. ISBN 83-87761-17-6.
- Bronisław Tumiłowicz. "Sztuka i bezprawie". Przegląd 35/2003. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- One of the most valuable and undisputed paintings in the collection, originally in the collection of Galerie Nichido in Tokyo. Janusz Miliszkiewicz, Mieczysław Morka, Andrzej Borkowski (1993). Kolekcja Porczyńskich-genialne oszustwo?. Polska Oficyna Wydawnicza "BGW". p. 244. ISBN 83-70665-48-9.
- Waldemar Łysiak (2004). Rzeczpospolita klamcow Salon. Wydawnictwo Nobilis. p. 324. ISBN 83-91761-25-8.
- Łukasz Radwan. "Pralnia płócien". Wprost 3/2006 (1206). Retrieved 23 January 2013. "W Muzeum Kolekcji im. Jana Pawła II (Fundacja Janiny i Zbigniewa Porczyńskich) znajduje się np. falsyfikat "Pejzażu rzecznego" Toma Keatinga, który muzeum eksponowało jako arcydzieło Alfreda Sisleya. Tyle że wcześniej Keating na oczach widzów w programie telewizyjnym przyznał się do fałszerstwa."
Media related to Porczyński Gallery at Wikimedia Commons