John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont

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Rt. Hon. The Earl of Egmont

John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont PC, FRS (25 February 1711 – 4 December 1770) was a British politician, political pamphleteer, and genealogist. He is noted for holding the office of First Lord of the Admiralty.

The son of John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont and Catherine Parker (daughter of Sir Philip Parker, 2nd Baronet of Arwarton), he was baptised at Westminster Palace, London.

Career[edit]

Perceval sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dingle between 1731 and 1749. In April 1748, he was created Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. He served as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1763 to 1766 and sat in the House of Commons for several constituencies.

Enmore Castle[edit]

From 1751 to 1757, he designed and created Enmore Castle, Enmore, Somerset, which received 'the dismissive mockery of Horace Walpole'.[1]

Family[edit]

He was twice married, firstly to Lady Catherine Cecil (d. 1752), and secondly to Catherine Compton, who on his death was created Baroness Arden. There were eight sons and eight daughters. One of his younger sons from the second marriage was Spencer Perceval, later British Prime Minister.

Lord Perceval died 4 December 1770 at Pall Mall, London, aged 59.

Mount Egmont[edit]

Mount Egmont in New Zealand was named after him by James Cook in recognition of his encouragement of Cook's first voyage. Since the 1980s, the mountain has two official names, either Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont, to give equal recognition to its Māori and English names.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Against the Time in Which the Fabric and Use of Gunpowder Shall Be Forgotten: Enmore Castle, Its Origins and Its Architect - Tim Mowl 1990
  2. ^ "Frequently asked questions......". Retrieved 19 March 2010. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Thomas Crosbie
John FitzGerald
Member of Parliament for Dingle
1731–1749
With: John FitzGerald 1731–1741
Robert FitzGerald 1741–1749
Succeeded by
Sir William Fownes, Bt
Robert FitzGerald
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Charles Wager
The Lord Sundon
Member of Parliament for Westminster
17411747
With: Charles Edwin
Succeeded by
Viscount Trentham
Sir Peter Warren
Preceded by
Mansel Powell
Savage Mostyn
Member of Parliament for Weobly
17471754
With: Savage Mostyn
Succeeded by
John Craster
Savage Mostyn
Preceded by
George Bubb Dodington
Robert Balch
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
1754–1762
With: Robert Balch 1754–1761
Edward Southwell 1761–1762
Succeeded by
Viscount Perceval
Edward Southwell
Preceded by
Thomas Lockyer
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Member of Parliament for Ilchester
1761
With: Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Succeeded by
William Wilson
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Robert Hampden-Trevor
Postmaster General
1762–1763
with Robert Hampden-Trevor
Succeeded by
The Lord Hyde
Robert Hampden-Trevor
Preceded by
The Earl of Sandwich
First Lord of the Admiralty
1763–1766
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Saunders
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The Lord Melcombe
Vice-Admiral of Somerset
1766–1770
Vacant
Title next held by
The Duke of Somerset
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Perceval
Earl of Egmont
1748–1770
Succeeded by
John Perceval
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Lovel and Holland
1762–1770
Succeeded by
John Perceval