John Rogers (divine)

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Rev. John Rogers
RogersArmsPenroseJpeg.jpg
The arms of the Rogers family of Penrose[1]
Born 1778[2]
Plymouth
Died 1856
Penrose
Education Helston grammar school, Eton College, and Trinity College, Oxford
Occupation Clergyman
Spouse(s) Mary and Grace
Children Five sons and a daughter[2]
Parents Margaret and John Rogers

John Rogers (1778–1856), divine was born at Plymouth on 17 July 1778. He was the eldest son of John Rogers, the M.P. for Penryn and Helston and Margaret, daughter of Francis Basset.[2]

Rogers was educated at Helston grammar school, at Eton College, and at Trinity College, Oxford. He matriculated on 8 April 1797, graduated B.A. as a passman in 1801, and M.A. in 1810. Having been ordained to the curacy of St Blazey, he became rector of Mawnan, the advowson of which belonged to his family, in 1807. In 1820 he was appointed Canon Residentiary of Exeter.

In February 1832 on the death of his father,[1] he succeeded to the Penrose and Helston estates of about ten thousand acres (40 km²), comprising the manors of Penrose, Helston, Carminow, Winnianton, and various other estates in Cornwall, including several mines. The Penrose lands had been acquired in 1770 by his grandfather, Hugh Rogers, and the Helston in 1798 by his father. Rogers resigned his rectory in 1838. He died at Penrose on 12 June 1856, and was buried at Sithney, where there is a monument to him.[2]

Marriage and children[edit]

Rogers married, first, in 1814, Mary, only daughter of John Jope, rector of St Ives and vicar of St Cleer; and, secondly, in 1843, Grace, eldest daughter of G. S. Fursdon of Fursdon, Devonshire; she survived him, and died in 1862.[3] By his first wife Rogers had issue five sons and a daughter. His eldest son, John Jope Rogers (1816–1880), inherited the Penrose Estate[4] and was elected M.P. for Helston from 1859 to 1865.[2] His second son, William, succeeded him as Rector of Mawnan. His third son, Reginald, inherited the Carwinion Estate and developed a fine garden there (now open to the public).[4]

Landlord and scientist[edit]

Rogers was a popular and energetic landlord, and a good botanist and mineralogist. As lord of the Tresavean mine, he took an active part in forwarding the adoption of the first man engine in the UK[2][5] (designed by Michael Loam), the introduction of which in the deep mines, in place of the old perpendicular ladders, proved an important reform[2] - reducing the time for miners to reach the working levels from an hour to just twenty-five minutes, and enabling older, more experienced miners to reach the lowest levels.[6] The installation cost was £2500, and it saved £125 per month in time and labour,[6] as well as improving the safety of the mine.[7] He contributed several papers to the Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall.[2]

Hebrew and Syriac scholar[edit]

He was, however, chiefly distinguished as a Hebrew and Syriac scholar. In 1812, when Frey prepared the edition of the Hebrew Bible published by the newly formed Society for Promoting the Conversion of the Jews, the general supervision of the work was entrusted to Rogers.[2]

Published works[edit]

His own works, in addition to sermons and occasional papers, were:[2]

A few days before his death he completed his last article on ‘Variæ Lectiones of the Hebrew Bible’ for the Journal of Sacred Literature. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, John Burke, 1833, p.299 accessed 14 December 2007
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Marchant, E. C. (1897). "Rogers, John (1778–1856), divine, by E. C. Marchant". Dictionary of National Biography Vol. IL. Smith, Elder & Co. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  3. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine 1862, i. 239
  4. ^ a b Mawnan History Group (2002). The Book of Mawnan: celebrating a South Cornwall parish. Tiverton, Devon: Halsgrove. ISBN 1-84114-148-8.  pp.52-55.
  5. ^ Morrison, T. A. (1983). "38, Tresavean". Cornwall's Central Mines - The Southern District 1810–1895 (1st ed. ed.). Penzance: Alison Hodge. p. 383. ISBN 0-906720-11-7. 
  6. ^ a b Barton, D. B. (1978) [1961]. "III 1800 - 1850 Expansion". A History of Copper Mining in Cornwall and Devon (3rd ed. ed.). Truro: D. Bradford Barton Ltd. p. 62. 
  7. ^ Mitchell, George A; et al. (1849). Annual Report of the Royal Institution of Cornwall for 1848. Truro: Heard and Sons (Digital edition from the Whitney Library, Harvard University). pp. p74. 

External links[edit]

  • Revised DNB article in ODNB: E. C. Marchant, ‘Rogers, John (1778–1856)’, rev. Robert Brown, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [1], accessed 15 Dec 2007, seems little different from the original article.