John Rodriguez

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John R. Rodriguez
Mayor of Greater Sudbury, Ontario
In office
December 6, 2006 – November 30, 2010
Preceded by David Courtemanche
Succeeded by Marianne Matichuk
Member of Parliament for Nickel Belt
In office
1984–1993
Preceded by Judy Erola
Succeeded by Ray Bonin
Member of Parliament for Nickel Belt
In office
1972–1980
Preceded by Gaetan Serré
Succeeded by Judy Erola
Coniston Town Councillor
In office
1971–1972
President of the Ontario English Catholic Teachers' Association
In office
1968–1969
Preceded by Ruth Willis
Succeeded by John Kuchinak
Personal details
Born February 12, 1937
Georgetown, Guyana
Political party New Democratic Party
Occupation teacher
Religion Roman Catholic

John R. Rodriguez (born February 12, 1937) is a Guyana born Canadian politician. He served as the mayor of Greater Sudbury, Ontario from 2006 to 2010, and previously represented the electoral district of Nickel Belt in the Canadian House of Commons from 1972 to 1980 and from 1984 to 1993 as a member of the New Democratic Party.

Early life and career[edit]

Rodriguez was born in Georgetown, Guyana, and moved to Canada in 1956. He attended Toronto Teachers' College, worked for a time as a teacher in St. Catharines, and moved to Coniston in Northern Ontario in 1962, where he was appointed as principal of St. Paul School. He also attended Laurentian University, and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English and Spanish Literature.[1]

Rodriguez became president of the Ontario English Catholic Teachers' Association in 1968. He led a protest outside Queen's Park in 1969, to urge the provincial government of John Robarts to extend separate school funding to grades 11, 12 and 13.[2] He also served on the Board of Governors of the Ontario Teachers' Federation, and promoted greater cooperation between teachers and organized labour.[3]

Rodriguez joined the New Democratic Party upon its formation in 1961.[4] He ran for mayor of Coniston in 1967, and by his own admission was soundly defeated by the incumbent, Michael Solski.[5] He was elected to the Coniston town council in 1971. When Inco shut down its Coniston operations later in the year and appealed part of its municipal business tax, Rodriguez argued that the company had a moral responsibility to continue paying into a community it had helped to create.[6] He did not seek re-election when Coniston was amalgamated into the new community of Nickel Centre.

Federal politics[edit]

1972 to 1980[edit]

Rodriguez contested the riding of Nickel Belt in the 1972 federal election, and defeated incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) Gaetan Serré of the Liberal Party. The Liberals under Pierre Trudeau won a narrow minority government in this election, and governed for the next two years with unofficial parliamentary support from the NDP. Rodriguez opposed this arrangement, and broke party ranks on two occasions to support non-confidence motions against the government. He became identified with the left-wing of the NDP, and was a vocal advocate of the party's pledge to nationalize Inco, as well as calling for the nationalization of Bell Canada and Canadian Pacific.[7]

In 1973, Rodriguez took part in a study group on Northern Ontario that described the region as a "social, economic and political ghetto" in relation to the rest of the province.[8] In the same year, he led a campaign to allow Chilean refugees to resettle in Canada after the overthrow of Salvador Allende's democratically elected government. He spoke the words, "Vive Allende, vive Chile" at the end of one parliamentary speech.[9]

Rodriguez was re-elected in the 1974 election, in which the Liberals won a majority government. The following year, he participated in efforts to prevent black activist Roosevelt Douglas from being deported from Canada. On one occasion, he recommended Liberal Solicitor-General Warren Allmand to Douglas' supporters as a sympathetic contact in the Trudeau government. It was later discovered that a Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) informer monitored both Allmand and Rodriguez on this matter, even though Allmand was the minister responsible for the RCMP at the time.[10]

Also in 1975, Rodriguez criticized a sexist Canada Post advertisement which showed a man writing a postal code on the bottom of a thonged woman. Postmaster General Bryce Mackasey apologized for the ad.[11]

Rodriguez was one of two MPs who called for the Atomic Energy Control Board to release all its information about the health hazards posed by radiation in Elliot Lake in 1976.[12] The following year, he engaged in a filibuster against an income tax reform package that contained financial benefits for wealthy Canadians. Although filibusters are common practice in some parliamentary assemblies, and later become more common in Canada, this was the first such incident to occur in Canadian House of Commons in several years.[13] Rodriguez spoke on the bill for six hours and ten minutes over a period of two days, setting a contemporary parliamentary record for the time.[14]

In the late 1970s, Rodriguez argued that the federal government should purchase Inco's excess nickel stock to prevent job losses at a time when global prices were low. Prime Minister Trudeau rejected this proposal, arguing that it would depress the market even further.[15] Rodriguez also joined with other Sudbury-area NDP politicians to support the 1978 Inco Strike, arguing that the workers would have faced massive layoffs had they not taken this action.[16]

Rodriguez broke with his party caucus when he opposed the suspension of Progressive Conservative MP Roch LaSalle from the House of Commons in 1978. LaSalle had referred to Finance Minister Jean Chrétien as a liar on three occasions and refused to apologize. The rest of the NDP caucus supported LaSalle's suspension.[17]

