John Walsh (U.S. politician)

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For the Massachusetts political operative, see John E. Walsh.
John Walsh
John Walsh, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Montana
Incumbent
Assumed office
February 9, 2014[1]
Serving with Jon Tester
Appointed by Steve Bullock
Preceded by Max Baucus
30th Lieutenant Governor of Montana
In office
January 7, 2013 – February 9, 2014
Governor Steve Bullock
Preceded by John Bohlinger
Succeeded by Angela McLean
Adjutant General of Montana
In office
September 1, 2008 – March 2012
Governor Brian Schweitzer
Preceded by Randall Mosley[2]
Succeeded by Joel Cusker (Acting)[3]
Personal details
Born (1960-11-03) November 3, 1960 (age 53)
Butte, Montana, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Janet Walsh
Children 2
Alma mater Carroll College
Excelsior College
United States Army Command
and General Staff College

United States Army War College
Religion Christian[4]
Website Congressional website
Campaign website
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1979–2012
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General (Montana)
US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel (U.S. National Guard)
Unit US Army National Guard Insignia.svg Montana National Guard
Battles/wars Iraq War
Awards Bronze Star medal.jpg Bronze Star Medal
Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge

John E. Walsh (born November 3, 1960) is the junior United States Senator from Montana, serving since February 9, 2014.[5][6] A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as a United States Army National Guard colonel, the adjutant general of the Montana National Guard with a state commission as a brigadier general from 2008 to 2012, and Lieutenant Governor of Montana from 2013 to 2014.[7]

In October 2013, Walsh announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate in 2014 to succeed retiring Democratic incumbent Max Baucus.[8] He was appointed to fill Baucus' seat for the remainder of the term[9] and was running as an incumbent for election in 2014. On August 7, 2014, he announced that he was dropping out of the race, a decision linked largely to the fallout from allegations made in The New York Times that he had plagiarized portions of a 2007 research paper he had written while at the Army War College.[10]

Early life and education[edit]

Walsh was born on November 3, 1960, in Butte, Montana, and graduated from Butte High School in 1979. He enlisted in the Montana Army National Guard after graduating from high school in 1979, and received his commission as an officer in 1987.[11]

Walsh is a graduate of the Armor Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Combined Arms and Services Staff School, and the United States Army Command and General Staff College.[12]

He attended Carroll College and received a Bachelor's degree from Regents College, the University of the State of New York (now Excelsior College) in 1990. He received a Master's degree in strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College in 2007.[13][14]

On July 23, 2014, The New York Times alleged that Walsh plagiarized two-thirds of a 14-page strategy research paper, a requirement for his 2007 Master's degree, with some material directly copied from sources without attribution.[15][16] Walsh admitted to the allegations, but stated that it was not done intentionally.[15][17] He said he was being treated for PTSD at the time,[15] and that "it may have been a factor", though he did not blame PTSD for the mistake.[18] The Army War College referred the case to its Academic Review Board on July 25.[19] The board began its investigation on August 15.[20] While jurisdiction over the issue remains with the Army War College, the review board will send its findings to the Army’s inspector general’s office before they are released.[21] While lesser penalties are possible, they could include the War College rescinding his degree.[22][23]

Montana Army National Guard[edit]

Walsh as Adjutant General of the Montana National Guard

Walsh served in the Montana Army National Guard for 33 years.[24] In this capacity he led 1st Battalion, 163rd Infantry Regiment in combat in Iraq. He earned the Bronze Star Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge.[25] In 2000, he led operations of over 2,000 Guard members during Montana's wildfires.

In 2008 Walsh was appointed Adjutant General and received a state promotion to brigadier general. He resigned in 2012 to run for Lieutenant Governor, and continued to serve as a traditional Army Guardsman (one weekend drill per month, two weeks of annual training each year). He was appointed by his successor to serve as the Montana Army National Guard commander. Walsh retired from the National Guard in December 2012.[26]

In 2010, an Army Inspector General report concluded that Walsh used the Adjutant General's post for "private gain" by pressuring subordinates into joining the National Guard Association of the United States in an effort to bolster Montana's membership numbers and enhance Walsh's candidacy for Vice President of NGAUS.[24][27] Walsh disagreed with the IG's report, explaining it stemmed from a disagreement in interpreting the rules which govern when and how Department of Defense employees can take part in activities such as running for a NGAUS leadership position.[28] Walsh further noted that the NGAUS position was uncompensated, requiring him to travel to meetings at his own expense.[29] The report prevented him from receiving federal recognition as a general officer during his tenure as Adjutant General.[30] (Adjutants General are normally federally recognized as major generals in the reserve component of the Army or Air Force, provided they meet all eligibility criteria.) News accounts indicated that Walsh received a formal letter from General Peter W. Chiarelli, then the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, in which Chiarelli reminded Walsh of his obligation to remain impartial in his dealings with non-federal entities, such as NGAUS.[31]

