John Reynolds (physicist)

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John Hamilton Reynolds
Born (1923-04-03)April 3, 1923
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died November 4, 2000(2000-11-04) (aged 77)
Berkeley, California, United States
Fields Geophysics
Institutions University of Chicago,
University of California, Berkeley
Alma mater Harvard University,
University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor Mark Inghram
Known for Discovery of excess meteoritic 129Xe

John Hamilton Reynolds[1] (April 3, 1923–November 4, 2000) was an American physicist and a specialist in mass spectrometry.[2]

Life[edit]

John H. Reynolds was born (1923-04-03)April 3, 1923 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. He studied first at Harvard University and, after serving in the Navy during World War II, at the University of Chicago. There, he was influenced by his Ph.D. thesis advisor Mark Inghram and by two other famous physicists, Harold Urey and Enrico Fermi. He specialized in mass spectrometry and utilized this method to determine isotope ratios needed for the radiometric dating of geologically and cosmologically relevant samples. In 1950 he was appointed as professor to the University of California, Berkeley where he continued his research on isotope ratios in meteorites, leading to the discovery in 1960 that the Richardton meteorite and other meteorites had an excess of xenon-129,[3][4][5] thought to be a result of the beta decay of iodine-129 in the early solar system.[6] His improvement of potassium-argon dating was adopted by several institutions.[2][7]

Reynolds was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1968. He died of pneumonia on November 4, 2000 in Berkeley, California, USA.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Leonard Medal, Meteoritics 8 (1973), pp. 291–293.
  2. ^ a b c John H. Reynolds, Physics: Berkeley, Bruce A. Bolt, Richard E. Packard, and P. Buford Price, in University of California: In Memoriam, 2000, edited by Micki Conklin, University of California Academic Senate, 2000. Accessed on line October 24, 2007.
  3. ^ J. H. Reynolds (1960). "Isotopic Composition of Primordial Xenon". Physical Review Letters 4 (7): 351–354. Bibcode:1960PhRvL...4..351R. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.4.351. 
  4. ^ J. H. Reynolds (1960). "Determination of the Age of the Elements". Physical Review Letters 4 (1): 8–10. Bibcode:1960PhRvL...4....8R. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.4.8. 
  5. ^ "John Hamilton Reynolds, 77; Improved Study of Cosmic Ages". Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Alan P. Dickin (1997). Radiogenic Isotope Geology. Cambridge University Press. p. 400. ISBN 978-0-521-59891-0. 
  7. ^ Office of the Home Secretary; National Academy of Sciences (2004). Biographical Memoirs. National Academies Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-309-10363-3.