John Seymour Lucas
|John Seymour Lucas|
John Seymour Lucas, by John Singer Sargent, 1905 (NPG)
21 December 1849|
|Died||8 May 1923
|Field||historical painting, portraiture, costume design.|
|Training||St. Martin's Lane Art School; Royal Academy.|
|Works||Rebel Hunting after Culloden|
John Seymour Lucas (21 December 1849 – 8 May 1923) was a Victorian English historical and portrait painter as well as an accomplished theatrical costume designer. He was born into an artistic London family, (he was the nephew of the painter John Lucas) and originally trained as a woodcarver, but turned his attention to portrait painting and entered first the St. Martin's Lane Art School and later the Royal Academy Schools. Here he met his French wife, fellow artist Marie Cornelissen, whom he married in 1877. Lucas’ artistic education included extensive travels around Europe, particularly Holland and Spain, where he studied the Flemish and Spanish Masters. He first started exhibiting in 1872, was elected an associate member of the Royal Academy in 1876 and a full Royal Academician in 1898.
Biography and work
John Seymour Lucas was first and foremost a historical genre painter with a particular talent for realism in the depiction of costumes and interiors. Inspired by van Dyck and particularly Diego Velázquez, he excelled in depicting scenes from the English 16th- to 18th-century Tudor and Stuart periods, including in particular the Spanish Armada, the English Civil War and the Jacobite rebellions.
His first major work to achieve widespread public acclaim was Rebel Hunting after Culloden, executed in 1884. It was praised not only for the obvious tension between the muscular blacksmiths and the red-coated forces of law and order (or repression) but for the extraordinary realism in the depiction of the rough smithy and glowing horseshoe on the anvil.
As his reputation grew, Lucas increasingly mixed in society circles, and became firm friends with the famous society portrait painter John Singer Sargent who was his almost exact contemporary. A portrait of Lucas executed by John Singer Sargent is displayed in Tate Britain. Towards the 1890s John Seymour Lucas executed a number of major works for prestigious public buildings or royal clients. These include: The Flight of the Five Members (Houses of Parliament), The Granting of the Charter of the City of London (Royal Exchange), Reception by HM King Edward VII of the Moorish Ambassador (Royal Collection), HRH the Prince of Wales in German Uniform (Royal Collection)
Apart from executing over 100 major oil paintings and a host of drawings, Lucas was renowned as a set and costume designer for the historical dramas popular on the late Victorian and early Edwardian stages. One of his more unusual commissions was the "Duke of Normandy" costume for the ill-fated prince Alfred of Saxe Coburg-Gotha for the Devonshire House Ball in 1897. Lucas was also a prolific watercolour painter and was elected a member of the Institute of Painters in Water Colours in 1877.
He retired from painting towards the end of World War I, and moved to Blythburgh, Suffolk, where re-designed a house next to the church known as "The Priory". Lucas died in 1923 and is interred in Blythburgh church yard. His son, Sydney Seymour Lucas, was also an artist, and illustrator.
John Seymour Lucas was a renowned artist in his day, when his painting style and themes resonated with the core themes of Imperial Great Britain: the uniqueness of the English historical experience and its seemingly inexorable rise to global preeminence. Furthermore, his love for colourful detail, veracity and the theatrical was well suited to the tastes of the late Victorian audience. However, the end of Pax Britannica and the rise of Modernism left these twin pillars of John Seymour Lucas oeuvre slightly marooned and he is less than a household name today. Nevertheless, he has left a unique legacy as a chronicler of English history and a costume painter of distinction.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Seymour Lucas.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Lucas, John Seymour.|
This article is based on articles in the Art Journal of March 1887 and December 1908, Current Art Notes 1923 as well as the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica biographical entry.