John Warner

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John Warner
KBE
Senator John Warner portrait.JPG
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
January 2, 1979 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by William L. Scott
Succeeded by Mark Warner
61st United States Secretary of the Navy
13th Secretary under the DoD
In office
May 4, 1972 – April 8, 1974
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by John Chafee
Succeeded by J. William Middendorf, II
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Strom Thurmond
Succeeded by Carl Levin
In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Preceded by Carl Levin
Succeeded by Carl Levin
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Carl Levin
Succeeded by Carl Levin
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
In office
September 8, 1995 – January 3, 1999
Preceded by Ted Stevens
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
Personal details
Born John William Warner
(1927-02-18) February 18, 1927 (age 87)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Catherine Mellon (div.)
Elizabeth Taylor (div.)
Jeanne Vander Myde
Children Virginia Warner
John Warner, Jr.
Mary Warner
Residence Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Alma mater Washington and Lee University
University of Virginia Law School
Profession Lawyer
Religion Episcopalian
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
 United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1945–1946
1950–1953
Rank PO3 collar.png Petty Officer Third Class
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain
Unit 1st Marine Aircraft Wing
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Awards Knight of the Order of the British Empire

John William Warner (born February 18, 1927) is an American Republican politician who served as Secretary of the Navy from 1972 to 1974 and as a five-term United States Senator from Virginia from January 2, 1979, to January 3, 2009. He did not seek reelection in 2008 and has rejoined the law firm of Hogan Lovells, where he worked before joining the United States Department of Defense. Warner was also the sixth husband to actress Elizabeth Taylor, whom he married before being elected to the Senate. He is a veteran of World War II, and one of only five serving in the Senate at the time of his retirement.[1][dead link]

Early life and education[edit]

John William Warner was born on February 18, 1927, to John W. and Martha Budd Warner and grew up in Washington, D.C., where he attended the elite St. Albans School before graduating from Woodrow Wilson High School in February 1945.

He enlisted in the United States Navy during World War II in January 1945, shortly before his 18th birthday. He served until the following year, leaving as a Petty Officer 3rd Class. He went to college at Washington and Lee University, where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi, graduating in 1949; he then entered the University of Virginia Law School.

He joined the U.S. Marine Corps in October 1950, after the outbreak of the Korean War, and served in Korea as a ground aircraft maintenance officer with the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. He continued in the Marine Corps Reserves after the war, eventually reaching the rank of captain. He then resumed his studies, taking courses at the George Washington University, and then receiving his law degree in 1953. That year, he became a law clerk to Chief Judge E. Barrett Prettyman of the United States Court of Appeals. In 1956, he became an assistant U.S. attorney; in 1960 he entered private law practice and joined Kirkland and Ellis.

Personal life[edit]

In 1957, Warner married banking heiress Catherine Conover Mellon, the daughter of art collector Paul Mellon and his first wife, Mary Conover, and the granddaughter of Andrew Mellon. By his marriage, Warner accrued substantial capital for investing and expanding his political contacts. The Warners, who divorced in 1973, have three children: Virginia, John Jr, and Mary. His former wife now uses the name Catherine Conover.[2]

John Warner married actress Elizabeth Taylor on December 4, 1976. They divorced on November 7, 1982. Although Warner again obtained society limelight and capital for his advancement, the divorce did not leave him with the same amount of wealth as with Catherine Conover. Warner and Larry Fortensky were the only living former spouses of Elizabeth Taylor at the time of her death in 2011.

On December 15, 2003, Warner married Jeanne Vander Myde, a real estate agent who specializes in Northern Virginia properties. She is also the widow of White House official Paul Vander Myde.[3]

Career[edit]

John W. Warner as Secretary of the Navy
From left: Secretary of the Navy Warner, LT Duke Cunningham, LT William P. Driscoll and the Chief of Naval Operations, ADM Elmo Zumwalt, 1972
Warner and fellow Virginia Senator Chuck Robb at the commissioning ceremony for the USS Arleigh Burke with Arleigh Burke and wife present and Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney delivering the keynote address, July 4, 1991.

After giving substantial campaign funds and time to the Nixon Presidential election, on February 1969, Warner was appointed Undersecretary of the Navy under the Nixon administration. On May 4, 1972, he succeeded John H. Chafee as Secretary of the Navy. Thereafter Warner, was appointed by President Gerald Ford to be a participant in the controversial Law of the Sea Globalist talks, and negotiated the Incidents at Sea Executive Agreement with the Soviet Union which became a cause celebre of pro-Detente doves in Soviet-American relations. He was subsequently appointed by Gerald Ford to the post of Director of the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration.

