John Walsh (U.S. politician)
|United States Senator
February 9, 2014
Serving with Jon Tester
|Appointed by||Steve Bullock|
|Preceded by||Max Baucus|
|30th Lieutenant Governor of Montana|
January 7, 2013 – February 9, 2014
|Preceded by||John Bohlinger|
|Succeeded by||Angela McLean|
|Adjutant General of Montana|
September 1, 2008 – March 2012
|Preceded by||Randall Mosley|
|Succeeded by||Joel Cusker (Acting)|
November 3, 1960 |
Butte, Montana, U.S.
|Alma mater||Carroll College
United States Army Command
and General Staff College
United States Army War College
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1979–2012|
|Rank||Brigadier General (Montana)|
|Unit||Montana National Guard|
|Awards|| Bronze Star Medal
Combat Infantryman Badge
John E. Walsh (born November 3, 1960) is the junior United States Senator from Montana, serving since February 9, 2014. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as a United States Army Colonel, the Adjutant General of the Montana National Guard from 2008 to 2012, and Lieutenant Governor of Montana from 2013 to 2014.
In October 2013, Walsh announced that he was running for the U.S. Senate in 2014 to succeed retiring Democratic incumbent Max Baucus. In February 2014, Governor Steve Bullock appointed Walsh to the seat to replace Baucus, who resigned to become United States Ambassador to China.
Early life and education
Walsh was born on November 3, 1960 in Butte, Montana, and graduated from Butte High School in 1979. He attended Carroll College, received a Bachelor's degree from Regents College, the University of the State of New York (now Excelsior College) in 1990 and a Master's degree in strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College in 1997.
Walsh is a graduate of the Armor Officer Basic and Advanced Courses, the Combined Arms and Services Staff School, and the United States Army Command and General Staff College.
Montana National Guard
He served in the Montana National Guard for thirty years. In this capacity he led 1st Battalion, 163rd Infantry Regiment in combat in Iraq. He earned the Bronze Star Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge. He also led operations of over 2,000 Guard members during Montana's 2000 wildfires.
In 2008 Walsh was appointed Adjutant General and received a state promotion to Brigadier General. After resigning in 2012 to run for Lieutenant Governor he continued to serve as a traditional National Guard member (one weekend drill per month, two weeks of annual training each year), and was appointed by his successor, to serve as the Montana Army National Guard's Land Component Commander. Walsh retired from the National Guard in December 2012.
In December 2013 the Montana Television Network reported that a 2010 Army Inspector General report concluded that Walsh had used the Adjutant General's post for "private gain." According to the report, Walsh used his position to "pressure" subordinates into joining the National Guard Association of the United States in an effort bolster Montana's membership numbers as a way to enhance Walsh's credentials during his candidacy for Vice President of NGAUS.
In response, Walsh stated that he disagreed with the IG, pointing out that he was not disciplined. Walsh went on to say that the IG report stemmed from a disagreement in interpreting the rules which govern when and how Department of Defense employees can take part in activities such as running for a NGAUS leadership position.
Walsh further pointed out that the NGAUS position is an uncompensated one which required him to travel to meetings at his own expense. In Walsh's defense, former Governor Brian Schweitzer said that when he received the report in 2010, he considered it "much ado about nothing."
In January 2014, Walsh confirmed that the 2010 Army Inspector General's report on his National Guard Association of the United States activities prevented him from receiving federal recognition as a general officer during his tenure as Adjutant General. (Adjutants General are normally federally recognized as Major Generals in the Reserve Component of the U.S. Army for Army National Guard officers, or the Air Reserve Component of the U.S. Air Force for Air National Guard officers, provided they meet all the eligibility criteria.) News accounts on the IG report also indicated that Walsh received a formal letter from General Peter W. Chiarelli, then the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, in which Chiarelli reminded Walsh of his obligation to remain impartial in his dealings with non-federal entities, such as NGAUS. Contemporary news accounts also indicated that then-Governor Schweitzer wrote to Chiarelli to state his confidence in Walsh's integrity and abilities, and to urge his promotion to the federally recognized general officer ranks.
Lieutenant Governor of Montana
In March 2012, Attorney General and presumptive Democratic gubernatorial nominee Steve Bullock selected Walsh to be his running mate. The pair won the Democratic primary with 87% of the vote. In the general election, Bullock and Walsh defeated their Republican opponents, former Congressman Rick Hill and his running mate, State Senator Jon Sonju, by 49% to 47%. They assumed office in January 2013 upon the expiration of the term of Governor Schweitzer and Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger.
