John Salmon

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John Salmon
Bishop of Norwich
Church Roman Catholic Church
Province Canterbury
Diocese Norwich
Appointed June 1298
Term ended 6 July 1325
Predecessor Ralph Walpole
Successor Robert Baldock
Other posts Lord Chancellor
Orders
Consecration 15 November 1299
Personal details
Died 6 July 1325
Folkestone
Buried Norwich Cathedral
Nationality English
Denomination Roman Catholic
Parents Salomon & Alice
Previous post Bishop-elect of Ely

John Salmon (died 1325) was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.

Life[edit]

Salmon's family was hereditary goldsmiths to the diocese of Ely. His parents were Salomon and Alice, and he was the eldest of three brothers. He entered the Benedictine priory of Ely sometime before 1291.[1] He was subprior of Ely Cathedral before his election to be Prior of Ely in 1292.[2]

Salmon was elected to the see of Ely in 1298[3] but King Edward I of England objected, wanting the monks to elect his chancellor John Langton instead.[1] Each side appealed to Rome, and both elections were quashed by Pope Boniface VIII on 5 June 1299.[1][3] As a consolation, he was provided to the see of Norwich between 5 June and 18 June 1299[1][4] as he was still prior on 5 June.[5] He was consecrated on 15 November 1299.[4]

In 1307 Salmon helped arrange the marriage of the new king, Edward II, and in 1309 he was sent by the king to Rome to obtain the return from exile of Piers Gaveston.[1] On 20 March 1311 he was elected one of the Lords Ordainers to help King Edward II govern.[6] Over the next few years he was often in the king's service, being sent on diplomatic missions and negotiating with the earl of Lancaster for the king.[1]

Salmon occupied the office of Lord Chancellor of England from 1320 to 1323.[7] He accompanied the king on his travels, and helped negotiate with France and Scotland. He resigned the office in 1323 due to ill health, but continued to work on the king's behalf.[1]

Salmon died on 6 July 1325[4] at Folkestone while returning from a diplomatic mission in France. He was buried in Norwich Cathedral.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Buck "Salmon, John" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Priors
  3. ^ a b Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops
  4. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
  5. ^ Greenway British History Online Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Norwich: Bishops
  6. ^ Powell and Wallis House of Lords p. 275 and footnote 78
  7. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Hotham
Lord Chancellor
1320–1323
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William of Louth
as Bishop of Ely
Bishop-elect of Ely
Election quashed

1298–1299
Opposed by John Langton
Succeeded by
Ralph Walpole
as Bishop of Ely
Preceded by
Ralph Walpole
Bishop of Norwich
1299–1325
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock