John W. Taylor (politician)

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John W. Taylor
JohnWTaylor.jpg
11th & 14th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
November 15, 1820 – March 4, 1821
December 5, 1825 – March 4, 1827
President James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Preceded by Henry Clay (twice)
Succeeded by Philip P. Barbour
Andrew Stevenson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1823
Preceded by Thomas R. Gold
Succeeded by Charles A. Foote
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 17th district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1833
Preceded by Thomas H. Hubbard
Succeeded by Joel Turrill
Personal details
Born March 26, 1784
Charlton, New York
Died September 18, 1854 (aged 70)
Cleveland, Ohio
Political party Democratic-Republican
National Republican
Spouse(s) Jane Hodge Taylor
Alma mater Union College
Profession Law

John W. Taylor (March 26, 1784 – September 18, 1854) was an early 19th-century U.S. politician from New York.

Life[edit]

He was born in 1784 in that part of the Town of Ballston, then in Albany County, New York, which was, upon the creation of Saratoga County in 1791, split off to form the Town of Charlton. He received his first education at home.

Taylor graduated from Union College in 1803 as valedictorian of his class. Then he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1807, and practiced in Ballston Spa, New York. In 1806, he married Jane Hodge (d. 1838), of Albany, New York, and they had eight children. He was a member from Saratoga County of the New York State Assembly in 1812 and 1812-13.

Taylor served in the United States House of Representatives for 20 years, from 1813 to 1833, and served twice as Speaker of the House. He also was a representative of New York in the Missouri Compromise, where he took a stance against the extension of slavery along with people such as John Quincy Adams.

After leaving Congress, Taylor resumed his law practice in Ballston Spa, and was a member of the New York State Senate (4th D.) in 1841 and 1842. He resigned his seat on August 19, 1842, after suffering a paralytic stroke. In 1843, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to live with his eldest daughter and her husband William D. Beattie, and died there 11 years later. He was buried in the Ballston Spa Village Cemetery.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas R. Gold
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 11th congressional district

1813–1823
Succeeded by
Charles A. Foote
Preceded by
Henry Clay
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
1820–1821
Succeeded by
Philip Pendleton Barbour
Preceded by
Thomas H. Hubbard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 17th congressional district

1823–1833
Succeeded by
Samuel Beardsley,
Joel Turrill
Preceded by
Henry Clay
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
1825–1827
Succeeded by
Andrew Stevenson
New York State Senate
Preceded by
Samuel Young
New York State Senate
Fourth District (Class 2)

1841–1842
Succeeded by
Sidney Lawrence