John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham

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General The Right Honourable
The Earl of Chatham
KG PC
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham (1756-1835) by Martin Archer Shee.jpg
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham
Born 9 October 1756
Died 24 September 1835 (aged 78)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1774 - 1812
Rank General
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
Napoleonic Wars
Awards Order of the Garter

General John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, KG, PC (9 October 1756 – 24 September 1835) was a British peer and soldier.

Career[edit]

He was the eldest son of William Pitt the Elder and an elder brother of William Pitt the Younger.[1] He was commissioned into the 47th Regiment of Foot in 1774.[1]

Later he served in various capacities, including First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council, in the Tory cabinets of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.[1] In 1809, during the Napoleonic Wars, he commanded the British force in the Walcheren Campaign.[1] He was Governor of Jersey from 1807 to 1820 and Governor of Gibraltar from 1820 to 1835.[1] The Chatham Counterguard in Gibraltar was named for the Earl of Chatham.[2]

Family[edit]

He married The Hon. Mary Townshend, daughter of the 1st Baron Sydney, on 10 July 1783.[1] He died without issue and the Earldom of Chatham became extinct.

Titles from birth to death[edit]

  • Mr. John Pitt (1756–1761)
  • The Hon. John Pitt (1761–1766)
  • Viscount Pitt (1766–1778)
  • The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Chatham (1778–1789)
  • The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Chatham, PC (1789–1790)
  • The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Chatham, KG, PC (1790–1835)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The Peerage website
  2. ^ "Montagu Bastion, Montagu Counterguard, Montagu Curtain ...". DiscoverGibraltar.com. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Howe
First Lord of the Admiralty
1788 – 1794
Succeeded by
The Earl Spencer
Preceded by
The Earl Spencer
Lord Privy Seal
1794 – 1798
Succeeded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Preceded by
The Earl of Mansfield
Lord President of the Council
1796 – 1801
Succeeded by
The Duke of Portland
Military offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Cornwallis
Master-General of the Ordnance
1801 – 1806
Succeeded by
The Earl of Moira
Preceded by
Lord George Lennox
Governor of Plymouth
1805–1807
Succeeded by
The Viscount Lake
Preceded by
The Earl of Moira
Master-General of the Ordnance
1807 – 1810
Succeeded by
The Lord Mulgrave
Government offices
Preceded by
George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend
Governor of Jersey
1807–1821
Succeeded by
William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford
Preceded by
Sir George Don
(acting)
Governor of Gibraltar
1820–1825
Succeeded by
Sir George Don
(acting)
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Pitt
Earl of Chatham
1778 – 1835
Extinct
Preceded by
Hester Pitt
Baron Chatham
1803 – 1835