Former Governor Brian Schweitzer said that when he received the report in 2010, he considered it "much ado about nothing."[29] Contemporary news accounts indicated that Schweitzer wrote to Chiarelli to state his confidence in Walsh's integrity and abilities, and to urge his promotion to the federally recognized general officer ranks.[31]

Lieutenant Governor of Montana[edit]

In March 2012, Attorney General and presumptive Democratic gubernatorial nominee Steve Bullock selected Walsh to be his running mate.[32] The pair won the Democratic primary with 87% of the vote. In the general election, Bullock and Walsh defeated their Republican opponents, former Congressman Rick Hill and his running mate, State Senator Jon Sonju, by 49% to 47%.[33] They assumed office in January 2013 upon the expiration of the term of Governor Schweitzer and Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger.[34]

U.S. Senate[edit]

Appointment[edit]

In December 2013, President Barack Obama nominated retiring United States Senator Max Baucus to be the next United States Ambassador to China.[35] On February 6, 2014, Baucus was confirmed and resigned his Senate seat. On February 9, Governor Bullock appointed Walsh to serve the remainder of Baucus's Senate term, and Walsh resigned as Lieutenant Governor.[36] He was sworn in on February 11, taking the oath from Vice President Joe Biden.[37][38]

Committee assignments[edit]

Legislative work[edit]

Walsh supported passage of the Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act and reauthorization of the Native American Languages Act of 1990. "Preserving Native languages is essential to improving education for tribal nations," he said.[40] Along with six other Democratic senators, Walsh co-sponsored the Small Business Tax Credits Accessibility Act, which was introduced in the House of Representatives on February 28.[41][42] He and Republican Congressman Steve Daines supported the North Fork Watershed Protection Act of 2013 (H.R. 2259; 113th Congress), which proposed to "protect both sides of the Flathead River drainage from energy and mineral development."[43] The bill passed in the House, but Senate Republicans prevented it from being voted on, killing it in the Senate.[44] He asked Congress to support the Keystone Pipeline and proposed to leave infrastructure decisions to the State Department, instead of the President.[45] He supported extending the tax credit for wind energy, and passing the Medicare Protection Act.[46][47] Along with many Democrats and one Independent, he supported the Paycheck Fairness Act.[48]

On June 18, 2014, in a speech before the Senate, he urged the U.S. should react with "extreme caution" to events in Iraq. He spoke briefly about his experiences as an infantry officer there, and urged other Congressmen to consider the ongoing impacts of war in their decision.[49] On July 8, 2014, Walsh introduced the Bring Jobs Home Act (S. 2569; 113th Congress), a bill that would amend the Internal Revenue Code to grant business taxpayers a tax credit for up to 20% of insourcing expenses incurred for eliminating a business located outside the United States and relocating it within the United States, and deny a tax deduction for outsourcing expenses incurred in relocating a U.S. business outside the United States.[50][51]

2014 election[edit]

On October 3, 2013, Walsh announced his intention to run for the seat of retiring Senator Max Baucus. On February 9, 2014, Walsh was appointed to replace Baucus in the Senate after Baucus stepped down early, making Walsh the incumbent in the race.[52] Rancher Dirk Adams and former Montana Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger also ran for the Democratic nomination.[53][54][55][56] Walsh was endorsed by Governor Bullock, Senator Jon Tester, and former Senator Baucus, an arrangement which was criticized by his opponent as being "politically motivated," designed to give Walsh an advantage in the election by making him an incumbent, which would aid fundraising efforts.[57] Walsh defeated Adams and Bohlinger in the June 3, 2014 primary election.[58] Republican Congressman Steve Daines defeated two other candidates in the Republican primary and would have been Walsh's opponent in the general election.[56] Walsh was endorsed by the Planned Parenthood Action Fund.[59][60]

Beyond the plagiarism accusations themselves as raised by the Times, Walsh's campaign was criticized for missteps in its response to the allegations.[61] The campaign office acknowledged they had made an "unintentional mistake" when they stated Walsh had "survived hundreds of IED explosions".[62] They clarified that this figure applied to his unit; Walsh personally survived one attack.[61][63] In July 2014, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee announced that it was "100% behind" Walsh.[64] At least three Montana newspapers, the Missoulian, the Billings Gazette, and the Bozeman-area Montana Pioneer, published editorials calling for Walsh to end his candidacy because of the plagiarism allegation.[65]

