John Tchicai

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John Tchicai
John Tchicai Münster.jpg
John Tchicai (Münster Jazz Festival 1987)
Born John Martin Tchicai
(1936-04-28)April 28, 1936
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died October 8, 2012(2012-10-08) (aged 76)
Perpignan, France
Residence Perpignan, France
Occupation Musician
Years active 1962–2012

John Martin Tchicai (April 28, 1936 – October 8, 2012) was a Danish free jazz saxophonist and composer.

After moving to New York City in 1963, Tchicai joined Archie Shepp's New York Contemporary Five and the New York Art Quartet. He played on John Coltrane's Ascension, and Albert Ayler's New York Eye and Ear Control, both influential free jazz recordings.[1]

Biography[edit]

Tchicai was born in Copenhagen to a Danish mother and a Congolese father.[2] The family moved to Aarhus, where he studied violin in his youth, and in his mid-teens began playing clarinet and alto saxophone, focusing on the latter.[3] By the late 1950s he was travelling around northern Europe, playing with many musicians.

Following his work in New York, Tchicai returned to Denmark in 1966, and shortly thereafter focused most of his time on music education. He formed the small orchestra Cadentia Nova Danica with Danish and other European musicians; this group collaborated with Musica Elettronica Viva and performed in multi-media events. In 1969, he took part in the recording of John Lennon's Unfinished Music No.2: Life with the Lions.

On August 30, 1975 his appearance at the Willisau Jazz Festival was recorded and released later that year as Willi The Pig. On this record, he plays with Swiss pianist Irène Schweizer. Tchicai returned to a regular gigging and recording schedule in the late 1970s. In the early 1980s he switched to the tenor saxophone as his primary instrument. In 1990 he was awarded a lifetime grant from the Danish Ministry of Culture.[3]

Tchicai and his wife relocated to Davis, California, in 1991, where he led several ensembles. He was awarded a National Endowment for the Arts fellowship in 1997. He was a member of Henry Kaiser and Wadada Leo Smith's "Yo Miles" band, a loose aggregation of musicians exploring Miles Davis' electric period.

Since 2001 he had been living near Perpignan in southern France. On June 11, 2012, he suffered a brain hemorrhage in an airport in Barcelona, Spain. He was recovering and had canceled all appearances when he died in a Perpignan hospital on 8 October 2012.[4]

Discography[edit]

As leader[edit]

As sideman[edit]

With Albert Ayler

With John Coltrane

With New York Art Quartet

With New York Contemporary Five

With Dell Westergaard Lillinger

  • Dell Westegaard Lillinger feat. John Tchicai (Jazzwerkstatt, 2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Litweiler, John (1984). The Freedom Principle: Jazz after 1958. Da Capo Press. pp. 131–137. 
  2. ^ "Dansk jazzlegende er død" (in Danish). AOK. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  3. ^ a b Huey, Steve. "John Tchicai: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  4. ^ "John Tchicai obituary". The Guardian. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 

External links[edit]