John W. Smith (Detroit mayor)

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John W. Smith
John W Smith Detroit.jpg
52nd Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
In office
1924–1928
Preceded by John C. Lodge
Succeeded by John C. Lodge
57th Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
In office
1933–1933
Preceded by Frank Couzens
Succeeded by Frank Couzens
Personal details
Born April 12, 1882
Detroit, Michigan
Died June 17, 1942
Detroit, Michigan

John W. Smith (April 12, 1882 – June 17, 1942) was a long-time member of the Detroit City Council and was twice mayor of Detroit, Michigan.

Early life[edit]

John W. Smith was born in Detroit on April 12, 1882, the son of John W. and Gertrude Wax Smith.[1][2] His father died when Smith was five years old, leaving the family poor.[3] He began working as a newsboy when he was six years old.[3] He quit school in the fifth grade,[4] and worked as a pin-setter in a bowling alley and a newsboy, furthering his education on his own at the libreary.[1][3] He started boxing at a young age,[3] then joined the army at the age of fifteen to fight the Spanish-American War, staying on to fight in the Philippines for some time.[2]

On his return to Detroit in 1901, Smith attended the University of Detroit for a year, simultaneously becoming a journeyman pipefitter.[3] He next joined the Detroit Shipbuilding Company as a pipefitter.[1]

Smith married Marie General;[5] the couple had two children: Dorothy and John W., Jr.[3]

Politics[edit]

Smith became active in Republican politics in 1908,[3] and in 1911 was appointed Deputy State Labor Commissioner by Governor Chase S. Osborn.[1] Two years later he became a deputy at the Wayne County Sheriff's Department. He also served as a deputy US Marshall and deputy county clerk.[2] He was elected to the Michigan State Senate in 1920, and was appointed postmaster of Detroit by Warren G. Harding in 1922.[1]

In 1924, Smith won election as Detroit mayor after Frank Ellsworth Doremus's resignation,[1] continuing in the office until 1928.[6] Smith later served on the Detroit City Council for most of the time from 1932 until his death in 1942.[7] He served one more time as mayor in 1933, acting to fill out the end of Frank Murphy's term,[6] after the latter had resigned and his successor, Frank Couzens, also resigned to concentrate on running for election as mayor.[8] Smith ran for mayor off-and-on, including in 1930 and 1936, and for governor in 1934,[5] but was not elected.[9][10]

John W. Smith died on June 17, 1942.[11]

Political offices
Preceded by
John C. Lodge
Mayor of Detroit
1924-1928
Succeeded by
John C. Lodge
Preceded by
Frank Couzens
Mayor of Detroit
1933
Succeeded by
Frank Couzens

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Philip Parker Mason (1987), Title The Ambassador Bridge: a monument to progress, Wayne State University Press, pp. 75–76, ISBN 0-8143-1840-1 
  2. ^ a b c Edwin Gustav Pipp (1927), Men who have made Michigan, Pipp's magazine 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Ex-Mayor of Deroit". The Windsor Daily Star. Jun 18, 1942. 
  4. ^ Michigan State Library (1919), Michigan Library Bulletin, Volumes 10-17, p. 45 
  5. ^ a b Who's Who in Detroit, 1935-36, Walter Romig & Co, 1935, p. 296 
  6. ^ a b "Mayors of the City of Detroit". Detroit Public Library. 2006. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Detroit City Council, 1919 to present". Detroit Public Library. Retrieved November 6, 2010. 
  8. ^ "KELLY, WHEALAN PLEDGE HELP TO RECOVERY DRIVE". Chicago Tribune. Sep 9, 1933. 
  9. ^ "LABOR: In Detroit". Time Magazine. Oct 18, 1937. 
  10. ^ "National Affairs: Detroit's Irishman". Time Magazine. September 22, 1930. 
  11. ^ "JOHN W. SMITH; Detroit's Ex-Mayor, 59, Had Served Also as...". New York Times. Jun 18, 1942.