Rodriguez was re-elected to a third term in the 1979 federal election, as the Progressive Conservatives under Joe Clark won a minority government. He was appointed as NDP Labour Critic in the parliament that followed.[18]

In late 1979, Rodriguez emerged as the most prominent member of the NDP's "Left Caucus", a successor group of sorts to The Waffle. In a Globe and Mail interview, Rodriguez said that the new group differed from The Waffle in that its ultra-left elements were minor and that it would abide by the results of NDP conventions, even if it did not agree. The Left Caucus was nonetheless opposed by the party leadership which argued that it would hurt the NDP's chances of winning an election.[19] Rodriguez spearheaded the group's only successful motion at the NDP's 1979 convention, protesting a jail sentence handed out to Jean-Claude Parrot of the Canadian Union of Postal Workers.[20]

The Clark government lost a non-confidence motion in late 1979, and Canadians returned to the polls. Rodriguez was defeated in Nickel Belt by Liberal candidate Judy Erola. Some local Progressive Conservatives later indicated that they ran a deliberately weak campaign to consolidate the opposition vote around Erola.[21] Rodriguez criticized the Liberal campaign for portraying him as a borderline Marxist.[22]

After leaving office Rodriguez returned to a high school principal position.[23]

1984 to 1993[edit]

Erola fell to third place in her bid for re-election and Rodriguez was returned to the House of Commons in the 1984 federal election. The Progressive Conservatives won a landslide majority government under Brian Mulroney. Rodriguez was appointed as his party's critic on Unemployment Insurance (UI).[24]

In late 1984, he took part in a series of public forums organized by the NDP on the Mulroney government's job creation record.[25]

Rodriguez served on the Commons Standing Committee on Labour, Employment and Immigration from 1984 to 1988. He was a vocal critic of the Forget Commission's 1986 report on Unemployment Insurance reform, arguing that its reforms would drive Canadian social policy back to the nineteenth century. (One of Forget's recommendations was that persons unemployed for more than a year be forced to live on benefits as low as $40 per week.)[26] Rodriguez later supported a committee report that rejected most of Forget's recommendations and made more generous counter-proposals.[27] In the event, Employment and Immigration Minister Benoit Bouchard rejected both Forget's report and the committee's response, and did not undertake any significant UI reforms during this parliament.[28] Rodriguez also described newly appointed committee chair Claude Lanthier as unfit for the position in late 1987, after Lanthier announced his support for work-for-welfare schemes.[29]

Rodriguez criticized aspects of the Mulroney government's new lobbyist registry in 1988, arguing that it would not adequately cover the leaders of industry associations.[30] He nonetheless acknowledged, two years later, that the registry had changed Ottawa's culture of lobbying for the better.[31] He was skeptical about the FedNor initiative launched in 1988, noting that the northern Ontario agency was created with only limited advisory powers.[32]

Rodriguez was re-elected in the 1988 federal election, as the Mulroney government was returned to office with a second majority government. He was appointed as his party's consumer and corporate affairs critic, and in this capacity became a prominent opponent of the Mulroney government's Goods And Services Tax. He took part in a committee filibuster on the issue with fellow MP Dave Barrett, and tried to have public hearings on the tax held across Canada.[33] Rodriguez was also strongly critical of the severe anti-inflationary policies pursued by Bank of Canada governor John Crow, arguing that the recession of the early 1990s was exacerbated by high interest rates that undermined consumer confidence.[34] He called on the federal government to set credit card interest rates in 1989, after a series of dramatic increases at several major banks.[35]

Rodriguez criticized the Mulroney government's austerity reforms to unemployment insurance in its second term, arguing that the greatest burden of the changes would fall on those who could least afford them.[36] He also opposed the 1991 Bank Act, Trust and Loan Act, on the grounds that it would allow major banks to take over smaller competition.[37] Along with other MPs, he criticized the government's $4.4 billion bailout of Central Guaranty Trust in 1992.[38]

Notwithstanding his criticisms of major banks, Rodriguez spent a week observing the inner workings of the Bank of Nova Scotia in the summer of 1991, as part of an immersion program for MPs arranged through the Parliament, Business and Labour Trust. Scotiabank senior vice-president Geoff Bellew said that most bank leaders were impressed with Rodriguez, who in turn said that the experience expanded his knowledge base. He rejected claims that the program would make him less critical of the banks, joking that it would let him "concentrate his fire".[39]

Rodriguez opposed the 1990 Gulf War, and called for Canada to play a peacekeeping role overseas.[40]

Party affairs, 1989–1993

The NDP's failure to move beyond third-party status in the 1988 election was a disappointment for many in the party. In January 1989, Rodriguez became the first party MP to publicly suggest that party leader Ed Broadbent should considering resigning.[41] He later backed away from this statement, but Broadbent did in fact announce his resignation in early March.[42] Rumours circulated that Rodriguez would run to succeed him as party leader, but he instead gave his support to former British Columbia Premier Dave Barrett.[43] Barrett was defeated by Audrey McLaughlin on the fourth ballot of the party's 1989 convention. Rodriguez ran for party whip in January 1990, but lost to Iain Angus.[44]

