John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont
John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont, PC, FRS (12 July 1683 – 1 May 1748), known as Sir John Perceval, 5t, from 1691 to 1715, as The Lord Perceval from 1715 to 1722 and as The Viscount Perceval from 1722 to 1733, was an Anglo-Irish politician.
Perceval was born at Burton, County Cork, the second son of Sir John Perceval, 3rd Baronet, and Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet. His father died when he was two, and in 1691, he succeeded his elder brother as fifth Baronet. The following year his mother also died. Perceval was educated at Westminster School, London, and at Magdalen College, Oxford. However, he left university without taking a degree.
In 1703, he was elected to the Irish House of Commons for County Cork, and in 1704 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council. Perceval was again elected for County Cork in 1713. He sat until 1715, when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Perceval, of Burton in the County of Cork, with remainder to the heirs male of his father. In 1722, he was created Viscount Perceval, of Kanturk in the County of Cork, in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to his heirs male. Lord Perceval was elected to the British House of Commons for Harwich in 1727, which constituency he continued to represent until 1734, and was also a Recorder of Harwich from 1728 to 1734. In 1733, he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Egmont in the Peerage of Ireland. However, he rejected the offer of a British peerage three times. Apart from his political career, he was also a Fellow of the Royal Society.
In 1728 he became a member of the committee of Parliament investigating prison conditions. He soon became a close associate of James Oglethorpe, who chaired the committee. In 1730, the two men were among those who formed an association that later became the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America. George II approved a charter for the colony in 1732, making Egmont president of the Georgia Trustees. He and Oglethorpe, working with several other close associates, devised an elaborate plan for settlement of the colony now famously known as the Oglethorpe Plan.
Lord Egmont married Catherine, daughter of Sir Philip Parker, 2nd Baronet, in 1710. They had seven children, three sons and four daughters. Only three of the children reached adulthood.
- Dairy of Viscount Percival (afterwards 1st Earl of Egmont) (3 volumes, HMSO for Historical Manuscripts Commission, 1920–1923).
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1895). "Perceval, John (1683-1748)". Dictionary of National Biography 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Portrait in the National Portrait Gallery
- Sir John Percival papers, also called: The Egmont Papers, 1732-1745.
- Manuscripts of the Earl of Egmont. Diary of Viscount Percival afterwards first Earl of Egmont ...
|Parliament of Ireland|
Sir St John Brodrick
|Member of Parliament for Cork County
With: Thomas Brodrick 1703–1713
Alan Brodrick 1713–1715
St John Brodrick
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Sir Philip Parker, Bt
|Member of Parliament for Harwich
With: Sir Philip Parker, Bt
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation||Earl of Egmont
|Baronetage of Ireland|