John Stanwix

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John Stanwix (born about 1690, England; died at sea, 29 October 1766) was a British soldier and politician.

Stanwix entered the army in 1706, rose to a captain of the grenadiers in 1739, major of marines in 1741, and lieutenant-colonel in 1745, and was appointed equerry to Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1749. In 1750, he was promoted to the government of Carlisle, which he represented in the British parliament in 1741.

In 1754, he became deputy quartermaster-general of the forces, and on 1 January 1756, he was made colonel-commandant of the 1st battalion of the 60th or Royal American Regiment. On his arrival in America he was given the command of the southern district. During 1757 his headquarters were at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and he was appointed brigadier-general on 27 December of that year. After his relief by General John Forbes in 1758, General Stanwix went to Albany, New York, whence he was ordered to the Oneida carrying-place, to secure that important position by the erection of a work which was called Fort Stanwix in his honor. In 1759 he returned to Pennsylvania, built and named Fort Pitt, and surmounted the works with cannon. He worked with George Croghan, the deputy superintendent of Indian affairs, to secure the good will of the Indians.

On 19 June 1759, Stanwix was appointed major-general, but he was relieved by General Robert Monckton on 4 May 1760, and became lieutenant-general on 19 January 1761. After his return to England he was appointed lieutenant-governor of the Isle of Wight, became colonel of the 8th foot, and was a member of parliament for Appleby in Westmorland

He was lost at sea while crossing from Dublin, Ireland, to Holyhead, Wales, in The Eagle, a packet.

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Howard
John Hylton
Member of Parliament for Carlisle
1741–1742
With: Charles Howard
Succeeded by
Charles Howard
John Hylton
Preceded by
Charles Howard
John Hylton
Member of Parliament for Carlisle
1746–1761
With: Charles Howard
Succeeded by
Raby Vane
Henry Curwen
Preceded by
Philip Honywood
Fletcher Norton
Member of Parliament for Appleby
1761–1767
With: Philip Honywood
Succeeded by
Philip Honywood
Charles Jenkinson