The NDP's internal divisions became public in 1993, when Ontario MP Steven Langdon was removed as Finance Critic after criticizing the economic policies of Ontario NDP Premier Bob Rae. Rodriguez said that he admired Langdon's stand, and added that he did not support Rae's decision to cut jobs and spending to fight the provincial deficit. He also accused Rae of alienating the NDP's labour allies, and was particularly critical of proposed social contract legislation that was enacted later in the year.[45] Unlike Langdon, Rodriguez was not sanctioned for his comments.[46]

Rodriguez was defeated in the 1993 federal election by Liberal candidate Raymond Bonin. All Ontario NDP candidates were hurt by the Rae government's unpopularity, and Rodriguez chose to focus on his personal record while de-emphasizing the national campaign.[47] Although he polled better than any Ontario NDP candidate apart from Langdon, he still lost by a significant margin.

Personality

Rodriguez was known as a colourful and outspoken MP, and often provided the media with clever and amusing quips. On one occasion, he described the president of a crown corporation as having the consultative skills of an oyster.[48] On another, he lambasted Brian Mulroney as a "narrow political partisan" before adding "he's just the same as I am".[49]

Out of parliament[edit]

In 1994, Rodriguez called for provincial NDP cabinet minister Shelley Martel to resign for violating the privacy rights of an Ottawa consultant.[50] He endorsed Svend Robinson's bid for the federal NDP leadership the following year, after Audrey McLaughlin's resignation.[51] Robinson led on the first ballot of the party's leadership convention, but gave his support to rival candidate Alexa McDonough when he realized that he did not have enough support to win.

Rodriguez later became principal of St. David Catholic School in the Sudbury area, and was strongly critical of his forced retirement in 2005. "I'm not ready to retire", he said, "and I do resent being discriminated against because of my age".[52] After leaving this position, he was hired as a remunerator with Statistics Canada.[53] He also volunteered for the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario,[54] and received a commemorative medal for the Queen's jubilee in 2003.[55] In 2005, he praised former Liberal Prime Minister Jean Chrétien for his role in supporting Canada in the 1995 Quebec referendum.[56]

Mayor of Greater Sudbury[edit]

Campaign

In July 2006, Rodriguez announced that he would run for mayor of Greater Sudbury in the 2006 municipal election. He received endorsements from prominent local figures, including former mayor Jim Gordon, businessman and former mayoral candidate Paul Marleau, and former city councillor Gerry McIntaggart.[57] One of his pledges was to lobby for Greater Sudbury to receive a share of the corporate taxes paid by mining companies to the federal and provincial governments. He also promised to preserve the distinct character of Greater Sudbury's outlying communities, and criticized what he described as a "culture of entitlement" in some municipal services.[58] His opponents accused him of making unrealistic promises; his pledge to eliminate homelessness was criticized by councillor Janet Gasparini, who applauded the goal but expressed doubts that this "growing national crisis" could be resolved in the short term at the municipal level.[59] Gasparini argued that Rodriguez's plan largely consisted of asking the provincial government to provide more funding, which it refused to do in the past.

On election day, Rodriguez defeated incumbent mayor David Courtemanche by a significant margin.

Initiatives

Rodriguez announced an ambitious "first 100 days" agenda, highlighted by a reiteration of his pledge to seek a portion of federal and provincial mining taxes. He also pledged to create citizen committees that would to oversee a number of municipal projects (including the implementation of Floyd Laughren's report on service improvements), review the city's recreational facilities, move toward the construction of a performing arts centre, pursue economic growth opportunities in the health care sector, and devolve some legislative authority to existing local Community Action Networks. Rodriguez also promised to eliminate the fee on Greater Sudbury's TransCab service, which offers transportation to residents of remote areas not served by Greater Sudbury Transit; this fee was eliminated in the 2007 municipal budget.[60]

Near the beginning of his term, Rodriguez announced that stores in the Greater Sudbury would not be permitted to open on Boxing Day. He introduced a 3-1-1 telephone service in early 2007, making it easier for residents to get information from city hall.[61] He also resolved a long-standing cultural debate in the community by authorizing the Franco-Ontarian flag to be flown at Tom Davies Square.[62] The latter decision was controversial: some praised the mayor for taking decisive action on the matter, while others accused him of isolating other cultural groups in the community. Later in the year, Rodriguez successfully lobbied for the elimination of some local long-distance telephone charges.[63] He signed on to the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board's Community Workplace Health and Safety Charter in 2007, and played a major role in helping Theatre Cambrian find a new location.[64] The Sudbury Star described him as having had a good first year as mayor.[65] He later introduced a fair wage policy, and converted many part-time municipal jobs into full-time positions.[66]

Throughout 2007 and 2008, Rodriguez promoted two major legacy projects for Greater Sudbury: a 1,800-seat performing arts centre, and a large multi-use recreation complex.[67] Member of Provincial Parliament Rick Bartolucci expressed skepticism about the viability of these initiatives,[68] however, and council voted 7-6 against Rodriguez's funding formula in October 2008.[69] Rodriguez acknowledged that the projects would need to be shelved for a while, but indicated that he planned to revisit them in the future.[70]

