John Ryan (Dublin artist)

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John Ryan, by Edward McGuire, 1970
Derelict Cottages, by John Ryan
Three Mackerel, by John Ryan
Abbeville, Kinsealy; Currach Laying Lobster Pots over the Stromboli Reef, by John Ryan
A Bash in the Tunnel, ed. John Ryan, James Joyce by the Irish: Samuel Beckett, Patrick Kavanagh, Brian O'Nolan, Ulick O'Connor & Edna O'Brien
Remembering How We Stood, John Ryan, Lilliput Press, 2008

John Ryan (1925–1992) was an Irish artist, broadcaster, publisher, critic, editor, and publican.

Ryan was a well-known man of letters, artist and a key figure in bohemian Dublin of the 1940s and 50s. He was a friend and benefactor to a number of struggling artists and writers in the post-war era, such as Patrick Kavanagh, Anthony Cronin and Brendan Behan. It was often Ryan who brought these disparate characters together, particularly with his founding of Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art. He purchased The Bailey pub in 1957, which became a literary institution. For some he was a sort of 'Dublin prince'.[1] He was involved in numerous literary events and happenings and, with Brian O'Nolan, organised the first ever Bloomsday.

Biography[edit]

Education and family[edit]

John Ryan attended Clongowes Wood College and the National College of Art and Design (NCAD), Dublin. One of the eight children of Séamus Ryan,[2] a member of Seanad Éireann, and his wife Agnes Ryan née Harding who came from Kilfeacle and Solohead respectively in County Tipperary and who were Republican activists during the Irish War of Independence. They opened a shop in Parnell Street, Dublin, in the 1920s which was the first of 36 outlets which were known as 'The Monument Creameries' (after the Parnell monument on that street). His mother was a patron of the painter Jack Yeats amongst others. The family lived at Burton Hall, near Leopardstown Racecourse in the Dublin suburb of Foxrock. Among his siblings were Kathleen Ryan, actress, Fr. Vincent (Séamus) (1930–2005), a Benedictine monk at Glenstal Abbey, Sister Íde of the Convent of The Sacred Heart, Mount Anville Secondary School, Dublin, Oonagh (who married the Irish artist Patrick Swift), Cora who married the politician, Seán Dunne, Teachta Dála. Several of Ryan's children followed him into the arts: son and namesake John Ryan, publisher, actor and journalist; Seamus Ryan, London-based photographer; Anna Ryan, actress.[3]

Artist, editor, writer and broadcaster[edit]

John Ryan studied at the NCAD, but was largely a self-taught painter through a practice of 'careful intelligent observation' combined with 'a genuine and humorous love of land, sea and human tradition' (Hilary Pyle, 'John Ryan exhibition in Cork', The Irish Times, 23 October 1981). He was a regular exhibitor at the Royal Hibernian Academy (RHA) from 1946 onwards, and also showed at the annual Oireachtas and the Irish Exhibition of Living Art (IELA). He designed theatre sets for the Abbey, Gate, Olympia and Gaiety Theatres as well as for the stage in London. He also acted in and produced several plays.

Founder & editor of Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art (1949–1951); editor of The Dublin Magazine (1970–75); A Bash in the Tunnel, James Joyce by the Irish, (ed.) John Ryan (Brighton: Clifton Books 1970), essays on James Joyce by Irish writers: Patrick Kavanagh, Brian O'Nolan, Samuel Beckett, Ulick O'Connor & Edna O'Brien.

Books include: Remembering How We Stood (Gill & Macmillan, 1975; Lilliput Press, 2008 ), a memoir of literary Dublin with characters such as Patrick Kavanagh, Brian O'Nolan, Brendan Behan, et al.; A Wave of the Sea (Ward River, 1981), a marine memoir.

Ryan was a long-time contributor to Sunday Miscellany on Radio Éireann (RTÉ Radio).

Publican, friend and benefactor[edit]

He purchased the Bailey pub in 1957 which became a famous literary venue frequented by characters such as Kavanagh, O'Nolan, et al.

