John Pearson (VC)
19 January 1825|
Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire
|Died||18 April 1892
Lion's Head, Bruce County, Ontario, Canada
|Buried at||Eastnor Township Cemetery, Lion's Head|
John Pearson VC (19 January 1825 – 18 April 1892) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth forces.
John Pearson was born 19 January 1825 in Leeds, Yorkshire, England. He married Selina Smart in the General Baptist Church in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England on 6 April 1851. He was aged 25 and was a private in the 8th Hussars, living in the barracks in Trowbridge, the son of Stephen Pearson, a gardener. Selina Smart is shown as age 20, a spinster, a feeder by profession, living on Stallard Street, daughter of Edward Smart, a spinner.
On 17 June 1858 at Gwalior, India, Pearson - together with Sergeant Joseph Ward, Farrier George Hollis and Captain Clement Walker Heneage - was in a charge made by a squadron of the 8th Hussars. His citation reads:
Selected for the Victoria Cross by their companions in the gallant charge made by a squadron of the Regiment at Gwalior, on the 17th of June, 1858, when, supported by a division of the Bombay Horse Artillery, and Her Majesty's 95th Regiment, they routed the enemy, who were advancing against Brigadier Smith's position, charged through the rebel camp into two batteries, capturing and bringing into their camp two of the enemy's guns, under a heavy and converging fire from the Fort and Town. (Field Force Orders by Major-General Sir Hugh Henry Rose, G.C.B., Commanding Central India Field Force, dated Camp, Gwalior, 28th June, 1858.
He later achieved the rank of sergeant with the 19th Hussars and was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. He died on 18 April 1892 in Lion's Head, Eastnor Township, Bruce County, Ontario after emigrating to Canada.
His VC was auctioned by Morton & Eden Ltd of London on 23 November 2004 and is now on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum, London.
- The London Gazette: . 28 January 1859. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
- News Item "John Pearson's Victoria Cross sold at auction"