In May 2009, Rodriguez announced the hiring of Greater Sudbury's first independent auditor.[71] In the same month, he indicated that he would oppose any effort to dump nuclear waste in the Sudbury area.[72] During a discussion on public-private partnerships, Rodriguez said that he favoured continuing Greater Sudbury's policy of hiring contractors for construction and design, but having the municipality own and operate its public assets.[73] In his 2009 State of the City address, he announced that Sudbury would spend $100 million in the next three years on road improvements.[74]

As Mayor of Greater Sudbury, Rodriguez has lobbied for more of the city's wealth to be put toward fields such as research in mining and environmental sciences. He has said, "We have to seize the moment. We don't ever want to go back and be beholden to the big mining companies again."[75] Following a global economic downturn in late 2008 and early 2009, he announced a series of initiatives to combat unemployment in the city. These included offering his support to a job sharing program, wherein workers at risk of being laid off may be kept on the payroll and paid through Employment Insurance.[76]

Provincial politics

In the buildup to the 2007 provincial election, Rodriguez joined with four other Northern Ontario mayors to prepare a pre-election paper that addressed issues of concern to the region, such as infrastructure renewal and water safety. Like his predecessor, Rodriguez argued that he and his colleagues would have more influence by working in a collaborative manner.[77] He later issued a "Report of the Advisory Panel on Municipal Mining Revenues" in 2008, calling on the province of Ontario to use revenue from the provincial mining tax for infrastructure projects in mining communities.[78] During the election campaign itself, Rodriguez attracted controversy by attending the opening of Liberal candidate Ron Dupuis' campaign office in Nickel Belt. Dupuis was the deputy mayor of the city, and Rodriguez's presence led to conflicting claims about whether he was formally endorsing his candidacy. He later clarified that he was not endorsing any candidate.[79]

Controversies and disputes

Greater Sudbury City Council faced controversy in February 2008, when it was revealed that councillors purchased over 100 tickets to an Elton John concert at the Sudbury Arena before sales were opened to the general public. Rodriguez himself purchased 10 tickets.[80] Over 71 of these tickets were returned after a public backlash.[81] Rodriguez said that he followed an established city practice in making the tickets available, though he acknowledged that his decision to offer so many tickets was "rushed and not given sufficient consideration".[82] He also said that he never expected the matter to provoke such opposition.[83] The city council in Kitchener, Elton John's only other Canadian concert date during this tour, faced a similar controversy. The Greater Sudbury council later voted to give up its preferential access to arena events, with Rodriguez casting the deciding vote.[84] In 2009, the Sudbury Star newspaper described the entire matter as a "silly controversy".[85]

Rodriguez entered into a war of words with federal Industry Minister Tony Clement in July 2009, after the minister was interviewed by the Sudbury Star newspaper regarding a strike at Vale Inco's operations in Sudbury. Clement characterized Vale's 2006 takeover of Inco as having saved the company from imminent bankruptcy, and the city of Sudbury from becoming a "valley of death".[86] These remarks were widely criticized; former Inco CEO Scott Hand noted that at the time of the takeover, Inco was in fact a very stable and wealthy company which was the target of one of the most hotly contested bidding wars in recent Canadian business history, and that the company had not made any announcement suggesting that any jobs in the Sudbury area were under threat.[87] Rodriguez made similar points in an open letter to Clement, also noting that Sudbury's economy had diversified from nickel mining. He was quoted as saying, "The most charitable thing I can say is maybe the minister has been misinformed".[88] Clement later backtracked from his original remarks, describing them as a "boneheaded" way of making the point he was trying to get across.[89]

2010 election

Rodriguez sought re-election in the 2010 municipal election.[90] During the campaign, challenger Marianne Matichuk, a relatively unknown political neophyte, attracted attention and support by issuing a daily series of press releases attacking aspects of Rodriguez' mayoral record; by the time Oraclepoll Research released its poll of voter intentions in the mayoral campaign on October 12, Matichuk was in second place with 31.5 per cent support, behind Rodriguez but ahead of longtime city councillor Ted Callaghan.[91] Rodriguez tried during the campaign to portray Matichuk as a Tea Party candidate, accusing her in one debate of basing her campaign on "Sarah Palin mathematics".[92]

On the final weekend before the election, the paper published an article headlined "City misled public about manager's dismissal", alleging that Rodriguez and the incumbent council had deliberately lied to the public about the resignation of Alan Stephen, the former manager of the city's infrastructure and emergency services division, in 2006;[93] however, the incident described in the article was one in which the city appeared to simply have followed its legal obligation to maintain confidentiality around matters involving employee relations. The newspaper subsequently faced criticism for its portrayal of the story and for publishing the story only after it would be too late for Rodriguez or any other member of the city's staff to respond ahead of election day; in an interview on CBC Northern Ontario's Points North following the election, Sudbury Star managing editor Brian MacLeod stated that the paper had received the information in an anonymous brown envelope several days before the story went to print.[94] The Ontario Provincial Police subsequently announced that they were conducting an investigation into the leak.[95]