Following Ford's defeat, Warner began to consider political office for himself. He entered politics in the 1978 Virginia election for U.S. Senate. Despite the publicity of being Elizabeth Taylor's husband and the large amounts of money Warner used in his campaign for the nomination, he finished second at the state Republican Party (GOP) convention to the far more conservative politician Richard D. Obenshain. Much of this loss was due to his perceived liberal political stances, especially his soft approach to Soviet relations. In contrast Obenshain was a noted anti-Soviet, a hardline anti-communist, and an opponent of other liberal policies including the Great Society and much of the Civil Rights Movement. However, fate intervened when Obenshain died two months later in a plane crash. Consequently, Warner was chosen to replace him and narrowly won the general election over Democrat Andrew P. Miller, former Attorney General of Virginia. He was in the Senate until January 3, 2009. Despite his less conservative policy stances, Warner managed to be the second-longest serving senator in Virginia's history, behind only Harry F. Byrd, Sr., and by far the longest-serving Republican Senator from the state. On August 31, 2007, Warner announced that he would not seek re-election in 2008.

His committee memberships included the Environment and Public Works Committee, the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. As the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, he protected and increased the flow of billions of dollars into the Virginia economy each year via the state's military installations and shipbuilding firms which served his reelection efforts in every cycle.

Warner was quite moderate, especially in comparison to most Republican Senators from the South. He was among the minority of Republicans to support gun control laws. He voted for the Brady Bill and, in 1999, was one of only five Republicans to vote to close the so-called gun show loophole. In 2004 Warner was one of three Republicans to sponsor an amendment by Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) that sought to provide for a 10-year extension of the Assault Weapons Ban.

Warner supported[4] the Roe v. Wade decision establishing abortion rights and supported embryonic stem cell research,[5] although he received high ratings from pro-life groups because he voted in favor of many abortion restrictions.[6] On June 15, 2004, Warner was among the minority of his party to vote to expand hate crime laws to include sexual orientation as a protected category. He supports a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, but he raised concerns about the most recent Federal Marriage Amendment as being too restrictive, as it would have potentially banned civil unions as well.

In 1987, Warner was one of the few Republicans who voted to reject the nomination of Robert Bork by President Ronald Reagan and the only Southerner to do so.[7]

President George W. Bush signs into law H.R. 5122, the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 in the Oval Office at the White House. Joining him are, from left: Vice President Dick Cheney, Rep. Duncan Hunter of California, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Sen. John Warner of Virginia, and General Peter Pace, Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Warner was re-elected easily in 1984 and 1990, and faced his first real challenge for re-election in 1996 from political newcomer Democrat Mark Warner (no relation). Mark Warner was a millionaire who vastly outspent the incumbent and produced an unusually close election, but John Warner prevailed with 52% of the vote.

According to George Stephanopoulos, a former close aide to President Bill Clinton, Warner was among top choices to replace Les Aspin as the Secretary of Defense in the Clinton administration. However, President Clinton selected William Perry. During Clinton second term William Cohen of Maine, another moderate Republican Senator, held this position.[8]

During the 1996 United States Presidential election Warner served as a Senate teller (along with Democrat Wendell H. Ford) of electoral votes.[9] Warner was among ten GOP Senators who voted against the charge of perjury during Clinton's impeachment (the others were Richard Shelby of Alabama, Ted Stevens of Alaska, Susan Collins of Maine, Olympia Snowe of Maine, John Chafee of Rhode Island, Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania, Jim Jeffords of Vermont, Slade Gorton of Washington and Fred Thompson of Tennessee). Warner and others who voted against the article angered many Republicans by their position. However, unlike Snowe, Collins, Specter, Jeffords and Chafee, the rest of the Republicans voted guilty on the second article.

As was the case in 1990, Warner faced no Democratic opposition in 2002, winning re-election to a fifth term in the Senate by a landslide over an independent candidate.[citation needed]

On May 23, 2005, Warner was one of 14 centrist senators (Gang of 14) to forge a compromise on the Democrats' proposed use of the judicial filibuster, thus blocking the Republican leadership's attempt to implement the so-called nuclear option. Under the agreement, the Democrats would retain the power to filibuster a Bush judicial nominee only in an "extraordinary circumstance", and three Bush appellate court nominees (Janice Rogers Brown, Priscilla Owen and William Pryor) would receive a vote by the full Senate.

