John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont
John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont PC, FRS (25 February 1711 – 4 December 1770) was a British politician, political pamphleteer, and genealogist. He is noted for holding the office of First Lord of the Admiralty.
Perceval sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dingle between 1731 and 1749. In April 1748, he was created Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. He served as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1763 to 1766 and sat in the House of Commons for several constituencies.
He was twice married, firstly to Lady Catherine Cecil (d. 1752), and secondly to Catherine Compton, who on his death was created Baroness Arden. There were eight sons and eight daughters. One of his younger sons from the second marriage was Spencer Perceval, later British Prime Minister.
Lord Perceval died 4 December 1770 at Pall Mall, London, aged 59.
Mount Egmont in New Zealand was named after him by James Cook in recognition of his encouragement of Cook's first voyage. Since the 1980s, the mountain has two official names, either Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont, to give equal recognition to its Māori and English names.
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