Richard Roundtree as Shaft, 1973
|First appearance||Shaft (1971)|
|Last appearance||Shaft (2000)|
|Created by||Ernest Tidyman|
|Portrayed by||Richard Roundtree|
|Family||John Shaft (nephew)|
John Shaft is a fictional character created by screenwriter Ernest Tidyman as a sort of African American version of Ian Fleming's James Bond. He was portrayed by Richard Roundtree in the original 1971 film and in its two sequels, Shaft's Big Score (1972) and Shaft in Africa (1973), with Samuel L. Jackson portraying his nephew (also named John Shaft) in the 2000 version of the film. The blurb on the paperback on which the original film is based states Shaft is "Hotter than Bond, cooler than Bullitt."
- Shaft (1970)
- Shaft Among the Jews (1972)
- Shaft's Big Score (1972)
- Shaft Has a Ball (1973)
- Goodbye, Mr. Shaft (1973)
- Shaft's Carnival of Killers (1974)
- The Last Shaft (1975)
Recurring relationships in the novels
- Vic Androzzi - A lieutenant of detectives with the New York Police Department, and Shaft's contact.
- Rollie Nickerson - Owner of the No Name Bar which Shaft frequents, and a part-time actor.
- Mrs. Klonsky - Shaft's Polish-American housekeeper.
- Mildred - The phone operator who handles Shaft's answering service.
- Ben Buford - A black revolutionary who grew up with Shaft.
Films based on the character
|1972||Shaft's Big Score|
|1973||Shaft in Africa|
|2000||Shaft||Samuel L. Jackson|
The television show ran from 1973–1974, with Richard Roundtree reprising the role of John Shaft. There were seven 90-minute movies, part of the New CBS Tuesday Night Movies, rotating with Hawkins, which starred James Stewart.
Paramount Pictures is negotiating a deal with John Singleton to make another Shaft movie to star Richard Roundtree (as Samuel L. Jackson has stated he no longer has interest making another Shaft film). After the release of the 2000 sequel, Singleton planned a sequel where Shaft would battle drug lords in Jamaica, but Jackson's disappointment with the film prevented a sequel from being made. Roundtree has signed on to do three Shaft sequels (the first two which will be filmed back to back), and has the option to write and direct the third.
Parodies in other films
John Shaft in other media
- Burger King utilized the Shaft character for promotion, and even somewhat parodied Shaft utilizing Shaquille O'Neal.
- Geena Davis parodied the Shaft remake/sequel in promos for her short-lived television series, The Geena Davis Show.
- In Season 2's episode "Ants in Pants!", The Tick featured the Tick meeting "Taft." On confirming that it is he, the man says "Darn right." This would be reprised in the Season 3 episode, "That Moustache Feeling".
- In the TV series The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Will Smith frequently references Shaft as one of his favorite film characters.
- Broomhilda Von Shaft, a character in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained, was named to suggest a relationship to John Shaft. Stated Tarantino: "Her and Django will eventually have a baby, and then that baby will have a baby, and that baby will have a baby, and that baby will have a baby, and that baby will have a baby ... and one of these days, John Shaft will be born".
- Comic Book Series. Published by Dynamite Entertainment, written by David F. Walker and illustrated by Bilquis Evely beginning in December 2014, Ongoing. New stories following young John Shaft's earliest adventures and adapted closely from the Ernest Tidyman novels. 
- Towards the end of the film, during the final showdown, Shaft usually dons a leather outfit, fitted with a high-powered shotgun. (This was done in the 1971 movie and Shaft's Big Score, but not in Shaft in Africa or the sequel/spinoff).
- Shaft's Big Score and Shaft in Africa featured a teaser that had no music, just a hook, establishing the plot, after which the opening credits with a vocalist song would show Shaft heading to the location of the crime. (The first film, Shaft featured Shaft heading to the scene of the crime with the famous Isaac Hayes theme on the soundtrack, or at least, heading towards where the plot would be established, but no teaser).
- Ernest Tidyman's final Shaft book The Last Shaft (1975) depicted the death of John Shaft in the conclusion. Despite this, the same John Shaft, as portrayed by Roundtree, was featured in a cameo role in the 2000 sequel, in which he invites his nephew John, as portrayed by Jackson, to be a partner in his P.I. business.
The Detective in Hollywood, Jon Tuska, 1978 (ISBN #:0385120931)
- "70s rewind: john guillermin's shaft in africa". Twitch Film. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
- Rea, Steven (2000-06-18). "`Shaft's' Big Lure He May Not Be A Sex Machine Anymore, But We Can Still Dig Him. As "Shaft\\" Goes The Major-motion-picture Route, Black Artists Reflect On His '70s \"blaxploitation" Roots. - Philly.com". Articles.philly.com. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
- Buchanan, Kyle (July 14, 2012). "Comic-Con: Quentin Tarantino Thinks Django Unchained Could Be a Shaft Prequel". vulture.com. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- Ching, Albert (September 16, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: Walker Promises A "More Badass" Shaft in The Character's Comics Debut". comicbookresources.com. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- Klemesrud, Judy (1972-03-12). "Shaft -- 'A Black Man Who Is For Once a Winner'". The New York Times.
- Mitchell, Elvis (2000-04-30). "SUMMER FILMS: BLAXPLOITATION; A Black Gumshoe Who Built a Genre Is Back on the Job". The New York Times.
- Riley, Clayton (1971-07-25). "A Black Movie for White Audiences?; A Black Critic's View of 'Shaft'". The New York Times.