On election day, Matichuk defeated Rodriguez by a ten-point margin. Rodriguez ultimately attributed his defeat to a "negative, American-style campaign".[96] He announced in November 2012 that he intends to run again in the 2014 election.[97]

Electoral record[edit]

2006 Greater Sudbury municipal election, Mayor of Greater Sudburyedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
John Rodriguez 28,419 51.89
(x)David Courtemanche 16,600 30.31
Lynne Reynolds 8,996 16.42
David Chevrier 429 0.78
Marc Crockford 159 0.29
Ed Pokonzie 92 0.17
David Popescu 76 0.14
Total valid votes 54,771 100.00


Canadian federal election, 1993: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp Expenditures
Liberal Ray Bonin 25,237 57.19 +33.62 $42,807
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 10,197 23.11 -21.62 $52,551
     Reform Janice Weitzel 5,604 12.70 $4,156
     Progressive Conservative Ian Munro 2,395 5.43 -15.32 $4,808
     National Brian Woods 346 0.78 $0
     Natural Law Daniel Jolicoeur 173 0.39 $533
     Non-Affiliated Ernie Ashick 122 0.27 $571
     Abolitionist Cindy A. Burton 53 0.12 $0
Total valid votes 44,127 100.00
Total rejected ballots 329
Turnout 44,456 70.71 -5.47
Electors on the lists 62,869
Source: Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. Financial figures taken from official contributions and expenses provided by Elections Canada.


Canadian federal election, 1988: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp Expenditures
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 17,418 44.73 +6.13 $39,240
Liberal Pierre Legros 9,178 23.57 -5.98 $36,271
     Progressive Conservative Richard Berthiaume 8,080 20.75 -10.45 $35,830
     Confederation of Regions Billie Christiansen 4,066 10.44 $9,695
Rhinoceros Keith J. Claven 202 0.52 -0.13 $330
Total valid votes 38,944 100.00
Total rejected ballots 147
Turnout 39,091 76.18
Electors on the lists 51,312
Note: Percentage change numbers are not factored for redistribution.


Canadian federal election, 1984: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 17,141 38.60 -3.46
     Progressive Conservative Gord Slade 13,857 31.20 +21.00
Liberal Judy Erola 13,124 29.55 -17.97
Rhinoceros Derek Aardvark Orford 288 0.65
Total valid votes 44,410 100.00
Total rejected ballots 250 0.01
Turnout 44,660 79.55 +4.37
Electors on the lists 56,139


Canadian federal election, 1980: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Judy Erola 19,805 47.52 +8.97
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 17,529 42.06 -1.31
     Progressive Conservative Dennis Tappenden 4,250 10.20 -7.63
Marxist–Leninist David Starbuck 89 0.21 -0.04
Total valid votes 41,673 100.00
Total rejected ballots 119
Turnout 41,792 75.18 -1.90
Electors on the lists 55,587


Canadian federal election, 1979: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 17,772 43.37 -6.41
Liberal Judy Erola 15,799 38.55 +0.65
     Progressive Conservative Harwood Nesbitt 7,308 17.83 +5.51
Marxist–Leninist David Starbuck 103 0.25
Total valid votes 40,982 100.00
Total rejected ballots 115
Turnout 41,097 77.08 -0.28
Electors on the lists 53,320
Note: Percentage change numbers are not factored for redistribution.


Canadian federal election, 1974: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 17,668 49.78 +3.75
Liberal Gil Mayer 13,451 37.90 -1.79
     Progressive Conservative Ralph Connor 4,371 12.32 -0.20
Total valid votes 35,490 100.00
Total rejected ballots 97
Turnout 35,587 77.36 -1.65
Electors on the lists 46,001


