John Ritchie Findlay
|John Ritchie Findlay|
John Ritchie Findlay
|Born||21 October 1824
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
|Died||16 October 1898
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
|Education||Bathgate Academy, University of Edinburgh|
|Occupation||Journalist, Newspaper Proprietor|
He was born at Arbroath, Angus, son of Peter Findlay and was educated at Edinburgh University. In 1842, following the failure of his father's drapery business, he moved to Edinburgh and joined the publishing office of the newspaper The Scotsman, co-founded and later solely owned by his great-uncle John Ritchie, with whom he initially lived. After a period as a clerk, he moved to the editorial office.
In 1863 he married Susan Leslie.
He became a partner in the paper in 1868, and in 1870 inherited the greater part of the property from his great uncle.
The large increase in the influence and circulation of the paper was in a great measure due to his activity and direction, and it brought him a fortune, which he spent during his lifetime in public benefaction. He presented to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, opened in Edinburgh in 1889, and costing over 70,000 pounds sterling; and he contributed largely to the collections of the National Gallery of Scotland.
He held numerous offices in antiquarian, educational and charitable societies, including:
- The Society of Antiquaries (Secretary)
- Association for the Medical Education of Women (President)
- Edinburgh Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (Founder)
- United Industrial School
- Board of Manufactures (Trustee)
- Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh (Director)
Findlay also undertook a number of practical philanthropic projects under his own direct supervision, the most significant of which were concerned with the provision of 'ideal' workers' housing. In 1889 he built the "Well Court" development in Edinburgh's Dean Village (designed by Sydney Mitchell), followed by the further developments of Hawthorn Buildings and Dean Path Buildings in the same area in 1895 (designed by James Bow Dunn and Findlay's son James Leslie Findlay).
He was buried in the Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh. Other memorials were erected to his memory in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery (memorial by Rowand Anderson incorporating portrait by Sir George Reid and a stained glass portrait medallion in the east staircase again designed by Rowand Anderson and executed by W Graham Boss), a series of memorial windows in St Giles High Kirk in Edinburgh, and a memorial window in Aberlour Parish Church.
His elder son Sir John Ritchie Findlay, and grandson Sir Edmund Findlay followed him as proprietors of The Scotsman. His younger son, James Leslie Findlay became an architect, among whose projects were distinctive new offices and printing works for The Scotsman on North Bridge, Edinburgh. His daughter, Dora Louise Findlay, married Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Backhouse in 1907.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1901
- Smailes, Helen (1985) A Portrait Gallery For Scotland Trustees of the National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
- The Centenary of The Scotsman 1817-1917 J Ritchie & Co, Edinburgh, 1917
- Personal Recollections of Thomas De Quincey Edinburgh, Adam and Charles Black, 1886
- A History of Hatton House Edinburgh, 1875
- Notes on Hatton House, Mid-Lothian, Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.11, 1876
- De Quincey, Thomas, Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed.), 1911.