John Quincy Adams Ward
|John Quincy Adams Ward|
|Born||June 29, 1830
|Died||May 1, 1910 (aged 79)|
John Quincy Adams Ward (June 29, 1830 – May 1, 1910) was an American sculptor, who is most familiar for his over-lifesize standing statue of George Washington on the steps of Federal Hall on Wall Street.
He was born in Urbana, Ohio, a city that had been founded by his grandfather Col. William Ward, and went to live with his sister in Brooklyn, New York, where he trained under the well-established sculptor Henry Kirke Brown, who carved "J.Q.A. Ward, asst." on his equestrian monument of George Washington in Union Square. His younger brother was the artist, Edgar Melville Ward. Ward went to Washington in 1857, where he made a name with portrait busts of men in public life. In 1861 he worked for the Ames Manufacturing Company of Chicopee, Massachusetts, providing models for decorative objects including gilt-bronze sword hilts for the Union Army. Ames also was one of the largest brass, bronze and iron foundries in the US.
Ward set up a studio in New York City in 1861 and was elected to the National Academy of Design the following year; he was its president from 1874. In 1882 a new New York studio on 52nd Street Street was designed for him by his friend, Richard Morris Hunt who was to collaborate with him on many projects over the years.
Ward was married three times.
Nineteenth-century American commissions for sculpture were largely confined to portrait busts and monuments, where Ward was preeminent in his generation. Sculptors also made a living selling bronze reductions of their public works; Ward made use of new galvanoplastic duplicating techniques; many of Ward's reductions and galvanoplastic and die-stamped relief panels survive.
Ward was a founder and president of the National Sculpture Society (1893–1904) and president of the National Academy of Design (1874). He was one of the first trustees in 1897 for the American Academy in Rome.
He died in 1910. A copy of his Indian Hunter stands at his gravesite in Urbana, and his Urbana home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. His sketchbooks are conserved at the Albany Institute of History & Art.
- 1864 "Indian Hunter", originally in Central Park, New York City; now in Lakefront Park, Cooperstown, New York
- 1867 "The Good Samaritan" (sculpture), Ether Monument, Boston Public Garden, Boston, Massachusetts
- 1868 "Matthew Perry Monument", Touro Park, Newport, Rhode Island
- 1869 "Seventh Regiment Memorial", Central Park, New York City. The bronze of a standing Union soldier is set on a high granite pedestal along the West Carriage Drive at 69th Street. Actor and dramatist Steele MacKaye, who served in the 7th Regiment, was its model.
- 1878 General George H. Thomas Monument, Thomas Circle, Washington, DC
- 1871 Major General John F. Reynolds Statue, Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
- 1872 William Shakespeare, Central Park, New York City
- 1878 William Gilmore Simms, White Point Garden, Charleston, South Carolina
- 1881 "Victory" (statue), Yorktown Victory Monument, Yorktown, Virginia
- 1881 General Daniel Morgan Monument, Spartanburg, South Carolina
- 1882 George Washington Statue, Federal Hall, New York City
- 1884 "The Pilgrim" (statue), Central Park, New York City
- 1887 James A. Garfield Monument, Capitol Hill, Washington, DC
- 1891 Henry Ward Beecher Monument, Cadman Plaza, Brooklyn, New York
- 1893 Governor Horace Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, St. Johnsbury, Vermont
- 1898 Equestrian statue of General Winfield S. Hancock, Smith Memorial Arch, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- 1903 Integrity Protecting the Works of Man, pediment of the New York Stock Exchange Building, Manhattan, New York City
- 1910 Financier August Belmont, Newport, Rhode Island
- 1916 General Phillip H. Sheridan Statue, East Capitol Park, Albany, New York (installed posthumously)
- Sharp, Lewis I., John Quincy Adams Ward: Dean of American Sculpture, University of Delaware Press, Newark, NJ, 1985 p. 40
- Ames Sword Company history
- "Finding Aid". American Academy in Rome records, 1855-[ca.1981], (bulk dates 1894-1946). Archives of American Art. 2011. Retrieved 17 Jun 2011.
- Ohio Outdoor Sculpture Inventory.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- The bronze is signed J.Q.A. WARD 1869
- "William Shakespeare statue". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. 2007-02-12. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
- Nevius, Michelle and Nevius, James. Inside the Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City. New York: Free Press, 2009. ISBN 141658997X pp.187-188
- Adams, Adeline. J. Q. A. Ward, An Appreciation (New York, 1911)
- Adams, Adeline. John Quincy Adams Ward (New York, 1912)
- Durante, Dianne. Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan: A Historical Guide (New York University Press, 2007): description and discussion of Ward's Washington, Greeley, Holley, Conkling, Dodge, and Shakespeare, all in New York, with a list of Ward's other works in the five boroughs.
- Sharp, Lewis I. John Quincy Adams Ward, dean of American sculpture: with a catalogue raisonné. (Newark: University of Delaware, 1985)
- Sharp, Lewis I. New York City Public Sculpture: By 19th-Century American Artists (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1974) page 12
- Taft, Lorado, History of American Sculpture (New York, 1905)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Quincy Adams Ward.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Ward, John Quincy Adams.|
- Art and the empire city: New York, 1825-1861, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on John Quincy Adams Ward (see index)
- Ohio University, J.Q.A. Ward collection Photographs of his studio, works, friends, etc. Correspondence etc. (pdf file)
- Ohio historical markers
- Albany Institute of History & Art
- Letters to and from John Quincy Adams Ward