Canadian federal election, 1972: Nickel Belt
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
     New Democratic Party John Rodriguez 14,033 46.03 +8.46
Liberal Gaetan Serré 12,101 39.69 -5.41
     Progressive Conservative Bernie White 3,817 12.52 -4.81
     Social Credit Donat Breault 534 1.75
Total valid votes 30,485 100.00
Total rejected ballots 4,718
Turnout 35,203 79.01
Electors on the lists 44,556
Note: The number of rejected ballots is not a misprint. Gaetan Serré initially called for these ballots to be reviewed, but withdrew his request on November 14, 1972 after viewing a sample. Source: "Review cancelled", Globe and Mail, 14 November 1972, 8. Source for results: Official Voting Results, Office of the Chief Electoral Officer (Canada), 1972.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor John Rodriguez: City of Greater Sudbury", Mayor's Biography, accessed 21 August 2008.
  2. ^ "Catholic pickets to demand separate schools extension", Toronto Star, 19 March 1969, 40.
  3. ^ Martin Dorrell, "Ontario teachers fear threat to status, reject alliance with labor", Globe and Mail, 27 August 1971, C1.
  4. ^ Hugh Winsor, "NDP leadership contender has new approach to partisan politics", Globe and Mail, 23 November 1989, A3.
  5. ^ Rudy Platiel, "The Sandpipers and the Golden Egg", Globe and Mail, 26 February 1972, A3; Rob O'Flanagan, "Rodriguez takes run at mayoralty", Sudbury Star, 28 July 2006, A3.
  6. ^ Rudy Platiel, "The Sandpipers and the Golden Egg", Globe and Mail, 26 February 1972, A3.
  7. ^ Jeff Simpson, "A hard-liner from a hard land", Globe and Mail, 5 June 1974, 8. Nationalizing Bell Canada was not official NDP policy.
  8. ^ John King, "Northern Ontario described as alienated, ghetto-like area", Globe and Mail, 19 June 1973.
  9. ^ Jeff Simpson, "A hard-liner from a hard land", Globe and Mail, 5 June 1974, 8.
  10. ^ Mary Trueman, "Rodriguez alleged a possible bugging incident", Globe and Mail, 23 February 1978, P8; "Allmand bugged by accident, Blais tells MPs", Globe and Mail, 28 February 1978, P10. See also Robert Sheppard, "Hart: the unsecret secret agent", Globe and Mail, 14 January 1980, P10; Christopher Waddell, "Ottawa pays $56,000 to deported informant who spied on two MPs", Globe and Mail, 5 May 1987, A1.
  11. ^ The advertisement included the line, We're not 'stringing' you along/Use postal codes—you'll 'thing our 'thong'/Don't be cheeky—you've all got 'em/Please include them on the bottom. "MP cites 'sexist' ad, Mackasey apologizes". The Globe and Mail. June 18, 1975. p. A10. 
  12. ^ "Force disclosure, two MPs ask", Globe and Mail, 22 October 1976, 3.
  13. ^ "Rodriguez begins rare Commons filibuster on tax changes", Globe and Mail, 8 February 1977, 10.
  14. ^ "Debate record set, but tax bill passed", Globe and Mail, 15 February 1977, 8.
  15. ^ "Joint union-Government effort could avert Sudbury layoffs, Trudeau feels", Globe and Mail, 14 December 1977, P9.
  16. ^ "Inco uses helicopters in Sudbury as battle over pickets continues", Globe and Mail, 19 September 1978, P8. These politicians issued a press release that included a veiled criticism of former Ontario NDP leader Stephen Lewis, who had questioned the logistics of the strike at a time when Inco had large stockpiles in storage.
  17. ^ Jeffrey Simpson, "Tory MP expelled from Commons for insisting that Chrétien is a liar", Globe and Mail, 17 May 1978, P1.
  18. ^ Mary Trueman, "MP hopes to encourage minorities to enter the mainstream of politics", Globe and Mail, 26 September 1979, P9.
  19. ^ Kirk Makin, "Left Caucus fills Waffle shoes in battling NDP", Globe and Mail, 24 November 1979, P5.
  20. ^ Jeffrey Simpson, "NDP convention finds radicals in left field", Globe and Mail, 26 November 1979, P5.
  21. ^ In return, the Liberals were expected to field a weak campaign for the area in the 1981 provincial election. See Arthur Moses, "Sudbury profile", Globe and Mail, 17 March 1981, 70.
  22. ^ Erola responded that she had never called Rodriguez a Marxist, but acknowledged that her campaign literature had drawn attention to what she described as similarities between his political views and those of the Marxist-Leninist Party. See Mary Trueman, "Bad feeling lingers in defeated MP after Erola rides upset into Cabinet", Globe and Mail, 5 March 1980, P9.
  23. ^ Richard Cleroux, "Erola may be loser as Tories ride trend in Northern Ontario", Globe and Mail, 25 August 1984, P1.
  24. ^ Charlotte Montgomery, "Planned UI rule changes create worry for workers retiring early", Globe and Mail, 12 December 1984, P5.
  25. ^ Barbara Yaffe, "Tories not doing enough to find jobs, says NDP announcing national forums", Globe and Mail, 20 December 1984, P4.
  26. ^ Joel Ruimy, "Weekly benefits of $40 urged for some jobless", Toronto Star, 4 December 1986, A1.
  27. ^ Richard Cleroux, "Bouchard refuses UI report commitment", Globe and Mail, 20 March 1987, A5.
