John Shadegg

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John Shadegg
JohnShadegg.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Bob Stump
Succeeded by Ben Quayle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by Jon Kyl
Succeeded by Ed Pastor
Personal details
Born (1949-10-22) October 22, 1949 (age 64)
Phoenix, Arizona
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Shirley Shadegg
Residence Phoenix
Alma mater University of Arizona
Occupation attorney
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Service/branch United States Air National Guard
Years of service 1969–1975
Unit Arizona

John Barden Shadegg (born October 22, 1949) is the former U.S. Representative for Arizona's 3rd congressional district, serving from 1995 until 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party.

The district, numbered as the 4th District before the 2000 Census, includes much of northern Phoenix.

Early life, education and career[edit]

Shadegg is the son of Steve Shadegg of Arizona, who supported Barry Goldwater's 1952 and 1958 U.S. Senate campaigns and organized the Draft Goldwater movement in the 1964 presidential campaign. Steve Shadegg, however, did not support Goldwater's general election campaign in 1964. He is of partial Swiss descent.[1]

John Shadegg was born in Phoenix and received a B.A. from the University of Arizona in 1972 and J.D. in 1975. He served in the Arizona Air National Guard from 1969 to 1975 and was a lawyer before becoming a special counsel to the Arizona state House Republican caucus 1991–92. Shadegg was special assistant attorney general in the State of Arizona from 1983–90 and an adviser to the United States Sentencing Commission before entering the House.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Committee assignments[edit]

Party leadership[edit]

From 2000 to 2002, Congressman Shadegg served as chairman of the Republican Study Committee (RSC), a group of conservative House Republicans.

Following the 2004 election, Shadegg was elected Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee, the fifth-ranking position in the House Leadership. He was the only member of the Republican Class of 1994 serving in leadership until resigning the post to run for Majority Leader in January 2006.

On January 13, 2006 Shadegg officially joined the race for the House Majority Leader as a compromise alternative candidate to Representatives Roy Blunt and John Boehner. Shadegg received the support of the National Review,[2] the Club for Growth,[3] the Arizona Republic,[4] and the blog RedState.[5] Feb. 2, after Shadegg came third in the first ballot, his supporters switched to second place Boehner, ensuring Boehner's election on the second ballot.

Shadegg ran for House Minority Whip following the loss of Republican control of the House in November 2006, losing to Blunt.

Political positions[edit]

Shadegg is an economic conservative who has fought for lower taxes and against government waste and is a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[6] Shadegg opposed a house budget resolution that would increase taxes in 2007.[7] Citizens Against Government Waste considered him a "Taxpayer Hero".[8] National Taxpayers Union considered him a "Taxpayer Friend" in 2006.[9]

In every Congress since the 104th Congress, U.S. Congressman John Shadegg has introduced the Enumerated Powers Act, although it has not been passed into law. At the beginning of the 105th Congress, the House of Representatives incorporated the substantive requirement of the Enumerated Powers Act into the House rules.

In 2007, he opposed several bills to set a deadline to withdraw troops from Iraq.[10][10][11][12][13][14][15] Shadegg voted against the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007, which increased the federal minimum wage from $5.15 to $7.25 an hour.[10][16] Shadegg voted for a bill to build a 700-mile (1,100 km) fence along the border between the United States and Mexico (Secure Fence Act of 2006).[10] In 2005, Shadegg voted against a bill to create a flag-burning amendment to the Constitution.[10][17]

Shadegg is a staunch advocate of a federal prohibition of online poker. In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act[18] and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.[19]

Shadegg is vehemently opposed to the Healthcare Reform Package that was tabled in October 2009. He said the reform package is a "Soviet-style gulag health care", and will make American healthcare something akin to that available to the prisoners of Russian gulag.[20]