He was a patron to many artist, e.g. Patrick Kavanagh, and was always willing to help -discreetly[1]- when they needed it most. He owned a building on Mount Street where many artists stayed. He was friend and intimate with many leading artists of the period: Behan, Cronin, Swift, Seán O'Sullivan, Pearse Hutchinson, J. P. Donleavy, Brian O'Nolan, et al. During the war years he very cheaply rented a space above the family's Monument Creameries store (now a Burger King) on Grafton Street to sculptor Desmond MacNamara, and which became the site for a famous bohemian salon attended by all of the foregoing names and many more.

James Joyce connection[edit]

He saved Leopold Bloom's front door to 7 Eccles Street from demolition and used it in The Bailey pub in St. Anne Street, Dublin, from whence it was removed and transported to the Joyce Museum on N. Gt. George's St., Oct. 1995; He arranged that the James Joyce Tower become a museum; First Bloomsday Celebration: 'Bloomsday' was invented in 1954 when John Ryan and the novelist Brian O'Nolan organised what was to be a daylong pilgrimage along the Ulysses route; 'James Joyce', Envoy, special number featuring James Joyce, Vol. 5, No. 17, April 1951; A Bash in the Tunnel, James Joyce by the Irish, (ed.) John Ryan (Brighton: Clifton Books 1970); Secretary of the James Joyce Society of Ireland 1970–74.

Envoy[edit]

December 1949– July 1951. Founded and edited by Ryan. Envoy was inaugurated in response to Irish trade and censorship restrictions which had forced many writers to seek publication outside their homeland. During its brief existence, Envoy, A Review of Literature and Art, published the work of a broad range of writers, Irish and others. The first to publish J. P. Donleavy, Brendan Behan's first short stories and his first poem, and an extract from Samuel Beckett's Watt. Envoy included Patrick Kavanagh's infamous monthly "Diary". Brian O'Nolan was another substantial contributor and was "honorary editor"[4] for the special number commemorating James Joyce.

Remembering How We Stood[edit]

An affectionate account of Bohemian Dublin in the 1950s with Behan, Kavanagh, J. P. Donleavy (q.v.), Anthony Cronin and other Dublin characters. Ryan:

Dublin was a town of ‘characters’ then as now, and I suppose will ever be. A man I knew was taking a stroll down Grafton Street one day when he happened to overhear part of a discussion which three citizens were having outside Mitchell’s café. The gist of their dialogue was that they were deploring the absence from the Dublin scene of any real ‘characters’. They appeared to be genuinely aggrieved. They were, in fact, Myles na gCopaleen, Sean O’Sullivan and Brendan Behan.

From the foreword by J. P. Donleavy:

As one reads his words, dressed in their wonderful finery of irony, the world he speaks of reblossoms to be back again awhile. To see, feel and smell the Dublin of that day... a masterpiece of reminiscence.

First Bloomsday Celebration[edit]

First Bloomsday: John Ryan, Anthony Cronin, Brian O'Nolan, Patrick Kavanagh & Tom Joyce (James Joyce's cousin) 1954

BLOOMSDAY (a term Joyce himself did not employ) was invented in 1954, the 50th anniversary, when John Ryan and the novelist Flann O'Brien organised what was to be a daylong pilgrimage along the Ulysses route. They were joined by Patrick Kavanagh, Anthony Cronin, Tom Joyce (a dentist who, as Joyce's cousin, represented the family interest) and AJ Leventhal (Registrar of Trinity College). Ryan had engaged two horse drawn cabs, of the old-fashioned kind, which in Ulysses Mr. Bloom and his friends drive to poor Paddy Dignam's funeral. The party were assigned roles from the novel. They planned to travel round the city through the day, visiting in turn the scenes of the novel, ending at night in what had once been the brothel quarter of the city, the area which Joyce had called Nighttown. The pilgrimage was abandoned halfway through, when the weary pilgrims succumbed to inebriation and rancour at the Bailey pub in the city centre, which Ryan then owned, and at which, in 1967, he installed the door to No. 7 Eccles Street (Leopold Bloom's front door) having rescued it from demolition . A Bloomsday record of 1954, informally filmed by John Ryan, follows this pilgrimage.[5]