  28. ^ Richard Clereux, "Tory refusal to change UI called waste", Globe and Mail, 16 May 1987, A1.
  29. ^ Richard Clereux, "Work for welfare urged by chief of panel", Globe and Mail, 12 November 1987, A4. See also Susan Delacourt, "House reform gets mixed reviews", Globe and Mail, 30 December 1987, A5.
  30. ^ Shannon Day, "Andre threatens to shelve bill to register lobbyists", Globe and Mail, 27 April 1998, N8; "Lobbyists to register under new federal law", Toronto Star, 26 July 1988, A8.
  31. ^ Larry Welsh, "Lobbyists give up institute plan", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 6 July 1991, B5.
  32. ^ Margo Kelly, "Ottawa sets policy for aid to North", Toronto Star, 10 May 1988, B8.
  33. ^ Alan Freeman, "Blenkarn is labelled GST 'dictator' by NDP", Globe and Mail, 16 February 1990, A12; Linda Diebel, "Filibuster against tax strains MPs' tempers", Toronto Star, 21 March 1990, A1.
  34. ^ Andrea Gordon, "National tax carries risk, Crow says", Globe and Mail, 25 April 1989, B1; Alan Freeman, "Bank wages goad Wilson Minister vows to apply federal restraint guidelines", Globe and Mail, 20 March 1991, B5; Janet McFarland, "Credit card interest slows recovery: CCA", Financial Post, 8 September 1992, 3.
  35. ^ Larry Welsh, "Credit card rates spark renewed fury", Toronto Star, 10 May 1989, F1. Progressive Conservative MP Garth Turner supported Rodriguez in this endeavour.
  36. ^ Susan Delacourt, "Proposed UI reforms assailed as federal hearings commence", Globe and Mail, 6 September 1989, A12.
  37. ^ Shawn McCarthy, "House passes sweeping financial reform", Toronto Star, 10 December 1991, D2.
  38. ^ "MPs to question why trust's rescue cost $4.4 billion", Toronto Star, 21 October 1992, F1.
  39. ^ Drew Fagan, "Getting to know you", Globe and Mail, 14 January 1992, B1.
  40. ^ Rosemary Spiers, "MPs stunned as they hear of U.S. attack", Toronto Star, 17 January 1991, A1.
  41. ^ "First NDP MP calls for Broadbent to resign", Toronto Star, 13 January 1989, A4. The NDP won 43 seats in this election. Although this was a record result for the party, it fell far short of some insiders' expectations.
  42. ^ Susan Delacourt, "Broadbent to reveal intentions in March", Globe and Mail, 16 January 1989, A4.
  43. ^ Stevie Cameron, "Race for the NDP leader's job is wide open", Globe and Mail, 23 March 1989, A5; Tim Harper, "14 MPs back Barrett for NDP", Toronto Star, 28 September 1989, A15.
  44. ^ Tim Harper, "New Democrats eye gains as Liberals race for leadership", Toronto Star, 22 January 1990, A9.
  45. ^ Jonathan Ferguson, "NDP split wide open as Langdon fired", Toronto Star, 30 April 1993, A1.
  46. ^ "Labor hails Langdon for criticism of Rae", Winnipeg Free Press, 5 May 1993.
  47. ^ Thomas Walkom, "Watching a good MP fight his own party", Toronto Star, 4 October 1993, A21.
  48. ^ David Stewart-Patterson, "Politicians still running post office", Globe and Mail, 22 May 1986, A1.
  49. ^ Alan Freeman, "Laughren budget makes fine target", Globe and Mail, 30 May 1991, A6.
  50. ^ William Walker, "Mines Minister Shelley Martel should accept responsibility and ...", Toronto Star, 25 August 1994, A2. It has been suggested that Shelley's father Elie Martel sought and won the federal NDP's nomination for Nickel Belt in the 1997 election at least in part to prevent Rodriguez from returning to parliament for a third time. See Thomas Walkom, "Wake-up call: NDP's high-profile recruits running hard in Ontario to syphon off Liberal strength", Toronto Star, 17 May 1997, D4.
  51. ^ Rodriguez's endorsement is mentioned in Svend Robinson, "Mr. Robinson replies" [letter], Globe and Mail, 16 September 1995, D7.
  52. ^ Rob O'Flanagan, "Don't make me retire, principal pleads: Former MP John Rodriguez says he has lots to offer", Sudbury Star, 23 June 2005, A1. See also "End forced retirement" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 27 June 2005, A10.
  53. ^ Rob O'Flanagan, "Campaign started at Tim Hortons", Sudbury Star, 9 November 2006, A1.
  54. ^ "Heart attack survival rate low", Sudbury Star, 10 February 2000, A3.
  55. ^ Rob O'Flanagan, "Local politicians awarded medals", Sudbury Star, 10 April 2003, B9.
  56. ^ Laura Stradiotto, "Inquiry shouldn't taint his legacy", Sudbury Star, 9 February 2005, A1. The article title refers to Chrétien, not Rodriguez.
  57. ^ [http://www.northernlife.ca/election/electionNews/09-29-06-Rodriguez_support.asp?NLStory=09-29-06-Rodriguez_support "Rodriguez receives high-profile endorsements", Northern Life, September 27, 2006.
  58. ^ He specifically mentioned Greater Sudbury Utilities Inc. (GSU) as having become a municipal boondoggle, and promised to reduce its membership. See Carol Mulligan, "'City needs leadership'", Sudbury Star, 6 October 2006, A3.
  59. ^ "Gasparini questions Rodriguez's stance on homelessness", Northern Life, November 8, 2006.