Committee chairman Carl Levin (D-MI) and former ranking member John Warner (R-VA) listen to Admiral Mike Mullen's confirmation hearing before the Armed Services Committee to become Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, July 31, 2007.

On September 17, 2006, Warner said that US military and intelligence personnel in future wars will suffer for abuses committed in 2006 by the US in the name of fighting terrorism. He feared that the administration’s civilian lawyers and a president who never saw combat were putting US service personnel at risk of torture, summary executions and other atrocities by chipping away at Geneva Conventions’ standards that have protected them since 1949. Following the Supreme Court ruling on Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, which was adverse to the Bush Administration, Warner (with Senators Lindsey Graham and John McCain) negotiated with the White House the language of the Military Commissions Act of 2006, suspending habeas corpus provisions for anyone deemed by the Executive Branch an "unlawful combatant" and barring them from challenging their detentions in court. Warner's vote gave a retroactive, nine-year immunity to U.S. officials who authorized, ordered, or committed acts of torture and abuse, permitting the use of statements obtained through torture to be used in military tribunals so long as the abuse took place by December 30, 2005.[10] Warner's "compromise" (approved by a Republican majority) authorized the President to establish permissible interrogation techniques and to "interpret the meaning and application" of international Geneva Convention standards, so long as the coercion falls short of "serious" bodily or psychological injury.[11][12] Warner maintains that the new law holds true to "core principles" that the US provide fair trials and not be seen as undermining Geneva Conventions.[1][dead link] The bill was signed into law on October 17, 2006, in Warner's presence.[13][14][15]

In March 2007, after Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Peter Pace spoke out about his views on homosexuality and the military, Sen. Warner said, "I respectfully, but strongly, disagree with the chairman's view that homosexuality is immoral."[16]

On August 23, 2007, he called on President Bush to begin bringing U.S. troops home from Iraq by Christmas in order to make it clear to the Iraqi leadership that the U.S. commitment is not indefinite.[17]

On August 31, 2007, he announced that he would not seek a sixth term in the Senate in 2008.[18]

Warner was a cosponsor of America's Climate Security Act of 2007, also more commonly referred to as the Cap and Trade Bill, that proposed to ration (cap) carbon emissions in the U.S., and tax or purchase (trade) Carbon credits on the global market for greater U.S. alignment with the Kyoto protocol standards and goals.

In September 2008, Warner joined the Gang of 20, a bipartisan coalition seeking comprehensive energy reform. The group is pushing for a bill that would encourage state-by-state decisions on offshore drilling and authorize billions of dollars for conservation and alternative energy.[19]

In October 2008, Warner voted in favor of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.[20][21]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Committee on Environment and Public Works
    • Subcommittee on Private Sector and Consumer Solutions to Global Warming and Wildlife Protection (Ranking Member)
    • Subcommittee on Transportation and Infrastructure
  • Committee on Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Airland
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
    • Subcommittee on SeaPower
  • Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
    • Ad Hoc Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration
    • Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
    • Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia
  • Select Committee on Intelligence
  • Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

Current life[edit]

On December 12, 2008, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence awarded Warner the first ever National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal.

On January 8, 2009, the Secretary of the Navy announced it would name the next Virginia-class submarine after John Warner. USS John Warner (SSN-785) will be the twelfth Virginia-class submarine.[22]

On February 19, 2009 the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., announced that Queen Elizabeth II would name John Warner an honorary Knight Commander for his work strengthening the American-British military alliance.[23] As a person who is not a British citizen (or a citizen of a country which acknowledges the British monarch as their own monarch), the title of Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire only allows Warner to put the Post-nominal letters KBE after his name.[24]

The annual Senator John W. Warner Award is given to a third year undergraduate student at the University of Virginia who exhibits a serious, convincing ambition to seek future election to public office. This award honors an individual who strives for service in an elected office, whether it is a part-time city council position or a full-time legislative or executive office. Successful candidates demonstrate the required courage to stand up and ask fellow citizens for their valued vote. The award of up to $3,000 funds a research project in an area that will inform the recipient's future career as an elected official. Award recipients include: John Jacob Nay, Casey Enders, James Linville, and Sarah Buckley. [25]

Election results[edit]