On October 14, 2009, Shadegg joined with three fellow Representatives in calling for the investigation of CAIR (the Council on American-Islamic Relations) over allegations of trying to plant "spies," based on a CAIR memo indicating that they "will develop national initiatives such as Lobby Day, and placing Muslim interns in Congressional offices." The request came in the wake of the publication of a book, Muslim Mafia, the foreword of which had been penned by Congresswoman Sue Myrick, that portrayed CAIR as a subversive organization allied with international terrorists.[21] CAIR has countered that these initiatives are extensively used by all advocacy groups and accused Shadegg and his colleagues of intending to intimidate American Muslims who "take part in the political process and exercise their rights." [22][23]

In November 2009, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg expressed confidence in the security of having five 9/11 suspects brought to trial in lower Manhattan, to which Shadegg gave an overheated response: "Well mayor, how are you going to feel when it is your daughter that is kidnapped at school by a terrorist?".[24] He later apologized to the mayor and his family for "the insensitivity of my remarks."

On March 17, 2010, after criticizing the lack of a single-payer health care system or an alternative public option in health insurance reform proposals by the Obama administration, Shadegg, who has previously responded to the possibility of such a system as, "full on Russian gulag, Soviet-style gulag health care",[25] stated in an interview, "I would support single-payer."[26] Shadegg's spokeswoman later clarified the remark, explaining that the Congressman believes that "Forcing them [health insurance companies] to compete, even through a public option, would be better than an individual mandate which will not work."[26]

On September 29, 2008, Shadegg voted against the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 which created the Troubled Assets Relief Program.[27]

Despite his support of the second economic stimulus package bill, he voted "NO" on the first Economic Package and he also was a proponent of the 2009 Tea Party protests which condemned any bailouts, and even spoke at a rally in Phoenix.[28]

On November 30, 2010, Shadegg declared his opposition to the extension of unemployment benefits on the basis that "the unemployed will spend as little of that money as they possibly can", having commented to Mike Barnicle "Your answer is it’s the spending of money that drives the economy and I don’t think that’s right."[29]

Political campaigns[edit]

Shadegg entered the Republican primary for the 1994 4th District race after four-term incumbent Jon Kyl made what turned out to be a successful run for the United States Senate. He won a four-way primary with 43 percent of the vote, and breezed to victory in November. He has been reelected seven times.

2006[edit]

In 2006, the Democratic Party nominee was Herb Paine, who barely defeated his Democratic primary opponent, to face Shadegg in his November 2006 bid for reelection. (See U.S. congressional elections in 2006) Shadegg retained his seat with nearly 60% of the vote.

2008[edit]

Shadegg announced on February 11, 2008 that he would not run for an eighth term, saying that he wanted to "seek a new challenge in a different venue to advance the cause of freedom." However, Shadegg retracted the statement on February 21, and announced he would seek reelection.[30][31] Although it was speculated that he would run for the United States Senate in 2010 if John McCain had become president,[32] Shadegg had expressed his intention to leave public life and return to the private sector[31] before changing his mind.

2010 retirement[edit]

On January 14, 2010, Shadegg announced he would not run for reelection to a ninth term. In his statement, Shadegg says he will "pursue my commitment to fight for freedom in a different venue."[33]

Electoral history[edit]

Arizona's 4th congressional district: Results 1994–2000[34]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1994 Carol Cure 69,760 35.98% John B. Shadegg 116,714 60.19% Mark Yannone Libertarian 7,428 3.83%
1996 Maria Elena Milton 74,857 33.22% John B. Shadegg 150,486 66.78%
1998 Eric Ehst 49,538 31.19% John B. Shadegg 102,722 64.68% Ernest Hancock Libertarian 3,805 2.40% Doug Quelland Independent 2,757 1.74%
2000 Ben Jankowski 71,803 32.71% John B. Shadegg 140,396 63.96% Ernest Hancock Libertarian 7,298 3.33%
Arizona's 3rd congressional district: Results 2002–2008[34]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2002 Charles Hill 47,173 30.29% John B. Shadegg 104,847 67.32% Mark Yannone Libertarian 3,731 2.40%
2004 (no candidate) John B. Shadegg 181,012 80.10% Mark Yannone Libertarian 44,962 19.90%
2006 Herb Paine 72,586 38.23% John B. Shadegg 112,519 59.27% Mark Yannone Libertarian 4,744 2.50%
2008 Bob Lord 115,759 42.07% John B. Shadegg 148,800 54.08% Michael Shoen Libertarian 10,602 3.85%

