John Wall Callcott

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"John Callcott" redirects here. For the English artist (1817–1903), see John Callcott Horsley.
John Wall Callcott.
Portrait by Burnet Reading (1815).

John Wall Callcott (20 November 1766 – 15 May 1821) was an eminent English composer.

Callcott was born in Kensington, London. He was a pupil of Haydn, and is celebrated mainly for his glee compositions and catches. In the best known of his catches he ridiculed Sir John Hawkins' History of Music. Although ill-health prevented Callcott from completing his Musical Dictionary, His Musical Grammar (1806) remained in use throughout the 19th century.

His glees number at least 100, of which 8 won prizes. Callcott set lyrics by leading poets of his day, including Thomas Gray, Sir Walter Scott, Thomas Chatterton, Robert Southey and Ossian. They include (selective list):

  • O snatch me swift for 5 voices SATBarB
  • It was a friar of orders grey for 3 voices SSB
  • In the lonely vale of streams for 4 voices SATB
  • Ella for 4 voices SATB
  • Cara, vale! for 4 voices SSTB
  • Father of Heroes (1792) for 5 voices ATTBB
  • The Erl-King - a setting of Goethe's Erlkönig translated into English by Matthew Lewis, author of the Gothic novel, The Monk,
  • the original setting (as a three part glee) of Drink to me only with thine eyes

A number of his glees specify two soprano or treble (boy soprano) voices, the second of which has a range appropriate to a female mezzo-soprano or contralto (but would have been thought too high for a counter-tenor of this period).

Callcott also composed solo songs and religious music including psalms and sacred canons.

Callcott's daughter Elizabeth married William Horsley who, in 1824, published A collection of Glees Canons and Catches, an edition of his father-in-law's works together with a Memoir of Dr Callcott. His brother, Augustus Wall Callcott, was a noted landscape painter.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sketches of (the English) Glee Composers by David Baptie. William Reeves: London, 1896

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "Callcott, John Wall". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.