In December 2013, President Barack Obama nominated retiring United States Senator Max Baucus to be the next United States Ambassador to China. On February 6, 2014, Baucus was confirmed and resigned his Senate seat. On February 9, Governor Steve Bullock then appointed Walsh to serve the remainder of Baucus's Senate term, and Walsh resigned as Lieutenant Governor. He was sworn in on February 11, taking the oath from Vice President Joe Biden.
On October 3, 2013, Walsh announced his intention to run for the seat of retiring Senator Max Baucus. On February 9, 2014, Walsh was appointed to replace Baucus in the Senate after Baucus stepped down early, making Walsh the incumbent in the race. Rancher Dirk Adams and former Montana Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger also ran for the Democratic nomination. Walsh has been endorsed by Governor Bullock, Senator Jon Tester, and former Senator Max Baucus, an arrangement which was criticized by his opponent as being "politically motivated," designed to give Walsh an advantage in the election by making him an incumbent, which would aid fundraising efforts. Walsh defeated Adams and Bohlinger in the June 3, 2014 primary election. Republican Congressman Steve Daines defeated two other candidates in the Republican primary and is Walsh's opponent in the general election. Walsh has been endorsed by the Planned Parenthood Action Fund.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Committee on Rules and Administration
- Special Committee on Aging
Walsh has supported passage of the Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act and reauthorization of the Native American Languages Act of 1990. He said of his decision, "Preserving Native languages is essential to improving education for tribal nations.” Along with six other Democrats in the Senate, Walsh co-sponsored the Small Business Tax Credits Accessibility Act, which was introduced in the House of Representatives on February 28. He and Daines both supported the North Fork Watershed Protection Act of 2013 (H.R. 2259; 113th Congress), which proposed to "protect both sides of the Flathead River drainage from energy and mineral development." The bill passed in the House, but Senate Republicans prevented it from being voted on, killing it in the Senate. He has asked Congress to support the Keystone Pipeline and proposed to leave infrastructure decisions to the State Department, instead of the President. He has supported funding the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, extending tax credit for wind energy, and passing the Medicare Protection Act. Along with many Democrats and one Independent, he supported the Paycheck Fairness Act.
On June 18, 2014, in a speech before the Senate, he urged "'extreme caution' in the U.S. response to violence in Iraq." He also spoke briefly about his experiences in Iraq as an infantry officer, and urged other Congressmen to consider the ongoing impacts of war in their decision.
- Montana's United States Senators, Senate.gov
- Martin J. Kidston, Helena Independent Record, New Adjutant General set to Take Command of Guard, September 5, 2008
- Kristin Price, Beartooth NBC, New Adjutant General, March 8, 2012
- "Roll Call New Member Profiles: 113th Congress John Walsh, D-M.T. (Senate)". rollcall.com. February 24, 2013.
- "Montana Governor appoints Lt. Governor to Senate", Washington Post, February 7, 2014.
- Donna Cassata, Associated Press, Huffington Post, John Walsh Sworn In As Montana Senator, Replacing Max Baucus, February 11, 204
- Dennison, Mike (January 19, 2014). "Critical review blocked Walsh from promotion to Army general". Missoulian. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
- Washington Post, Montana Democrats Get Higher Profile US Senate Candidate They Have Been Searching For, October 3, 2013
- Washington Post, Montana governor appoints Lt. Gov. John Walsh to Senate, February 7, 2014
- Montana Democratic Party, Biography, John Walsh, 2012
- The Missoulian, Biography, John Walsh, March 8, 2012
- Charles S. Johnson, Billings Gazette, Bullock to Name Gen. Walsh as Running Mate, March 7, 2012
- Montana National Guard, Biography, John E. Walsh, 2008
- Montana Kiwanis, Speaker's biography, John Walsh, page 1, 2013
- Montana.Gov, Biography, Lieutenant Governor John Walsh, retrieved October 23, 2013
- Sanjay Talwani, KRTV-TV, Army Report Cites Walsh for Improper Private Gain During MT National Guard Service, December 28, 2013
- U.S. Army Inspector General, Report of Investigation, Colonel John E. Walsh, August 30, 2010
- Charles S. Johnson, Billings Gazette, Walsh disputes Army report he used National Guard General’s Post for Private Gain, December 28, 2013
- Army Times, Army IG: Mont. Politician Misused Adjutant General Position, December 31, 2013
- Mike Dennison, Montana Standard, Adverse Report Prevented Walsh From Promotion to Army General, January 18, 2014