  60. ^ City of Greater Sudbury press release, March 16, 2007; Jason Thompson, "Mayor drives home agenda for next 100 days", Northern Life, 7 December 2006, accessed 27 August 2008; "City eliminates Trans Cab fees", Sudbury Star, 17 March 2007, A3.
  61. ^ "Sudbury becomes first northern Ont. community to adopt 311 service", Canadian Press, 13 February 2007, 06:53.
  62. ^ "Mayor drives home agenda for next 100 days, Northern Life, December 7, 2006.
  63. ^ Harold Carmichael, "Mayor's question gets Sudbury to top of list", Sudbury Star, 21 December 2007, A3.
  64. ^ "Theatre finds a new home", Sudbury Star, 13 October 2007, B7; "City vows to work more safely", Sudbury Star, 6 December 2007, A5.
  65. ^ "A good year for Rodriguez" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 24 November 2007, A10.
  66. ^ "Putting the horse before the picket" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 7 June 2008, A10.
  67. ^ He acknowledged that the projects would require support from senior levels of government and the private sector to be carried out successfully. See Denis St. Pierre, "Major handouts needed for legacy", Sudbury Star, 28 May 2008, A3.
  68. ^ "Financial scenario remains too fuzzy" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 14 June 2008, A10; "Legacy projects face steep hill" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 27 August 2008, A10.
  69. ^ Denis St. Pierre, "Projects defeated by single vote", Sudbury Star, 22 October 2008, A1. See also Denis S[t. Pierre, "What's next?", Sudbury Star, 25 October 2008, A1.
  70. ^ Denis St. Pierre, "Rodriguez admits legacy projects 'shelved'", Sudbury Star, 11 December 2008, A1.
  71. ^ Denis St. Pierre, "New auditor will have free reign [sic?]", Sudbury Star, 21 May 2009, A1.
  72. ^ Patrick Demers, "No nukes for Sudbury: MPP", Sudbury Star, 22 May 2009, A3.
  73. ^ Denis St. Pierre, "City council warned about privatizing utilities", Sudbury Star, 12 June 2009, A3.
  74. ^ Brian McLeod, "Rodriguez focused on Sudbury's resilience", Sudbury Star, 26 June 2009, A10.
  75. ^ Tony Van Alphen, "Sudbury goes boom, Windsor goes bust", Toronto Star, 17 May 2008, A1.
  76. ^ Angela Scappatura and Denis St. Pierre, "Xstrata workers resigned to layoffs", Sudbury Star, 12 February 2009, A1.
  77. ^ The other mayors were from Timmins, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie and Thunder Bay. See "Northern Ontario mayors to join forces to bring concerns into provincial spotlight", Canadian Press, 9 February 2007, 09:54.
  78. ^ The document was unveiled in Timmins. See Keith Lacey, "Mining communities to seek more financial stability from province", Timmins Daily Press, 6 May 2008, A3.
  79. ^ Rachel Punch, "Dupuis, Rodriguez disagree - sort of", Sudbury Star, 12 September 2007, A3.
  80. ^ "Ticket Gate hits Sudbury over Elton John concert", cbc.ca, February 18, 2008.
  81. ^ "Councillors who jumped queue return some Elton John tickets", cbc.ca, February 27, 2008.
  82. ^ Melissa Leong, "Councillors' ticket perks enrage public", National Post, 21 February 2008, A8; Unnati Gandhi, "Public irate as councillors hop queue for Elton John", Globe and Mail, 1 March 2008, A8.
  83. ^ "Many Elton John tickets that caused uproar returned", Sudbury Star, 27 February 2008, B6.
  84. ^ "Sudbury, Ont., council votes to end ticket perk after Elton John fiasco", Canadian Press - Broadcast Wire, 10 April 2008, 05:21.
  85. ^ "City has an opportunity to win over taxpayers" [editorial], Sudbury Star, 30 June 2009, A10.
  86. ^ "Clement's takeover hangover". The Globe and Mail, July 22, 2009.
  87. ^ "Clement's 'Valley of Death' comments scrutinized in national press". Northern Life, July 22, 2009.
  88. ^ John Rodriguez, "Clement 'disappointingly misinformed'" [letter], Sudbury Star, 22 July 2009, A11; Peter Koven, "Sudbury targeting anger at Clement; Mayor chides minister over 'misinformed' remarks", Vancouver Province, 22 July 2009, A26; Carol Mulligan, "Sudburians up in arms over Clement remarks", Sudbury Star, 23 July 2009, A1.
  89. ^ "Industry minister Clement says comments were 'boneheaded'". Northern Life, July 24, 2009.
  90. ^ Denis St. Pierre, "Unfinished business may keep mayor around", Sudbury Star, 28 October 2008, A3.
  91. ^ "Voters grumbling, but they are not yet ready to revolt". Sudbury Star, October 15, 2010.
  92. ^ (French) "Pas de gel de taxe sous Rodriguez". radio-canada.ca, October 20, 2010.
  93. ^ "City misled public about manager's dismissal". Sudbury Star, October 23, 2010.
  94. ^ Points North, October 26, 2010.
  95. ^ "Matichuk not behind leak". Sudbury Star, November 6, 2010.
  96. ^ "Blames 'American' campaign". Sudbury Star, October 26, 2010.
  97. ^ "John Rodriguez plans to run for Sudbury's top job". CBC News, November 23, 2012.

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