Personal life[edit]

Shadegg is married to the former Shirley Lueck; they have a son and a daughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/reps/shadegg.htm
  2. ^ "Editorial: Shadegg for Leader". National Review. January 13, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Club Endorses John Shadegg" (Press release). The Club for Growth. January 13, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Editorial: Shadegg is gift GOP should open". The Arizona Republic. January 19, 2006. 
  5. ^ The Directors (January 12, 2006). "RedState's View: John Shadegg for Majority Leader". RedState. 
  6. ^ Current Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers
  7. ^ "Rep. Shadegg Votes Against Largest Tax Hike In American History" (Press release). Office of U.S. Congressman John Shadegg. March 29, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Representative John B. Shadegg". Citizens Against Government Waste. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved February 19, 2008. 
  9. ^ "NTU's Taxpayer Friends in the House for 2006". National Taxpayers Union and National Taxpayers Union Foundation. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved February 19, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Key Votes By John Shadegg". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 19, 2008. 
  11. ^ "110th Congress, 1st session, House vote 186". The Washington Post. 
  12. ^ "110th Congress, 1st session, House vote 265". The Washington Post. 
  13. ^ "110th Congress, 1st session, House vote 624". The Washington Post. 
  14. ^ "Shadegg Opposes Senate War Supplemental Legislation" (Press release). Office of U.S. Congressman John Shadegg. March 29, 2007. 
  15. ^ "110th Congress, 1st session, House vote 32". The Washington Post. 
  16. ^ "110th Congress, 1st session, House vote 18". The Washington Post. 
  17. ^ "109th Congress, 1st session, House vote 296". The Washington Post. 
  18. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4411
  19. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4777
  20. ^ 14 oktober 2009. "Rep. Shadegg: We're getting "Russian gulag, Soviet style gulag healthcare"". YouTube. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  21. ^ Doyle, Michael, "Judge: Controversial 'Muslim Mafia' used stolen papers", Charlotte Observer, November 10, 2009, accessed November 17, 2009
  22. ^ Glenn Greenwald (October 15, 2009). "GOP House members call for investigation of Muslim political activity". Salon.com. 
  23. ^ Jordy Yager (October 14, 2009). "House Republicans accuse Muslim group of trying to plant spies". Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. 
  24. ^ "Lawmaker: What if terrorists took NYC mayor's kid | TPM News Pages". Talkingpointsmemo.com. November 17, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Rep. Shadegg: ‘We’re getting full on Russian gulag, Soviet-style gulag healthcare.’". ThinkProgress. October 14, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "Shadegg (R): 'I would support single payer' over individual mandate". The Hill. March 18, 2010. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Bailout Roll Call". September 29, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Republican Members of Congress embrace radical anti-Obama Protests". April 15, 2009. 
  29. ^ "Rep. Shadegg Scoffs At The Fact That Jobless Benefits Are A Benefit To The Economy: ‘No, They’re Not!’". ThinkProgress. November 30, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2010. 
  30. ^ Kraushaar, Josh (February 21, 2008). "Shadegg Un-retires, Will Run For Re-election". The Politico. Retrieved February 21, 2008. 
  31. ^ a b Hensley, JJ (February 14, 2008). "Shadegg is asked to stay". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  32. ^ Pershing, Ben (February 19, 2008). "Will McCain Quit the Senate?". The Washington Post. 
  33. ^ Nowicki, Dan (January 14, 2010). "Arizona Rep. John Shadegg won't seek re-election". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved February 17, 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved January 10, 2008. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 4th congressional district

1995–2003
Succeeded by
Ed Pastor
Preceded by
Bob Stump
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 3rd congressional district

2003–2011
Succeeded by
Ben Quayle
Party political offices
Preceded by
Sam Johnson
Texas
Chairman of the Republican Study Committee
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Sue Myrick
North Carolina
Preceded by
Chris Cox
California
Chairman of House Republican Policy Committee
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Adam Putnam
Florida