John Pope (Kentucky)

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John Pope
AR Pope John.jpg
United States Senator
from Kentucky
In office
March 4, 1807 – March 3, 1813
Preceded by Henry Clay
Succeeded by Jesse Bledsoe
12th Secretary of State of Kentucky
In office
October 21, 1816 – August 2, 1819
Governor Gabriel Slaughter
Preceded by Charles Stewart Todd
Succeeded by Oliver G. Waggener
3rd Territorial Governor of Arkansas
In office
March 9, 1829 – March 9, 1835
President Andrew Jackson
Preceded by George Izard
Succeeded by William S. Fulton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by Benjamin Hardin
Succeeded by William Thomasson
Personal details
Born February 1770
Prince William County, Virginia
Died July 12, 1845 (aged 75)
Springfield, Kentucky
Political party Democratic-Republican (as Senator)
Democratic (as Governor)
Whig (as Representative)

John Pope (February 1770 – July 12, 1845)[1] was a United States Senator from Kentucky, a member of the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky, Secretary of State of Kentucky, and the third Governor of Arkansas Territory.

Biography[edit]

Pope was born in Prince William County, Virginia in 1770. He lost his arm during his youth and was known as "One-Arm Pope". He graduated from William and Mary College, studied law and moved to Springfield, Kentucky where he was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Washington, Shelby, and Fayette County, Kentucky.

Career[edit]

Pope served as the Presidential Elector from Kentucky in 1801, and was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1802. He served in the House again from 1806 to 1807.[2]

Pope was elected as a Jeffersonian Republican to the United States Senate, serving from 1807 to 1813, and served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Eleventh Congress. Pope was Secretary of State of Kentucky from 1816 to 1819, under Governor Gabriel Slaughter.[3]

He served as a member of the Kentucky Senate from 1825 to 1829, and was elected three times as a Whig to the United States House of Representatives serving Kentucky's District 7 between 1837 and 1843.

From 1829 to 1835, he served as the Governor of Arkansas Territory. During his term as governor he arranged for the construction of the Old State House which remains the oldest surviving state capitol west of the Mississippi River.

Family life[edit]

Pope was married to the sister-in-law of President John Quincy Adams. He was also the brother of Nathaniel Pope, a prominent figure in early Illinois Territory, and the uncle to both John Pope, Union General in the Civil War and Daniel Pope Cook, another prominent politician in the early history of the state of Illinois.

Death and legacy[edit]

John Pope died in Springfield, Kentucky, and is buried in the Springfield Cemetery.[4]

Pope County, Arkansas is named for John Pope.[5]

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ encyclopediaofarkansas.net
  2. ^ "Pope, John (1770-1845)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Secretary of State John Pope". Kentucky Secretary of State. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ "John "One-Arm Pope" Pope". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Profile for Pope County, Arkansas, AR". ePodunk. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry Clay
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
1807–1813
Served alongside: Buckner Thruston, Henry Clay, George M. Bibb
Succeeded by
Jesse Bledsoe
Political offices
Preceded by
John Gaillard
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
February 23, 1811 - November 3, 1811
Succeeded by
William H. Crawford
Preceded by
Robert Crittenden
Territorial Governor of Arkansas
1829 - 1835
Succeeded by
William S. Fulton
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Benjamin Hardin
United States Representative (district 7) from Kentucky
1837 - 1843
Succeeded by
William Thomasson