Patrick Kavanagh: 'O commemorate me where there is water'[edit]

Whenever you mention Patrick Kavanagh’s seat on the Grand Canal Dublin, most people will immediately think of the more famous park bench with the statue of Paddy himself sitting to one side of the seat almost beckoning for someone to sit down beside him. This bench is situated on the north bank of the Grand Canal between Baggot Street Bridge and the upstream Eustace Bridge. John Coll produced the sculpture and the seat was unveiled by President Mary Robinson on 11 June 1991, however this is not the original seat. Only a relatively few people will be aware of the lesser known original Kavanagh seat situated on the South Bank at the Lock Gates close to Baggot Street Bridge. As is well known from his poem and heavy hints to his friends, he wished to be commemorated with a simple canal side seat near the lock gates of Baggot Street Bridge. To this effect shortly after his death in 1967, a committee was formed by the late John Ryan and Denis Dwyer to collect a sum of money to purchase the materials and labour for the seat. The seat was erected in the poet's memory by his friends in 1968.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 'Remembering how he stood', J. P. Donleavy, Sunday Independent, 25 August 1996
  2. ^ "Mr. Seamus Ryan". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 21 November 2009. 
  3. ^ McGuire, James; Quinn, James (2009). Dictionary of Irish Biography. Volume V. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy-Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-63331-4. 
  4. ^ 'In 1951, whilst I was editor of the Irish literary periodical Envoy, I decided that it would be a fitting thing to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the death of James Joyce by bringing out a special number dedicated to him which would reflect the attitudes and opinions of his fellow countrymen towards their illustrious compatriot. To this end I began by inviting Brian Nolan to act as honorary editor for this particular issue. His own genius closely matched, without in anyway resembling or attempting to counterfeit, Joyce's. But if the mantle of Joyce (or should we say the waistcoat?) were ever to be passed on, nobody would be half so deserving of it as the man whom under his other guises as Flann O'Brien and Myles Na gCopaleen, proved himself incontestably to be the most creative writer and mordant wit that Ireland had given us since Shem the Penman himself.' – John Ryan, Introduction to A Bash in the Tunnel (1970) John Ryan (1925–92) Ricorso.net
  5. ^ An account of the first Bloomsday
  6. ^ Liam Brady. His father and namesake was one of the original committee members, with John Ryan, of the Grand Canal South Bank Seat [1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Remembering How We Stood,John Ryan (Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1975)
  • Dead as Doornails, Anthony Cronin (Dolmen Press, Dublin, 1976)
  • Patrick Kavanagh: A Biography, Antoinette Quinn (Gill & Macmillan, 2003)
  • A Bash In The Tunnel, James Joyce by the Irish, (ed.) John Ryan (Brighton: Clifton Books, 1970)
  • Patrick Swift 1927–83, (ed.) Veronica O'Mara (Gandon Editions, Kinsale, 1993)
  • Flann O’Brien, an illustrated biography by Costello and Van der Kamp (1987)
  • No Laughing Matter: The Life and Times of Flann O'Brien, Anthony Cronin (New Island Books, 2003)
  • Young John McGahern: Becoming a Novelist, Denis Sampson (Oxford University Press, Feb 2012)
  • A Wave of the Sea, John Ryan (Ward River, 1981); a marine memoir.
  • Joyce's Critics: Transitions in Reading and Culture, By Joseph Brooker (The University of Wisconsin Press, May 2004)
  • The Irish Literary Periodical 1923–1958, Frank Shovlin, Oxford English Monographs, Oxford University Press, USA (12 February 2004), p136 Google Books
  • 'An Interview with John Ryan' The Journal of Irish Literature 17 (January 1988)

External references[edit]