John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch
Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch and 11th Duke of Queensberry, KT, VRD, JP, DL (28 September 1923 – 4 September 2007) was a Scottish Peer, politician and landowner. He served in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in the Second World War, and represented Edinburgh North in the House of Commons for 13 years.
He owned the largest private landed estate in the United Kingdom, covering some 280,000 acres (1,100 km2). The estate includes Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway, Bowhill House in Selkirkshire, and Boughton House in Northamptonshire. A fourth house, Dalkeith Palace, near Edinburgh, is let to the West Central Wisconsin Consortium, which uses the palace as a base for its study abroad program.
Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott was best known by his middle name John, and he was the only son of Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch & 10th Duke of Queensberry, and the former Mary Lascelles. His paternal aunt was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. His sister Elizabeth married the 10th Duke of Northumberland, and Caroline wed politician Ian Gilmour.
In 1942, he joined the Royal Navy as an ordinary seaman, and was commissioned as an officer the following year, serving on destroyers. He continued as a Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and the Royal Naval Reserve after the war until 1971. He was awarded the Volunteer Reserve Decoration in 1959. He was appointed Honorary Captain in the Royal Naval Reserve in 1988. He was a Captain of the Royal Company of Archers, Lord President of the Council and Silver Stick for Scotland. He was a member of the Roxburghe Club.
As Earl of Dalkeith, he was a Roxburghshire County Councillor from 1958. He contested Edinburgh East in the 1959 general election, losing to the incumbent Labour MP George Willis, but was elected as a Unionist (and latterly Conservative) Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North from a by-election in 1960. He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Lord Advocate, William Rankine Milligan, in 1961 to 1962, then briefly as PPS to the Secretary of State for Scotland Jack Maclay from January 1962 to July that year. After Maclay was sacked in Harold Macmillan's Night of the Long Knives, he was PPS to Maclay's successor, Michael Noble, from 1962 to 1964. He defeated a young Robin Cook in the 1970 general election.
He and his wife sustained minor injuries in a car accident at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, on 16 August 1961, but made a full recovery. However, in an hunting accident near Hawick on 20 March 1971, his horse threw him off as it failed to take a drystone dyke, and then fell on him. Dalkeith was left paralysed from the chest down with a fractured spine. He left hospital in early September 1971, and spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair, and became a notable spokesman for disability organisations. He was the first MP after the Second World War to enter the House of Commons chamber in a wheelchair, where he was greeted by Harold Wilson, who crossed the floor of the chamber to shake his hand, in October 1971.
Dalkeith left the House of Commons in October 1973, as he succeeded to the Dukedom upon his father's death. As a result, he stood down as an MP. However, he remained a member of the House of Lords for the next 25 years, where he spoke particularly on rural, disability and constitutional issues, until the removal of the hereditary peers in the reforms of 1999.
The Duke was in the headlines in October 2003 when the Madonna with the Yarnwinder by Leonardo da Vinci was stolen from Drumlanrig Castle. It was found in October 2007, one month after the Duke's death.
On 10 January 1953 he married Jane McNeill, a leading fashion model for Norman Hartnell, at a ceremony at St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh attended by the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, and most of the royal family. She was the only child of John McNeill, QC, and Amy Yvonne Maynard.
They had 4 children:
- Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch, married Lady Elizabeth Kerr and had issue
- Lord John (born 9 August 1957) married Berrin Torrinson
- Lady Charlotte-Anne (born 9 January 1956), married Count Bernard de Castellane, and had issue
- Lord Damian Torquil Francis Charles (born 8 October 1970), married Elizabeth Powis, and had issue
The Duke died after a short illness at one of his three homes, Bowhill House, in Selkirkshire, Scottish Borders, in the early hours of 4 September 2007. He was survived by his wife, daughter and three sons. The Duke was buried on 11 September 2007 among the ruins of Melrose Abbey, next to his parents. HRH The Duke of Gloucester, his cousin, was among the 2500 guests who attended the burial ceremony.
- RADAR (1977–1993); President (1993–2007)
- Buccleuch Heritage Trust (1985–2007)
- Living Landscape Trust (1985–2007)
- Association of Lord-Lieutenants (1990–2007)
- President of The Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland (1969)
- St Andrew’s Ambulance Association (1972–2007)
- Royal Scottish Agricultural Benevolent Institute (1973–2007)
- Scottish National Institution for the War Blinded (1973–2007)
- Royal Blind Asylum and School (1976)
- Galloway Cattle Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1976)
- East of England Agricultural Society (1976)
- Commonwealth Forestry Association (1979–1999)
- Vice President of The Royal Scottish Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children
- President of The Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club (1982)
- Royal Scottish Forestry Society (1994–1996)
- Honorary President Animal Diseases Research Association (1973–1995)
- Honorary President of the South of Scotland Car Club Ltd (1951–2007)
Titles and honours
Titles from birth
- Lord Eskdaill (1926–1935)
- Earl of Dalkeith (1935–1955)
- Earl of Dalkeith, DL (1955–1959)
- Earl of Dalkeith, VRD, DL (1959–1973)
- His Grace The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, VRD, DL (1973–1975)
- His Grace The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, VRD, JP, DL (1975–1978)
- His Grace The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, KT, VRD, JP, DL (1978–2007)
- Knight of the Order of the Thistle (1978); Chancellor (1992–2007)
- Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Decoration (1959)
- Justice of the Peace for the commission area of Roxburgh (1975)
- Deputy Lieutenant of Selkirkshire (1955)
- Deputy Lieutenant of Roxburghshire (1962)
- Deputy Lieutenant of Dumfriesshire (1974)
- Lord-Lieutenant of Roxburghshire (1974–1975)
- Lord-Lieutenant of Selkirk (1975)
- Lord Lieutenant of Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale (1975–1998)
- Bledisloe Gold Medal (1992)
- Chief of Clan Scott (1973-2007)
Honorary military appointments
- Captain, Royal Naval Reserve (1988–2007).
- Independent obituary http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/the-duke-of-buccleuch-and-queensberry-401494.html
- Scotsman obituary http://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-news/top-stories/laird-royal-confidant-and-a-caring-human-being-the-duke-of-buccleuch-dies-aged-83-1-917493
- "Jane, Duchess of Buccleuch: Model turned politician’s wife whose efforts helped pave the way for disabled MPs". Independent. 26 April 2011.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Buccleuch
- News report, The Scotsman, 5 September 2007
- Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 5 September 2007
- Obituary, The Times, 5 September 2007
- Obituary, The Guardian, 6 September 2007
- Obituary, The Independent, 6 September 2007
- Obituary, Buccleuch Group
- Buccleuch Estates website
- Photograph of Duke in 1992
- BBC article on theft of da Vinci painting
- Lundy, Darryl. "Biographical entry at thepeerage.com". The Peerage.
- Biographical entry at burkes-peerage.net
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North
The Lord Home of the Hirsel
|Chancellor of the Order of the Thistle
The Earl of Airlie
The Duke of Buccleuch
|Lord Lieutenant of Roxburghshire
Sir Conolly Abel Smith
|Lord Lieutenant of Selkirkshire
|New office||Lord Lieutenant of
Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
|Peerage of Scotland|
|Duke of Buccleuch
Duke of Queensberry