John Stuart Williams

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John Stuart Williams
A man with dark, curly hair and a mustache wearing a dark jacket, vest, and tie and a white shirt
United States Senator
from Kentucky
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 4, 1885
Preceded by Thomas C. McCreery
Succeeded by Joseph C.S. Blackburn
Personal details
Born (1818-07-10)July 10, 1818
Mount Sterling, Kentucky
Died July 17, 1898(1898-07-17) (aged 80)
Mount Sterling, Kentucky
Resting place Winchester Cemetery
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Miami University
Profession Lawyer
Military service
Nickname(s) "Cerro Gordo" Williams
Allegiance United States of America
Confederate States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Confederate States Army
Years of service 1846 – 1848
1861 – 1865
Rank Union army col rank insignia.jpg Colonel
Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General
Unit 6th U.S. Infantry, 4th Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers
5th Kentucky Infantry
Commands Department of Southwestern Virginia
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War

John Stuart Williams (July 10, 1818 – July 17, 1898) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum Democratic U.S. Senator from Kentucky.

Early life and career[edit]

Born near Mount Sterling, Kentucky, Williams attended the common schools and graduated from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, in 1839. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1840, and commenced practice in Paris, Kentucky. He served in the Mexican-American War, first as a captain of an independent company attached to the 6th U.S. Infantry, and afterward as a colonel of the Fourth Regiment of the Kentucky Volunteers. He received the nickname "Cerro Gordo Williams" for his gallantry at that battle.

Williams was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1851 and 1853. He became known as a leading proponent of states rights. He was initially an anti-secessionist, but abhorred President Abraham Lincoln's policies and cast his lot with the Confederacy.

Civil War[edit]

With the outbreak of hostilities, Williams travelled to Prestonburg in early 1861 and was commissioned colonel of the 5th Kentucky Infantry. He served initially in the Eastern Theater, initially under Humphrey Marshall in southwestern Virginia. He participated in Marshall's ill-fated invasion of eastern Kentucky in 1862. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1863 and assigned command of the Department of Southwestern Virginia.

He organized a brigade of cavalry and helped resist Ambrose Burnside's invasion of eastern Tennessee in the autumn of 1863. He resigned that command and transferred to Georgia, assuming command of the Kentucky regiments in the cavalry of Joseph Wheeler. He received a formal resolution of thanks from the Second Confederate Congress in the fall of 1864 for his actions at the Battle of Saltville. He surrendered in 1865.

Postbellum[edit]

Williams returned home following the war and went on to engage in agricultural pursuits, with his residence in Winchester, Kentucky.

He again became a member of the State House in 1873 and 1875. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Kentucky in 1875, and was a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1879 and served from March 4, 1879 to March 3, 1885. He failed in his reelection bid and returned to his agricultural pursuits.

Williams became involved in land development in Florida in the late 1880s. Along with a partner, Louisville businessman Walter N. Haldeman, the publisher of the Louisville Courier-Journal; they founded the town of Naples, Florida.

He died in Mount Sterling in 1898 and was interred in Winchester Cemetery in Winchester.

References[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Thomas C. McCreery
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
1879–1885
Served alongside: James B. Beck
Succeeded by
Joseph C. S. Blackburn