On August 7, 2014, Walsh announced that he was leaving the 2014 race and would concentrate on finishing up his term in the Senate, which will end in January 2015. The Montana state Democratic Central Committee had until August 20 to select a replacement candidate to appear on the November ballot.[10] On August 16, the Montana Democratic Party chose State Representative Amanda Curtis as Walsh's replacement.[66]

Personal[edit]

Walsh met his wife, Janet, in college. The couple have two grown sons. Michael is a member of the Army National Guard and Taylor is pursuing an acting career.[67][68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "States in the Senate – Montana's United States Senators". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  2. ^ Kidston, Martin J. (2008-09-05). "New adjutant general set to take command of Guard". Helenair.com Independent Record. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  3. ^ "Helena News | Great Falls News – New Adjutant General". Beartooth NBC. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  4. ^ "Roll Call New Member Profiles: 113th Congress John Walsh, D-M.T. (Senate)". rollcall.com. February 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ Sullivan, Sean. "Montana governor appoints Lt. Gov. John Walsh to Senate". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  6. ^ Cassata, Donna. "John Walsh Sworn In As Montana Senator, Replacing Max Baucus". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  7. ^ Dennison, Mike (January 19, 2014). "Critical review blocked Walsh from promotion to Army general". Missoulian. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Blake, Aaron, "Montana Lt. Gov. John Walsh (D) to run for Senate", Washington Post, October 3, 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
  9. ^ Sullivan, Sean, and Aaron Blake, "Montana governor appoints Lt. Gov. John Walsh to Senate", Washington Post, February 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
  10. ^ a b Press release (2014-08-07). "Walsh drops out of race for U.S. Senate". Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-08-07. 
  11. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (2012-03-07). "Bullock to name Gen. Walsh as running mate". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  12. ^ "Brigadier General John E. Walsh". Montana National Guard. 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  13. ^ "Steve Bullock & John Walsh". Montana Democratic Party. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  14. ^ "John Walsh biography". Missoulian. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  15. ^ a b c Martin, Jonathan (July 23, 2014), "Senator’s Thesis Turns Out to Be Remix of Others’ Works, Uncited", The New York Times, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  16. ^ Martin, Jonathan (July 23, 2014), "How Senator John Walsh Plagiarized a Final Paper", The New York Times, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  17. ^ Democrats stand by Sen. John Walsh after plagiarism accusations, CBSNews.com, July 24, 2014, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  18. ^ "Veterans' response to senator's PTSD remarks mixed", Yahoo! News (Associated Press), July 26, 2014, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  19. ^ Arm War College Community Banner, The United States Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, July 25, 2014, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  20. ^ "War College begins investigation into Walsh's plagiarism", The Missoulian (Associated Press), August 15, 2014, retrieved August 21, 2014 
  21. ^ Army War College To Decide John Walsh's Fate In Plagiarism Investigation, Huffington Post, July 30, 2014, retrieved August 1, 2014 
  22. ^ Volz, Matt (July 29, 2014), "Defense Department to Oversee Walsh Plagiarism Probe", Flathead Beacon (Associated Press), retrieved July 29, 2014 
  23. ^ Levine, Marianne (July 29, 2014), "Defense Department to review plagiarism inquiry of Sen. John Walsh", Los Angeles Times, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  24. ^ a b Talwani, Sanjay (2013-12-28). "Army report cites Walsh for improper private gain during MT National Guard service". KRTV. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  25. ^ "Mid-Winter Conference Highlights". Kiwanis. 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  26. ^ http://governor.mt.gov/ltgovernor/[dead link]
  27. ^ "Report of Investigation (Case 10-025)". US Army Inspector Genreral Agency. August 25, 2010. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  28. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (2013-12-28). "Walsh disputes Army report he used National Guard general’s post for private gain". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  29. ^ a b The Associated Press (2014-07-21). "Army IG: Mont. politician misused adjutant general position". Army Times. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  30. ^ Mike Dennison, Montana Standard, Adverse Report Prevented Walsh From Promotion to Army General, January 18, 2014
