John Chancellor (British administrator)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from John Robert Chancellor)
Jump to: navigation, search
Chancellor in Palestine, 1931.
Detail

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Robert Chancellor, GCMG, GCVO, GBE, DSO (1870–1952) was a British soldier and colonial official.

Biography[edit]

After a career in the British Army's Corps of Royal Engineers,[1][2] which included service on the North West Frontier[3] and being Secretary of the Colonial Defence Committee,[4] he became a colonial administrator serving as the 20th Governor of Mauritius from 13 Sep 1911[5] to 28 Jan 1916,[6] Trinidad and Tobago (1916[7]–1921) and Southern Rhodesia (1923–1928). He also served as Principal Assistant Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence From 1922–1923.[8]

In 1898 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).[3] In 1909 he was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George.[4] He was knighted in the 1913 King's Birthday Honours when he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG).[9] In the 1922 Dissolution Honours List he was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG).[10] He was appointed a Knight of Justice in the Venerable Order of Saint John on 19 December 1928.[11]

High Commissioner[edit]

In 1928, he became High Commissioner of the British Mandate of Palestine, where he was perceived as being cool to Zionism and the Jewish people.[citation needed] Though he admired some Zionist leaders, in particular Pinchas Rutenberg, in general Chancellor's attitude towards Jews was negative.[12] He wrote to his son that "truly the Jews are an ungrateful race".[12] His attitude towards Arabs was politically supportive but paternalistic; he wrote to his son "they are like children, and very difficult to help".[12]

While he was in London in 1929, Arab riots protesting Jewish immigration broke out. On his return, he initially condemned Arab attacks but was subsequently less critical. He helped write the Lord Passfield's White Paper of 1930, which aimed to reinterpret the Balfour Declaration in order to back away from a commitment to the creation of a Jewish state. He left Palestine in 1931.

In 1931, Jerusalem's Straus Street was renamed Chancellor Avenue in his honor. The street reverted to its original name after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[13][14]

In 1937 he was appointed chairman of the Livestock Commission, which was set up following the passing of the Livestock Industry Act, 1937.[15] In the 1947 King's Birthday Honours he was created a Knight Grand Cross in the Civil Division of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) for services to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.[16]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Cavendish Boyle
Governor of Mauritius
1911–1916
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou Bell
Preceded by
George Le Hunte
Governor of Trinidad and Tobago
1916–1921
Succeeded by
Sir Samuel Herbert Wilson
Preceded by
Percy Donald Leslie Flynn (acting administrator)
Governor of Southern Rhodesia
1923–1928
Succeeded by
Murray Bisset (acting)
Preceded by
Sir Harry Charles Luke (acting)
High Commissioner of Palestine
1928–1931
Succeeded by
Sir Mark Aitchison Young (acting)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26076. p. 4283. 5 August 1890. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26428. p. 4356. 1 August 1893. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  3. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 26968. p. 3166. 20 May 1898. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  4. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28305. p. 8240. 5 November 1909. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28517. p. 5632. 28 July 1911. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  6. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Mauritius.htm
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29516. p. 3065. 21 March 1916. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32598. p. 978. 3 February 1922. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28724. p. 3905. 30 May 1913. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32766. p. 8017. 10 November 1922. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33453. p. 49. 1 January 1929. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  12. ^ a b c Evyatar Friesel (1993). "Through a Peculiar Lens: Zionism and Palestine in British Diaries, 1927-31". Middle Eastern Studies 29: 419–44. doi:10.1080/00263209308700959. 
  13. ^ Katz, D. (1 October 2011). "Pizza, Shnitzel and the Fog of War: Some Impressions of a Recent Visit to Israel". wherewhatwhen.com. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Ronnen, Meir. "The Life and Death of Jaffa Road". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34420. p. 4743. 23 July 1937. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37977. p. 2582. 6 June 1947. Retrieved 14 December 2007.

External links[edit]