John Treadwell Nichols

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Not to be confused with John Nichols (writer), the author of The Milagro Beanfield War, who is sometimes credited as John Treadwell Nichols
Title page of Nichols's Fishes of the Vicinity of New York City (1918)

John Treadwell Nichols (June 11, 1883 – November 10, 1958) was an American ichthyologist.

Biography[edit]

Nichols was born as son of John White Treadwell Nichols in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts.[1] In 1906 he studied vertebrate zoology at Harvard College where he graduated to Bachelor of Arts (AB). In 1907 he joined the American Museum of Natural History as assistant in the department of mammalogy. In 1913 he founded Copeia the official journal of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.[2] In 1916 he described the long lost Bermuda Petrel together with Louis Leon Arthur Mowbray who first sighted this bird within a flock of other petrels in 1906 on Castle Island, Bermuda 45 years before it was officially rediscovered by Mowbray's son Louis.[3] He also described the fish genus Bajacalifornia. He also worked with a team of scientists from the American Museum of Natural History during the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. From 1913 to 1952 he was first assistant curator, then associate curator in charge and finally curator in the Department of Ichthyology at the American Museum of Natural History.

Nichols wrote 1,000 articles and several books (mostly about fish but also about birds) and he made many expeditions around the world.

He died in Garden City, Long Island, New York.[4]

Works (selected)[edit]

  • Fishes in the Vicinity of New York City
  • The Freshwater Fishes of China
  • Field book of Fresh-water Fishes of North America North of Mexico
  • Marine Fishes of New York and Southern New England
  • Fishes and Shells of the Pacific World
  • Representative North American Fresh-water Fishes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Foster Batchelder. An account of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, 1873 to 1919. Nuttall Ornithological Club, 1937. p. 99
  2. ^ American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists – Beginnings
  3. ^ Louis Leon Arthur Mowbray
  4. ^ Dean Amadon. "John Treadwell Nichols". The Auk, Vol. 88, No. 2 (April 1971), pp. 477–480

External links[edit]