Virginia United States Senate Election, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner 613,232 50.2
Democratic Andrew P. Miller 608,511 49.8
Virginia United States Senate Election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 846,782 70.1 +19.9
Democratic Edythe C. Harrison 196,755 29.9
Virginia United States Senate Election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 846,782 80.4 +10.3
Independent Nancy B. Spannaus 196,755 18.7
Virginia United States Senate Election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 1,235,743 52.5 -27.9
Democratic Mark Warner 1,115,981 47.4
Virginia United States Senate Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Warner (Incumbent) 1,229,894 82.6 +30.1
Independent Nancy B. Spannaus 145,102 9.7
Independent Jacob Hornberger 106,055 7.1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Veterans’ defiance a nightmare for Bush". September 17, 2006.  Gulf Times. The other World War II veterans in the Senate were Daniel Inouye (D-HI), Daniel Akaka (D-HI), Ted Stevens (R-AK) and Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ).
  2. ^ Washington Life Magazine: May 2005
  3. ^ WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS: VOWS; Jeanne Vander Myde and John Warner – New York Times marriage announcement
  4. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home
  5. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home
  6. ^ Analysis of Warner's voting record re abortion
  7. ^ U.S. Senate website
  8. ^ George Stephanopoulos, All Too Human: A Political Education.
  9. ^ Our Campaigns – US President Race, December 16, 1996
  10. ^ William Neikirk, Andrew Zajac, Mark Silva (September 29, 2006). "Tribunal bill OKd by Senate". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 29, 2006. 
  11. ^ Zernike, Kate (September 28, 2006). "Senate Passes Broad New Detainee Rules". New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2006. 
  12. ^ Anne Plummer Flaherty (September 28, 2006). "Senate OKs detainee interrogation bill". Associated Press. Retrieved September 29, 2006. [dead link]
  13. ^ "THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAQ; Bush Reassures Iraqi That There Is No Timetable for Withdrawal". New York Times. October 16, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  14. ^ http://www.myrtlebeachonline.com/mld/myrtlebeachonline/news/nation/15785456.htm
  15. ^ George Bush, John McCain and 'Torture' – HUMAN EVENTS
  16. ^ "Sen. Clinton dodges question on gays, immorality", CNN, March 15, 2007.
  17. ^ New York Times blogs, Ibid.
  18. ^ "Sen. Warner won't seek 6th term". MSNBC. August 31, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2007. 
  19. ^ Star Tribune article
  20. ^ "Vote Summary: Question: On the Amendment (Dodd Amdt. No. 5685 ) – In the nature of a substitute". U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 110th Congress – 2nd Session (Secretary of the United States Senate). October 1, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Vote Summary: On Passage of the Bill (H. R. 1424 As Amended )". U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 110th Congress – 2nd Session (Secretary of the United States Senate). October 1, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008. 
  22. ^ Navy Names Virginia Class Submarine USS John Warner
  23. ^ Queen to name John Warner honorary knight
  24. ^ A Most Excellent Honor For the Ex-Senator
  25. ^ University of Virginia Warner Award

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Charles F. Baird
Under Secretary of the Navy
February 11, 1969 – May 4, 1972
Succeeded by
Frank P. Sanders
Preceded by
John Chafee
United States Secretary of the Navy
Served under: Richard Nixon

May 4, 1972 – April 8, 1974
Succeeded by
J. William Middendorf
United States Senate
Preceded by
William L. Scott
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Virginia
January 2, 1979 – January 3, 2009
Served alongside: Harry F. Byrd, Jr., Paul S. Trible, Jr., Chuck Robb, George F. Allen, Jim Webb
Succeeded by
Mark Warner
Political offices
Preceded by
Ted Stevens
(R-Alaska)
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules
1995–1999
Succeeded by
Mitch McConnell
(R-Kentucky)
Preceded by
Strom Thurmond
(R-South Carolina)
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
Succeeded by
Carl Levin
(D-Michigan)
Preceded by
Carl Levin
(D-Michigan)
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Succeeded by
Carl Levin
(D-Michigan)
Preceded by
Carl Levin
(D-Michigan)
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Succeeded by
Carl Levin
(D-Michigan)
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richard D. Obenshain
(deceased)
Republican Party nominee for United States Senator from Virginia
(Class 2)

1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002
Succeeded by
Jim Gilmore
Husband of Elizabeth Taylor
Preceded by
Richard Burton
Husband of Elizabeth Taylor
(by order of marriage)

1976–1982
Succeeded by
Larry Fortensky