John Tong Hon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Tong.
His Eminence
John Tong Hon
Cardinal Bishop of Hong Kong
John Tong Hon.jpg
Church Roman Catholic Church
Archdiocese Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Guangzhou (nominal)
Province Guangzhou (nominal)
Metropolis Guangzhou (nominal)
Diocese Hong Kong
Appointed 30 January 2008 (Coadjutor)
Installed 15 April 2009
Predecessor Joseph Zen SDB
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Regina Apostolorum
Orders
Ordination 6 January 1966
by Pope Paul VI
Consecration 9 December 1996
by John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung
Created Cardinal 18 February 2012
by Pope Benedict XVI
Rank Cardinal-priest
Personal details
Born (1939-07-31) 31 July 1939 (age 74)
Hong Kong
Nationality Chinese[citation needed]
Denomination Roman Catholic
Residence Hong Kong
Previous post
  • Auxiliary Bishop of Hong Kong (1996–2008)
  • Titular Bishop of Bossa (1996–2008)
  • Coadjutor Bishop of Hong Kong (2008-2009)
Alma mater Chinese University of Hong Kong
Pontifical Urbaniana University
Motto Dominus Pastor Meus
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
John Tong Hon
Traditional Chinese 湯漢[1]
Simplified Chinese 汤汉
Styles of
John Tong Hon
Coat of arms of John Tong Hon.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal

John Tong Hon (born Hong Kong, 31 July 1939) is a Chinese[citation needed] Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Appointed by Pope Benedict XVI, Tong Hon is also the titular Archpriest of the church of Regina Apostolorum in Rome.[2]

In his youth, Tong Hon spent ten years living in Huadu, Guangzhou before returning to Hong Kong.[3] He earned a master's degree in philosophy from the Chinese University of Hong Kong before going on to doctoral studies at the Pontifical Urbaniana University.[1] He was ordained a priest on 9 December 1966.[2] On 13 September 1996, he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Hong Kong.[1][2] He was named to the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples in 2003, after 24 years of service with their Holy Spirit Study Centre in Hong Kong.[4] In March 2005, he travelled to Guangzhou on official business as a representative of the pope, along with other Hong Kong religious leaders; they were received at a banquet luncheon by Zhu Zhenzhong, chairman of the city's political consultative committee.[3]

On 30 January 2008, Pope Benedict XVI raised him to coadjutor bishop from his former position as the auxiliary bishop of the Hong Kong Diocese.[5] He had been named by the Church as being in line for Zen's job as early as 2006; however, he stated he felt little excitement at the prospect of taking up the post.[6] He assumed the post of Bishop of Hong Kong on 15 April 2009 with the retirement of Joseph Zen.[7]

In 2010 as part of his Christmas message, Bishop Tong Hon, called on the Chinese government to free Liu Xiaobo, activist Zhao Lianhai and all those who are in jail for promoting human rights. He also urged Beijing to release all the clergymen from the underground Church who are behind bars for demanding greater religious freedom in China. In his message, he expressed four dreams or aspirations he has for the future of his diocese, namely evangelisation, vocations, the Universal Church and acting as a bridge with mainland.[8]

On 18 February 2012 he was created Cardinal-Priest of Regina Apostolorum. He will have voting rights until his 80th birthday. In March 2012 Cardinal Tong Hon said that the diocese of Hong Kong would take up the role of "Bridge Church", and that the local Church was helping the mainland Church to have better formation, reconcile among themselves and achieve full communion with the Holy Father (the Pope) and the Universal Church. He went on to call for prayers for "the reopening of the China-Vatican dialogue" and for "the graces bestowed upon the excommunicated, so that their early repentance could bring reconciliation in our Church and thus the wounds of our Church could be healed."[9] Cardinal Tong Hon said that he is confident that "if Catholics in China were to enjoy full freedom of religious belief and activities, they would not only be able to contribute more fruitfully to the well-being of society, but would also earn for their Motherland a higher reputation in the international community." Regarding his elevation, he added that, "I feel inadequate yet grateful" and the appointment is both "an honour and a responsibility".[9]

On 21 April 2012 Cardinal Tong Hon was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and the Pontifical Council for Inter Religious Dialogue.

On Saturday, 30 November 2013, Cardinal Tong Hon was named a Member of the Congregation for Catholic Education by Pope Francis.[10]

On 8 March 2014, he was named by Pope Francis to serve as a Cardinal Member of the newly established Council for Economic Affairs, which will oversee the work of the new Secretariat for the Economy, an agency which will have financial regulatory authority over all departments of the Roman Curia.[11]

See also[edit]

Coat of arms of John Tong Hon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chang, Chih-ming (30 January 2008). "教宗委任湯漢主教為香港教區助理主教". Radio Taiwan International News (in Chinese). Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c "Bishop Tong, Hon John". Hong Kong Catholic Diocesan Archives. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Leung, Yu (30 March 2005). "湯漢回故里 鄉情尤切切". Wen Wei Po (in Chinese). Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  4. ^ "Mons. John Tong Hon, Obispo auxiliar de Hong Kong, nombrado consultor de la Congregación para la Evangelización de los Pueblos". Fides (in Spanish). 28 July 2003. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "Pope Names Hong Kong Bishop". Associated Press. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2008. [dead link]
  6. ^ Kiu, Fung (9 October 2006). "陳日君施以退為進伎倆". Ta Kung Pao (in Chinese). Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  7. ^ "Rinuncia e successione del vescovo di Hong Kong (Cina)". Vatican.va. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  8. ^ Mgr Tong urges Beijing to free Liu Xiaobo, Catholic clergymen and human rights activists
  9. ^ a b [1]
  10. ^ http://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/pubblico/2013/11/30/0795/01791.html
  11. ^ http://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/pubblico/2014/03/08/0171/00360.html
Catholic Church titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Peter Lei
Auxiliary Bishop of Hong Kong
1996–2008
Vacant
Vacant
Title last held by
Joseph Zen
Coadjutor Bishop of Hong Kong
2008–2009
Preceded by
Joseph Zen
Bishop of Hong Kong
2009–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Sik Kok Kwong
President of the Hong Kong Buddhist Association
Hong Kong order of precedence
Catholic Bishop of Hong Kong
Succeeded by
Tong Yun-kai
President of the Confucian Academy