John W. Weeks

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John W. Weeks
John Wingate Weeks, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg
48th United States Secretary of War
In office
March 5, 1921 – October 13, 1925
President Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Preceded by Newton D. Baker
Succeeded by Dwight F. Davis
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1919
Preceded by Winthrop M. Crane
Succeeded by David I. Walsh
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 12th district
In office
March 4, 1905 – March 4, 1913
Preceded by Samuel L. Powers
Succeeded by James M. Curley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1913
Preceded by William S. Greene
Succeeded by John J. Mitchell
Personal details
Born John Wingate Weeks
(1860-04-11)April 11, 1860
299 Elm Street, Lancaster, New Hampshire
Died July 12, 1926(1926-07-12) (aged 66)
Lancaster, New Hampshire
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Martha Aroline Sinclair
Alma mater United States Naval Academy
Occupation banker
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1881-1883, 1898
Rank Lieutenant

John Wingate Weeks (April 11, 1860 – July 12, 1926) was an American politician in the Republican Party. He served as the Mayor of Newton, Massachusetts from 1902 to 1903, a United States Representative for Massachusetts from 1905 to 1913, as a United States Senator from 1913 to 1919, and as Secretary of War from 1921 to 1925.

Life and career[edit]

Weeks was born and raised in Lancaster, New Hampshire. He received an appointment to the United States Naval Academy, graduating in 1881, and served two years in the United States Navy. He married Martha Aroline Sinclair on 7 October 1885.

Former Washington, D.C. residence of John W. Weeks

Weeks made a fortune in banking during the 1890s, after co-founding the Boston financial firm Hornblower & Weeks in 1888.[1] With his financial well-being assured, Weeks became active in politics, first at a local level in his then-home of Newton, Massachusetts, serving as alderman in 1899–1902 and as mayor in 1903–04. He then moved on to the national scene in 1905, when he was elected to serve the 12th Congressional District of Massachusetts in United States Congress.[2]

As a member of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate, Weeks made various contributions to important banking and conservation legislation. His most notable accomplishment as Congressman was the passage of the Weeks Act in 1911, his name-sake bill that enabled the creation of national forests in the eastern United States.

Despite his defeat for re-election to the Senate in 1918, Weeks remained an active and influential participant in the national Republican Party. He was an early supporter of the nomination of Warren G. Harding for President in 1920, and when Harding became President, he named Weeks to his cabinet.

As Secretary of War, Weeks was a competent, honest, and respected administrator and adviser, who guided the Department of War through its post-World War I downsizing. Weeks's hard work and long hours led to a stroke in April 1925, which led in turn to his resignation as Secretary in October of that year.

Weeks's grave in Arlington National Cemetery.

Weeks died several months later, at his summer home on Mount Prospect in Lancaster, New Hampshire. His ashes were buried in Arlington National Cemetery near what is now known as Weeks Drive.[3]

Weeks's son, Charles Sinclair Weeks, was briefly a United States Senator from Massachusetts, and was later Secretary of Commerce during the Eisenhower administration.

Weeks's cousin, Edgar Weeks, was a U.S. Representative from Michigan. His granduncle, also named John Wingate Weeks (1781–1853), was a Major in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812 and a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire.

Namesakes[edit]

Weeks's summer home where he died is now open for tours as part of the Weeks State Park. A nearby mountain was named Mount Weeks in his honor.

The John W. Weeks Bridge, a footbridge over the Charles River on the campus of Harvard University in Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts, was named for Weeks and opened in 1927.

The John Wingate Weeks Junior High School built in 1930 in Newton Centre, Massachusetts, was named for him.

During World War II, the U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Weeks (DE-285) was named for Weeks. Her construction was cancelled in 1944.

The destroyer USS John W. Weeks (DD-701) then was named for Weeks. She was in commission from 1944 to 1970.

The investment banking and brokerage firm Hornblower and Weeks, founded in 1888, was named for Weeks and co-founder Henry Hornblower.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garraty, John A. and Carnes, Mark C.: American National Biography, vol. 22, "Weeks, John Wingate". New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
  2. ^ "John W. Weeks (1860-1926)". John W. Weeks (1860-1926). Forest History Society. 2010-03-25. 
  3. ^ John Wingate Weeks at ArlingtonCemetery.net.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel L. Powers
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 12th congressional district

1905 – March 4, 1913
Succeeded by
James Michael Curley
Preceded by
William S. Greene
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 13th congressional district

March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1913 (one day)
Succeeded by
John J. Mitchell
United States Senate
Preceded by
Winthrop M. Crane
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
March 4, 1913–1919
Served alongside: Henry Cabot Lodge
Succeeded by
David I. Walsh
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward L. Pickard
Mayor of Newton, Massachusetts
1902-1903
Succeeded by
Alonzo R. Weed
Preceded by
Newton D. Baker
U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge

March 5, 1921 – October 13, 1925
Succeeded by
Dwight F. Davis
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Frank O. Lowden
Cover of Time Magazine
October 22, 1923
Succeeded by
Roy Chapman Andrews