John Scott (died 1533)

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Sir John Scott
Born c. 1484
Died 7 October 1533 (aged 48–49)
Spouse(s) Anne Pympe
Children William Scott
Sir Reginald Scott
Sir John Scott
Richard Scott
George Scott
Mildred Scott
Katherine Scott
Isabel Scott
Alice Scott
Mary Scott
Elizabeth Scott
Sibyl Scott
Parent(s) Sir William Scott, Sibyl Lewknor

Sir John Scott (c. 1484 – 7 October 1533) was the eldest son of Sir William Scott of Scot's Hall. He served in King Henry VIII's campaigns in France, and was active in local government in Kent and a Member of Parliament for New Romney. He was the grandfather of both Reginald Scott, author of The Discoverie of Witchcraft,[1] a source for Shakespeare's Macbeth,[2] and Thomas Keyes, who married Lady Mary Grey.[3]

Family[edit]

According to MacMahon, the Scott family, which claimed descent from John Balliol,[4] was among the leading families in Kent during the reign of King Henry VII.[5]

John Scott, born about 1484, was the eldest son of Sir William Scott of Scot's Hall and Sibyl Lewknor (d. 1529), the daughter of Sir Thomas Lewknor of Trotton, Sussex.[5] Scott's father, Sir William Scott, had been Comptroller of the Household to King Henry VII, and Scott's grandfather, Sir John Scott, had been Comptroller of the Household to King Edward IV. Both Scott's father and grandfather had held the offices of Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Scott's father had been Marshal of Calais.[6]

Scott had a brother, Edward, and three sisters, Anne, who married Sir Edward Boughton; Katherine; and Elizabeth.[6]

Career[edit]

As a young man Scott was knighted by the future Emperor Charles V in 1511 while serving as a senior captain, under his relative Sir Edward Poynings, with the English forces sent by King Henry VIII to aid Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Low Countries, against Charles II, Duke of Guelders. According to MacMahon Henry VIII 'transmuted the honour into a knighthood of the body'.[7] In 1512 he was elected Member of Parliament for New Romney. Scott may have participated in the French campaigns of 1512 and 1513; he was among the forces being marshaled at Calais in 1514 when negotiations for peace between England and France brought the war to a temporary halt. In 1514 and 1515 he was a commissioner for the subsidy in Sussex. In June 1520 he attended Henry VIII at the Field of Cloth of Gold. In 1522 he was in the service of George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny, Constable of Dover Castle, and was placed in charge of transport[8] when the Emperor Charles V landed at Dover on 28 May 1522. In 1523 Scott was with the English forces which invaded northern France under the Duke of Suffolk. In 1523 and 1524 he was a commissioner for the subsidy in Kent. He was Sheriff of Kent in 1527 and 1528, and a Justice of the Peace in that county from 1531 until his death.[9] In May 1533 Scott was summoned to be a servitor at the coronation of Anne Boleyn.[10] He died on 7 October 1533.[11]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Scott married, before 22 November 1506, Anne Pympe, daughter and heiress of Reynold Pympe, esquire, of Nettlestead, Kent, by Elizabeth Pashley, the daughter of John Pashley, esquire.[12]

Sir John Scott and Anne Pympe had five sons and seven daughters:[13]

  • William Scott, who died in 1536 without issue.[1]
  • Sir Reginald (or Reynold) Scott (1512–15 December 1554), Sheriff of Kent in 1541–42 and Captain of Calais and Sandgate, who married firstly Emeline Kempe, the daughter of Sir William Kempe of Olantigh, Kent, by Eleanor Browne, the daughter of Sir Robert Browne, by whom he was the father of Sir Thomas Scott (1535–30 December 1594) and two daughters, Katherine Scott, who married John Baker (c.1531–1604×6), by whom she was the mother of Richard Baker, and Anne Scott, who married Walter Mayney. Sir Reginald Scott married secondly Mary Tuke, the daughter of Sir Brian Tuke.[14]
  • Sir John Scott.
  • Richard Scott, esquire, the father of Reginald Scott (d. 1599), author of The Discoverie of Witchcraft.[1]
  • George Scott.
  • Mildred Scott, who married firstly, John Digges, esquire, the son of James Digges and half brother of Leonard Digges, and secondly, Richard Keyes, gentleman, by whom she was the mother of Thomas Keyes, who married Lady Mary Grey.[15][16]
  • Katherine Scott, who married Sir Henry Crispe.
  • Isabel Scott, who married Richard Adams, esquire.
  • Alice Scott.
  • Mary Scott, who married Nicholas Ballard, gentleman.
  • Elizabeth Scott.
  • Sibyl Scott, who married Richard Hynde, esquire.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rigg 1897, p. 107.
  2. ^ Almond, Philip C., Reginald Scot and 'The Discoverie of Witchcraft' (London: I.B. Tauris, 2011) Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  3. ^ Bindoff 1982, p. 465.
  4. ^ Rigg calls this a 'wholly untrustworthy tradition'.
  5. ^ a b MacMahon 2004.
  6. ^ a b Richardson IV 2011, p. 1.
  7. ^ Rigg 1897, p. 106; MacMahon 2004.
  8. ^ Scott is said to have 'attended Cardinal Wolsey at the reception of Charles V, whose baggage he was responsible for transporting from Dover to Canterbury'; Scott, Sir John (1484-1533), History of Parliament.
  9. ^ Rigg 1897, pp. 106–7; MacMahon 2004.
  10. ^ Scott, Sir John (1484-1533), History of Parliament.
  11. ^ MacMahon 2004; Richardson IV 2011, p. 2.
  12. ^ Richardson II 2011, p. 311; Richardson IV 2011, pp. 1–2; Bindoff 1982, p. 465; Rigg 1897, p. 107.
  13. ^ Richardson IV 2011, p. 1; Glencross 1922, pp. 363–4.
  14. ^ Rigg 1897, p. 107; Brown 1897, pp. 996–7; Richardson IV 2011, p. 2; Martin 2004.
  15. ^ According to Bindoff and Sherwood, Thomas Keyes was the son of his father's second marriage to Mildred Scott, although Richardson states that Thomas Keyes was the son of his father's first marriage to Agnes Saunders.
  16. ^ Bindoff 1982, p. 495; Sherwood 1908, pp. 196–8; Richardson I 2011, p. 81; Richardson II 2011, p. 311; Richardson IV 2011, pp. 1–2; Doran 2004.

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