  31. ^ a b The Montana Standard State Bureau (2014-01-18). "Schweitzer wrote Army defending Walsh after IG report". Montana Standard. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  32. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (March 9, 2012). "Bullock makes pick of Walsh as running mate official". Independent Record. Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  33. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (2012-11-07). "Bullock defeats Hill in Montana governor race". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  34. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (2013-01-07). "Bullock sworn in as Montana's 24th governor". Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  35. ^ "Obama Announces Nomination Of Max Baucus As China Ambassador". Talking Points Memo. 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  36. ^ "Politics News and U.S. Elections Coverage". ABC News. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  37. ^ Bruno, James (2014-02-09). "John Walsh appointed to Montana Senate seat – Jose DelReal". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  38. ^ "John Walsh sworn in as Montana’s junior senator". Onpolitics.usatoday.com. 2014-07-22. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  39. ^ "Walsh nominated to serve on 4 U.S. Senate committees". Kpax.com. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  40. ^ Office of Senator John Walsh (2014-05-16). "Walsh Fights to Protect and Maintain Tribal Languages". Indian Country Today Media Network. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  41. ^ "Sens. Franken, Begich, Hirono, Shaheen, Landrieu, Warner, Walsh Co-Sponsor Legislation to Expand Tax Credits to Small Businesses". votesmart.org. February 28, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Summary: H.R.4128 — 113th Congress (2013–2014)". congress.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  43. ^ Scott, Tristan (March 4, 2014). "North Fork Watershed Protection Act Passes U.S. House". Flathead Beacon. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  44. ^ Walsh, John (April 3, 2014). "Walsh Disappointed that Senate Fails to Pass Landmark Conservation Bill to Protect North Fork". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  45. ^ Lutey, Tom (May 8, 2014). "Walsh: pass Keystone, remove Obama from cross-border infrastructure decisions". Billings Gazette. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  46. ^ "Letter to Ron Wyden, Chairman Committee on Finance and Orrin Hatch, Ranking Member Committee on Finance – Include Extensions of Investment Tax Credit and Production Tax Credit for Wind Energy in Upcoming Tax-Extenders Package". votesmart.org. March 21, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  47. ^ Walsh, John (April 7, 2014). "Walsh Sponsors Medicare Protection Act to Secure Health Services for Montanans". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  48. ^ "S 2199 – Paycheck Fairness Act – Key Vote". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Senator Walsh on Violence in Iraq". C-SPAN.org. 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2014-06-19. 
  50. ^ Everett, Burgess (23 July 2014). "Borrowed time: Tale of a Walsh bill". Politico. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  51. ^ "S. 2569 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  52. ^ Johnson, Charles (7 February 2014). "Bullock taps Walsh for Senate seat". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  53. ^ "Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Bohlinger runs 'bold' shoestring campaign". Missoulian.com. 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  54. ^ "Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Adams touts environment, business background". Missoulian.com. 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  55. ^ "Bohlinger announces candidacy for U.S. Senate". KXLH.com. 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  56. ^ a b Delreal, Jose (7 February 2014). "John Walsh appointed to Montana Senate seat". Politico. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  57. ^ "Daines campaign ad attacks Walsh appointment to U.S. Senate a 'buy-off'". Missoulian.com. 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  58. ^ AP/The Huffington Post. "John Walsh Wins Primary In Montana Senate Race". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  59. ^ "Planned Parenthood Locan and National Political Advocacy Groups endorse Montana lt. Gov. John Walsh for Senate". Planned Parenthood. January 14, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  60. ^ Johnson, Charles S. (March 8, 2014). "Planned Parenthood head: Montana race critical for Democratic Senate control". Billings Gazette. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  61. ^ a b Blake, Aaron (July 24, 2014), "Sen. John Walsh, and how not to respond to a political scandal", The Washington Post, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  62. ^ Passalacqua, Lauren (July 24, 2014), Fact Sheet regarding Senator John Walsh, Walsh for Montana, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  63. ^ Rosenthal, Andrew (July 24, 2014), John Walsh’s Campaign Sinking Under Plagiarism, retrieved July 29, 2014 
  64. ^ Plagiarism Raises Ethical Alarm at Military School, New York Times, July 25, 2014, retrieved July 26, 2014 
  65. ^ John Walsh Receives Calls From Montana Press To End Senate Campaign, Huffington Post, August 4, 2014, retrieved August 5, 2014 
  66. ^ "Amanda Curtis wins Montana Democratic nomination to U.S. Senate". The Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-08-16. 
  67. ^ Bushnell, Dan, A New Era Begins for the Montana National Guard, Big Sky Guardian (Montana National Guard) Fall 2008, page 11
  68. ^ Johnson, Charles S (2012-03-08). "Democrat Bullock taps former Montana adjutant general for lieutenant governor". Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Bohlinger
Lieutenant Governor of Montana
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Angela McLean
United States Senate
Preceded by
Max Baucus
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Montana
2014–present
Served alongside: Jon Tester
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Max Baucus
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Montana
(Class 2)
Withdrew

2014
Succeeded by
Amanda Curtis
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Cory Booker
as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
Order of Precedence of the United States Succeeded by
Current Governors
as Governors in order of statehood other than that in which the event is held
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Cory Booker
Seniority in the U.S. Senate
100th
Least senior senator