- Montana Standard, Schweitzer Wrote Army Defending Walsh After IG Report, January 18, 2014
- Johnson, Charles S. (March 9, 2012). "Bullock makes pick of Walsh as running mate official". Independent Record. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Charles S. Johnson, Billings Gazette, Bullock Defeats Hill in Montana Governor Race, November 7, 2012
- Charles S. Johnson, The Missoulian, Bullock Sworn in as Montana's 24th Governor, January 7, 2013
- Daniel Strauss, Talking Points Memo, Obama Announces Nomination Of Max Baucus As China Ambassador, December 20, 2013
- Matt Volz, Associated Press, ABC News, Lt. Gov. John Walsh Chosen for Baucus' Senate Seat, February 7, 2014
- Jose Delreal, Politico.com, John Walsh Appointed to Montana Senate Seat, February 7, 2014
- Susan Davis, USA Today, John Walsh Sworn in as Montana’s Junior Senator, February 11, 2014
- Johnson, Charles (7 February 2014). "Bullock taps Walsh for Senate seat". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- Mike Dennison, "Democratic US Senate Candidate Runs Bold Shoestring Campaign", Missoulian, April 28, 2014
- Mike Dennison, "US Senate Candidate Adams Touts Environment Business Background", Missoulian, April 27, 2014]
- KXLH, Bohlinger announces candidacy for U.S. Senate, November 7, 2013
- Delreal, Jose (7 February 2014). "John Walsh appointed to Montana Senate seat". Politico. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- Mike Dennison, Daines campaign ad attacks Walsh appointment to U.S. Senate a 'buy-off', Missoulian, March 19 2014
- Associated Press, The Huffington Post, John Walsh Wins Primary In Montana Senate Race, June 3, 2014
- "PLANNED PARENTHOOD LOCAL AND NATIONAL POLITICAL ADVOCACY GROUPS ENDORSE MONTANA LT. GOV. JOHN WALSH FOR SENATE". Planned Parenthood. January 14, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Johnson, Charles S. (March 8, 2014). "Planned Parenthood head: Montana race critical for Democratic Senate control". Billings Gazette. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
- "Walsh nominated to serve on 4 U.S. Senate committees". Kpax.com. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- Office of Senator John Walsh (2014-05-16). "Walsh Fights to Protect and Maintain Tribal Languages". Indian Country Today Media Network. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
- "Sens. Franken, Begich, Hirono, Shaheen, Landrieu, Warner, Walsh Co-Sponsor Legislation to Expand Tax Credits to Small Businesses". votesmart.org. February 28, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Summary: H.R.4128 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)". congress.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Scott, Tristan (March 4, 2014). "North Fork Watershed Protection Act Passes U.S. House". Flathead Beacon. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Walsh, John (April 3, 2014). "Walsh Disappointed that Senate Fails to Pass Landmark Conservation Bill to Protect North Fork". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Lutey, Tom (May 8, 2014). "Walsh: pass Keystone, remove Obama from cross-border infrastructure decisions". Billings Gazette. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Letter". collins.senate.gov. MApril 4, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Letter to Ron Wyden, Chairman Committee on Finance and Orrin Hatch, Ranking Member Committee on Finance - Include Extensions of Investment Tax Credit and Production Tax Credit for Wind Energy in Upcoming Tax-Extenders Package". votesmart.org. March 21, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Walsh, John (April 7, 2014). "Walsh Sponsors Medicare Protection Act to Secure Health Services for Montanans". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "S 2199 - Paycheck Fairness Act - Key Vote". votesmart.org. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Senator Walsh on Violence in Iraq". Video - C-SPAN.org. 2014-06-18. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- Dan Bushnell, Big Sky Guardian, A New Era Begins for the Montana National Guard, Fall 2008, page 11
- Charles S. Johnson, The Missoulian, Democrat Bullock Taps Former Montana Adjutant General for Lieutenant Governor, March 8, 2012
- Congressional website
- John Walsh for Senate
- John Walsh at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
|Lieutenant Governor of Montana
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Montana
Served alongside: Jon Tester
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Montana
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
|Order of Precedence of the United States||Succeeded by
as Governors in order of statehood other than that in which the event is held
|Order of precedence|
|Seniority in the U.S. Senate
|Least senior senator|