John Ridley Stroop
|John Ridley Stroop|
March 21, 1897|
Rutherford County, Tennessee
|Died||September 1, 1973
|Resting place||Woodlawn Cemetery, Nashville, Tennessee|
|Education||doctorate in psychology|
|Organization||David Lipscomb College|
|Known for||Stroop effect|
|Religion||Churches of Christ|
|Spouse(s)||Zelma Dunn, great niece of Margaret Zellner, wife of David Lipscomb|
John Ridley Stroop (March 21, 1897 – September 1, 1973) was an American psychologist whose research in cognition and interference continues to be considered by some as the gold standard in attentional studies and profound enough to continue to be cited for relevance into the 21st century.
Early life 
Stroop was born in the rural community of Hall's Hill, outside Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee. Of bad health, it was thought his family thought that he was not going to live long so he was spared of the heaviest land work. He was brilliant in his county school, graduating the first of his class. Stroop then began to study at David Lipscomb College (later known as Lipscomb University) in Nashville, Tennessee, an institution where he would later return as a teacher after his university doctoral work. Stroop graduated from college in 1919 and two years later obtained a diploma in this same school. On December 23 of the that year (1921) Jonh Ridley Stroop married Zelma Dunn with whom he had 3 sons. Zelma was the great niece of Margaret Zellner, wife of David Lipscomb.
Academic career 
He developed a color-word task in 1935 to demonstrate interference in attention, and explained some of its psychological characteristics, which were later named the Stroop effect. After producing his dissertation on the color-word task to obtain his PhD from the George Peabody College he left psychology. He returned to Nashville where he became professor of biblical studies at David Lipscomb College for the rest of his academic career.
- MacLeod, Colin M. (July 1991). "John Ridley Stroop: Creator of a landmark cognitive task.". Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne 32 (3): 521–524. doi:10.1037/h0079012.
- MacLeod, Colin M. (March 1992). "The Stroop task: The "gold standard" of attentional measures.". Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (1): 12–14. doi:10.1037/0096-34220.127.116.11.
- "The Stroop color-word test – a review". Citation Classic Commentaries (39). 1981. Text " authorArthur R. Jensen " ignored (help)
- Stroop, John Ridley (1935). "Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions". Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6): 643–662. doi:10.1037/h0054651. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
Further reading 
- Colin M. MacLeod, John Ridley Stroop: Creator of a Landmark Cognitive Task. Biography of John Ridley Stroop.
|This article about a psychologist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|